Spasm
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  Spasm



Spasm

    A condition in which a muscle or group of muscles involuntarily contract.

RELATED TERMS
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Condition
The term "condition" has a number of biomedical meanings including the following: 1.An unhealthy state, such as in "this is a progressive condition." 2.A state of fitness, such as "getting into condition." 3.Something that is essential to the occurrence of something else; essentially a "precondition." 4.As a verb: to cause a change in something so that a response that was previously associated with a certain stimulus becomes associated with another stimulus; to condition a person, as in behavioral conditioning.

Muscle
Tissue made up of bundles of long, slender cells that contract when stimulated.

Contract
A written, dated, and signed agreement between two or more involved parties that sets out any arrangements on delegation and distribution of tasks and obligations and, if appropriate, on financial matters. The protocol may serve as the basis of a contract.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Spastic colon
See irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

Spasticity
Involuntary muscle tightness and stiffness that occurs in about two-thirds of people with cerebral palsy and in many who suffer severe head injuries. The medical definition of dystonia is a velocity-dependent, increased resistance to passive muscle stretch. In other words, when a muscle affected by spasticity is stretched by someone else, it is harder to move the muscle than normal, and the faster one pushes, the harder the muscle is to move.

Spastik Cocuklar Hastanesi ve Rehabilitasyon Merkezi
The Spastik Cocuklar Hastanesi ve Rehabilitasyon Merkezi is a hospital in Bursa, Turkey.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Serenity
Commercial name for a lithium pill used to treat bipolar disorder and other conditions.

Surgical Oncology
Treating cancers by surgically removing tumors.

Surgery
Treating diseases or other medical conditions by operating on a patient to remove or repair parts of the body.

Sialorrhea
Drooling.

Soma-tostatin
A chemical necessary for communication between nerve cells

Spasm

Striatum
Part of the basal ganglia, it is a large cluster of nerve cells, consisting of the caudate nucleus and the putamen, that controls movement, balance, and walking; the neurons of the striatum require dopamine to function.

Subarachnoid hemorrhage
A brain attack that occurs when a blood vessel on the surface of the brain ruptures and bleeds into the space between the brain and the skull (but not into the brain itself).

Substantia nigra
A small area of the brain containing a cluster of black-pigmented nerve cells that produce dopamine which is then transmitted to the striatum.

Sustention tremor
A tremor of a limb that increases when the limb is stretched.

Synapse
A tiny gap between the ends of nerve fibers across which nerve impulses pass from one neuron to another; at the synapse, an impulse causes the release of a neurotransmitter, which diffuses across the gap and triggers an electrical impulse in the next neuron.

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