Symptoms of Urinary Tract Infection in Men and Diagnosis

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is mostly common in women than men. On the other hand, urinary tract infections in men are rather complex in character due to overlying of the reproductive and urinary tract. Let us take a nippy look at some of the common male urinary tract infection symptoms.

Symptoms of urinary tract infection in men

The urinary system in human beings comprises of urinary bladder, kidneys, urethra and ureters. Any infection to these organs is usually called as urinary tract infection. Even though, women are a lot more prone to urinary tract infections, men more than fifty years of age are also highly susceptible to these kinds of infections. A bacterium called E. coli is the one that is held responsible for these male urinary tract infections. Urethra and urinary bladder are the organs which are most liable to be affected by urinary infection. On the other hand, this infection slowly invades other parts of the body via your bloodstream. Even though, a urinary tract infection in men never becomes something that is life threatening, the uneasiness and pain associated with it can be fairly bothersome.

Urinary Tract Infection and its causes

The out of control growth of the bacteria E. coli is the main cause of male urinary tract infections. We also have other factors that aid in the spread of urinary tract infection. Mainly, such factors include sex with several partners and reduced hygiene.

Types of Urinary Tract Infection in Males

Depending upon the areas of infection, the urinary tract infections in males are divided into what is called Lower urinary tract infection in male (cystitis), and pyelonephritis or infection in the upper urinary tract. The distinctive symptoms of pyelonephritis include bulging and inflammation of the kidney linings. Cystitis, in contrast to this, is usually characterized by the inflammation and swelling of linings of the bladder.

Cystitis Symptoms

Cystitis or bladder infection happens mainly because of infection caused by the bacteria E. coli, which resides within the intestine. More often than not, the bacteria are discharged along with the urine. On the other hand, at times, the multiplication of the bacteria can be so fast that some bacteria stay behind and infect the urinary bladder and the urethra. The occurrence of Cystitis is rare among males. The reason it is more widespread in women is that, the urethra is of shorter length in women and is located closely to the anus. The symptoms of cystitis include abnormal or cloudy urine color, repeated or urgent need to urinate, painful urination, need to urinate during night, pressure in the lower pelvis, fatigue, chills, fever, flank pain, mental confusion or changes, nausea, vomiting and pain.

Pyelonephritis Symptoms

Pyelonephritis or kidney infection is the state where the urine flows back to the ureters from the bladder. The situation can be short term (acute) or it might be long term (chronic). A record of kidney stones, renal papillary necrosis, obstructive uropathy, etc. shoots up the chances of pyelonephritis. Symptoms of pyelonephritis include Back pain or flank pain, Chills accompanied with shaking, intermittent severe abdominal pain, Fatigue, High fever that lasts more than a couple of days, Mental changes and confusion, changes in the color and texture of the skin, general ill feeling, urination problems, such as blood in the urine, hazy or abnormal color of urine, foul or strong urine smell, augmented urinary urgency or frequency, need to urinate at night (nocturia), aching urination, vomiting, and nausea.

Commonly affected groups

Urinary tract infection is one the most widespread infections amongst women. Apart from this, we also have the possibility of males getting the problem due to enlarged prostate and diabetes. Those who have been advised bed rest are also expected to get a male urinary tract infection because of the lack of movements. Children and infants are also at high risk in this case. One of the main reasons for this is poor hygienic conditions in the place of living.

Symptoms of male urinary tract infection might vary according to the person involved. Most often, in elderly folks, mental confusion is the only sign linked with urinary tract infection in men. The most commonly prescribed drugs for curing male urinary tract infection is antibiotics. On the other hand, one can bring down the chances of contracting the infection by drinking sufficient water and maintaining proper hygiene.

Diagnosing Urinary Tract Infection

The physician will send a mid stream urine sample from the patient to be tested for the kind of bacteria there. A lab test can be taken to find out which antibiotic is the best for wiping out all the bacteria. Mycoplasma and Chlamydia should be sampled individually with a unique bacterial culture.

We also have more tests like Intravenious pyelogram (IVP), cystoscopy, or ultrasound, which may perhaps be required to detect the cause of urinary infections in particular, if they come back or do not react to the medicine your doctor prescribes.

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