Rheumatism
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  Rheumatism



Rheumatism

    A general disease characterized by painful, often multiple, local inflammations, usually affecting the joints and muscles, but also extending sometimes to the deeper organs, as the heart.

RELATED TERMS
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Disease
Illness or sickness often characterized by typical patient problems (symptoms) and physical findings (signs). Disruption sequence: The events that occur when a fetus that is developing normally is subjected to a destructive agent such as the rubella (German measles) virus.

Local
In the area of the tumor; confined to one specific area.

Heart
The hollow, muscular organ responsible for pumping blood through the circulatory system.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Rheumatic Fever
A serious inflammatory condition which follows Streptococcal pharyngitis. Acute rheumatic fever can destroy the heart valves or leave them vulnerable to scarring, thickening, calcification, and fusion of the leaflets later in life.

Rheumatic Heart Disease
Rheumatic Fever can lead to a condition known as rheumatic heart disease. This is usually a thickening and stenosis of one or more of the heart valves and often requires surgery, to repair or replace the involved valve (s).

Rheumatic Valve Disease
Rheumatic Valve Disease is a consequence of rheumatic fever. Rheumatic valve disease is a thickening and stenosis of one or more of the heart valves and often requires surgery to repair or replace the affected valve(s).

Rheumatoid arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic disease that is of unknown cause and is characterized by pain, stiffness, inflammation, swelling and sometimes destruction of joints.

Rheumatoid factor
An autoantibody (usually IgM) which reacts with the individual's own IgG. Present in rheumatoid arthritis.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Ribonucleic acid
RNA. The generic term for polynucleotides, similar to DNA but containing ribose in place of deoxyribose and uracil in place of thymine. These molecules are involved in the transfer of information from DNA, programming protein synthesis and maintaining ribosome structure. The 4 main types of RNA are heterogeneous nuclear RNA (hRNA), messenger RNA (mRNA), transfer RNA (tRNA) and ribosomal RNA (rRNA).

Receptor
A molecule that recognizes a unique hormone. Once that hormone is bound to the receptor, the information carried by the hormone can now exert its biological action.

Retina
A membrane lining the inside of the back of the eye that contains light-sensitive nerve cells that convert focused light into nerve impulses, making vision possible.

Recessive gene
A gene that is inferior to another gene that controls the same trait (the dominant gene). The inferior gene does not get expressed in the presence of a dominant gene.

Rectum
An 8-inch chamber connected to the large intestine that receives solid waste (feces) from the descending colon to be expelled from the body. The rectum connects the colon to the anus. It is the rectum's job to receive stool from the colon, to let the person know that there is stool to be evacuated, and to hold the stool until evacuation happens.

Rheumatism

Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP)


Rheumatoid arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic disease that is of unknown cause and is characterized by pain, stiffness, inflammation, swelling and sometimes destruction of joints.

Rigidity
Rigidity is an increased resistance to the passive movement of a limb.

Rickets
A disorder of childhood characterised by defective bone and mineralisation, where characteristic lower limb bowing or bending occurs. Other outward signs of rickets can be the so-called rachitic rosary on the ribs, and thickened wrists, as well as bossing of the forehead.

Rheumatic Fever
A serious inflammatory condition which follows Streptococcal pharyngitis. Acute rheumatic fever can destroy the heart valves or leave them vulnerable to scarring, thickening, calcification, and fusion of the leaflets later in life.

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