Spleen
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  Spleen



Spleen

    The organ that cleans blood and makes white blood cells.

RELATED TERMS
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Organ
A structural unit of an animal or plant that serves a specific function.

Blood
The life-maintaining fluid which is made up of plasma, red blood cells (erythrocytes), white blood cells (leukocytes), and platelets; blood circulates through the body's heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries; it carries away waste matter and carbon dioxide, and brings nourishment, electrolytes, hormones, vitamins, antibodies, heat, and oxygen to the tissues.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Splenic flexure syndrome
A condition that occurs when air or gas collects in the upper parts of the colon. Causes pain in the upper left abdomen. The pain often moves to the left chest and may be confused with heart problems.

Splenomegaly
Enlargement of the spleen.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Sphygmomanometer
The instrument used to measure blood pressure.

Sphincter
A ring-like band of muscle that opens and closes an opening in the body. An example is the muscle between the esophagus and the stomach known as the lower esophageal sphincter.

Sphincter of Oddi
The muscle between the common bile duct and pancreatic ducts.

Spinal anesthesia
Injection of an anesthetic into the area around the spinal cord to block pain sensation during surgery.

Spine
A column in the body consisting of 33 vertebrae.

Spleen

Splenic flexure syndrome
A condition that occurs when air or gas collects in the upper parts of the colon. Causes pain in the upper left abdomen. The pain often moves to the left chest and may be confused with heart problems.

Spondylosis
A degenerative process of the cervical spine that causes narrowing of the spinal canal and neural foramina, and produces compression of the spinal cord and nerve roots.

Sprain
A partial or complete tear of a ligament.

Squamous cell cancer
A slow-growing cancer in cells in the top layer of the skin.

Squamous epithelium
Tissue in an organ such as the esophagus. Consists of layers of flat, scaly cells.

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