SPASTICITY
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  Spasticity



Spasticity

    Involuntary muscle tightness and stiffness that occurs in about two-thirds of people with cerebral palsy and in many who suffer severe head injuries. The medical definition of dystonia is a velocity-dependent, increased resistance to passive muscle stretch. In other words, when a muscle affected by spasticity is stretched by someone else, it is harder to move the muscle than normal, and the faster one pushes, the harder the muscle is to move.

RELATED TERMS
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Muscle
Tissue made up of bundles of long, slender cells that contract when stimulated.

Cerebral
Referring to the cerebrum.

Palsy
Paralysis of a muscle or group of muscles

Medical
Pertaining to Medicine.

Dystonia
Dystonia is a neurological movement disorder with involuntary muscle contractions, forcing specific parts of the body into abnormal movements or positions, sometimes causing pain.

Spasticity
Involuntary muscle tightness and stiffness that occurs in about two-thirds of people with cerebral palsy and in many who suffer severe head injuries. The medical definition of dystonia is a velocity-dependent, increased resistance to passive muscle stretch. In other words, when a muscle affected by spasticity is stretched by someone else, it is harder to move the muscle than normal, and the faster one pushes, the harder the muscle is to move.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Spasm
A condition in which a muscle or group of muscles involuntarily contract.

Spastic colon
See irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

Spastik Cocuklar Hastanesi ve Rehabilitasyon Merkezi
The Spastik Cocuklar Hastanesi ve Rehabilitasyon Merkezi is a hospital in Bursa, Turkey.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Serotonin
A neurotransmitter important in filtering out information. If its levels are low, it can be the underlying cause of depression and violence.

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One of two or more individuals having at least one common parent.

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The ovoid column of nervous tissue, extending from the medulla to the second lumbar vertebra in the spinal canal. All nerves to the trunk and limbs issue from the spinal cord, the center of reflex action containing conducting paths to and from the brain. Sensory neurons enter posteriorly; motor nerves arise anteriorly.

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Sinusitis
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Spasticity

Spina Bifida
A neural tube defect resulting from the improper closure of the fetal spine. The defect can be low in the spine and problems are often mild. If the defect is higher in the spine it can cause more serious problems such as leg paralysis and & bladder control.

Stroke
A stroke, or a Cerebrovascular Accident, occurs when blood vessels that deliver oxygen to the brain, either rupture or become clogged, causing brain/nerve cells to die. Results are usually devastating as nerve/brain cells are not replaced. Usually characterized by a slurring of words, weakness on one side of the body, and a drooping facial expression on one side of the face.

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