Retinal layers
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  Retinal layers



Retinal layers

    Retinal layers are: Outer nuclear layer - Contains photoreceptors; Inner nuclear layer - Contains bipolar, horizontal and amacrine cells; Ganglion cell layer - Contains ganglion cells; Outer plexiform layer - Contains processes of receptor, bipolar and horizontal cells; Inner plexiform layer - Contains processes of bipolar, amacrine and ganglion cells.

RELATED TERMS
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Retinal
Light-absorbing portion of rhodopsin. The absorption of light causes retinal to change from 11-cis to 11-trans configuration

Ganglion
A cluster of nerve cells.

Cell
Fundamental structural unit of all life. The cell consists primarily of an outer plasma membrane, which separates it from the environment; the genetic material (DNA), which encodes heritable information for the maintainance of life; and the cytoplasm, a heterogeneous assemblage of ions, molecules, and fluid.

Receptor
A molecule that recognizes a unique hormone. Once that hormone is bound to the receptor, the information carried by the hormone can now exert its biological action.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Reticuloendothelial system
A network of phagocytic cells.

Retin-a
Retin-a is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): tretinoin.

Retin-a micro
Retin-a micro is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): tretinoin.

Retina
A membrane lining the inside of the back of the eye that contains light-sensitive nerve cells that convert focused light into nerve impulses, making vision possible.

Retinal
Light-absorbing portion of rhodopsin. The absorption of light causes retinal to change from 11-cis to 11-trans configuration

Retinal detachment
A retinal detachment occurs when the retina, that part of the eye that contains the photoreceptors, detaches from the underlying layers of cells, called the choroid. A retinal detachment my be the result of injury to the eye such as blunt trauma (remember Sugar Ray, the boxer) or it may result from other things like high myopia or age-related macular degeneration. In certain diseases, retinal breaks and tears occur and these may lead to a retinal detachment. Early warning signs include bright dots or lights or some of your side vision may appear dark. A retinal detachment may be treatable if detected early, so see your Ophthalmologist.

Retinex Theory
Theory of lightness and color perception. Argues that the color of an object is not determined by the composition of the light coming from the object. The color of a unit area is determined by a trio of numbers each computed on a single waveband to give the relationship for the waveband between the unit area and the rest of the unit areas in a visual scene.

Retinitis
Inflammation of the retina.

Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP)


Retinoblastoma
The most common cancer in the eye occurring in early childhood. A parent or doctor may first suspect a problem by detecting whiteness in the normally dark pupil. Occasionally it leads to a wandering eye (strabismus). It does not spread from one eye to the other but about 25% have a tumor in each eye. Immediate medical treatment is necessary. Sometimes the eye(s) must be removed to prevent spreading of the tumor into the brain.

Retinoid
A natural or synthetic substance derived from vitamin A.

Retinopathy
Degeneration of the retina.

Retinotectal pathway
Pathway from the retina to superior colliculi.

Retinotopic map
A preservation of the spatial relationships of the photoreceptors in the retina in a higher brain representation.

Retisert
Retisert is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): fluocinolone acetonide.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Rubella
A mild, highly contagious viral disease that can cause serious birth defects if a pregnant woman is afflicted. Women who haven't had it should make sure they're immunized before conception.

Receptive field
Area of the retina and visual space that when stimulated produces a change in the response rate of a neuron.

Reflectance
The fraction of incident light that is reflected toward the eye by an object.

Reflection densitometry
Technique applied to the living eye to study photopigments. Measures the light reflected from the fundus (i.e. not absorbed by any pigments).

Retinal
Light-absorbing portion of rhodopsin. The absorption of light causes retinal to change from 11-cis to 11-trans configuration

Retinal layers

Retinex Theory
Theory of lightness and color perception. Argues that the color of an object is not determined by the composition of the light coming from the object. The color of a unit area is determined by a trio of numbers each computed on a single waveband to give the relationship for the waveband between the unit area and the rest of the unit areas in a visual scene.

Retinotectal pathway
Pathway from the retina to superior colliculi.

Retinotopic map
A preservation of the spatial relationships of the photoreceptors in the retina in a higher brain representation.

Rhodopsin
The visual pigment in rod cells. Contains opsin and retinal.

Right visual hemifield
The right half of the visual field, projects on the nasal hemiretina of the right eye and on the temporal hemiretina of the left eye.

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