Stomach
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  Stomach



Stomach

    The organ between the esophagus and the small intestine. The stomach is where digestion of protein begins.

RELATED TERMS
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Organ
A structural unit of an animal or plant that serves a specific function.

Esophagus
The organ that connects the mouth to the stomach. Also called gullet.

Intestine
The tube involved in digestion and extending from the stomach to the anus. Consists of the small intestine and the large intestine.

Stomach
The organ between the esophagus and the small intestine. The stomach is where digestion of protein begins.

Digestion
The process the body uses to break down food into simple substances for energy, growth, and cell repair.

Protein
Any of a group of complex organic compounds which contain carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and usually sulfur, the characteristic element being nitrogen. Proteins, the principal constituents of the protoplasm of all cells, are of high molecular weight and consist essentially of combinations of a-amino acids in peptide linkages. Twenty different amino acids are commonly found in proteins, and each protein has a unique genetically defined amino acid sequence which determines its specific shape and function. Their roles include enzymatic catalysis, transport and storage, coordinated motion, nerve impulse generation and many others.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Stoma
An opening in the abdomen that is created by an operation (ostomy). Must be covered at all times by a bag that collects stool.

Stomatitis
Inflammation of the mucosa of the mouth.

Stomatology
The study of the mouth and its diseases



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Stem cell
An unspecialized cell that gives rise to a specific specialized cell, such as a blood cell.

Stenosis
The narrowing or constriction of a blood vessel or valve in the heart.

Stent
A device implanted in a vessel used to help keep it open.

Sternum
The breastbone.

Stoma
An opening in the abdomen that is created by an operation (ostomy). Must be covered at all times by a bag that collects stool.

Stomach

Stool
The solid wastes that pass through the rectum as bowel movements. Stools are undigested foods, bacteria, mucus, and dead cells. Also called feces.

Stress
Mental or physical tension that results from physical, emotional, or chemical causes.

Stress fractures
A bone injury caused by overuse.

Stress incontinence
Involuntary leaking of urine during activities that increase pressure inside the abdomen, such as coughing, sneezing, or jogging.

Stress ulcer
An upper GI ulcer from physical injury such as surgery, major burns, or critical head injury.

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