Reprogramming
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  Reprogramming



Reprogramming

    Resetting the developmental clock of a nucleus; for example, resetting the developmental state of an adult differentiated cell nucleus so that it can carry out the genetic program of an early embryonic cell nucleus, making all the proteins required for embryonic development. In somatic cell nuclear transfer, components of the recipient egg cytoplasm are thought to play an important role in reprogramming the somatic cell nucleus to carry out the functions of an embryonic nucleus.

RELATED TERMS
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Nucleus
Plural: nuclei. The compartment of a cell that contains the chromosomes.

Adult
A person having attained full growth or maturity. Adults are of 19 through 44 years of age.

Differentiated
Having developed into a specialized cell or tissue type .

Cell
Fundamental structural unit of all life. The cell consists primarily of an outer plasma membrane, which separates it from the environment; the genetic material (DNA), which encodes heritable information for the maintainance of life; and the cytoplasm, a heterogeneous assemblage of ions, molecules, and fluid.

Genetic
Hereditary. Having to do with the genes.

Embryonic
Undeveloped, related to the embryo.

Development
The process of growth and differentiation.

Somatic
Pertaining to the cells and structures of the body, and their function.

Recipient
A patient who receives an organ, tissue or blood from another person.

Cytoplasm
The living matter within a cell (excluding the nucleus) that is responsible for the function of the cell (for example, protein synthesis).

Reprogramming
Resetting the developmental clock of a nucleus; for example, resetting the developmental state of an adult differentiated cell nucleus so that it can carry out the genetic program of an early embryonic cell nucleus, making all the proteins required for embryonic development. In somatic cell nuclear transfer, components of the recipient egg cytoplasm are thought to play an important role in reprogramming the somatic cell nucleus to carry out the functions of an embryonic nucleus.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Repression
A defense mechanism, operating unconsciously, that banishes unacceptable ideas, fantasies, affects, or impulses from consciousness or that keeps out of consciousness what has never been conscious. Although not subject to voluntary recall, the repressed material may emerge in disguised form. Often confused with the conscious mechanism of suppression. resistance One's conscious or unconscious psychological defense against bringing repressed (unconscious) thoughts into conscious awareness.

Reproductive system
The male and female organs responsible for reproduction.

Reproductive technology
Procedures and medical interventions used to aid conception.

Repronex
Repronex is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): menotropins fsh;lh.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Resolution phase
The fourth of four sexual phases delineated by Masters and Johnson.

Reversible hyposomatotropic dwarfism
Abuse-dwarfism.

Releasing hormone
Also known as releasing factor. One of the newly discovered peptide hormones secreted by cells in the hypothalamus of the brain. They release other hormones, especially from the nearby pituitary gland.

Romantic
Having a wondrous or storybook quality, visionary and idealized. Romantic love belongs to the proceptive phase of a relationship, especially at its onset. Historically, in the songs of the troubadours of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, romantic love stopped short of the acceptive phase of sexual intercourse and marriage, but today there is no strict dividing line.

Recloning
See Serial nuclear transfer.

Reprogramming

Recovery room
A room designed to accommodate a woman's labor, delivery, and recovery.

Rash
A reddish spot or patch of irritated skin. Rashes can be caused byillnesses, allergies, and heat and are usually temporary.

Recommended daily allowances
The federal government's recommendations for the minimum amounts of vitamins and minerals a person should eat each day.

Reflex
An automatic, involuntary movement.

Reproductive system
The male and female organs responsible for reproduction.

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