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   Pronounced reduction in the number of erythrocytes, all types of white blood cells, and the blood platelets in the circulating blood.


Red blood cells. Mature erythrocytes are non-nucleated, biconcave disks containing hemoglobin whose function is to transport oxygen.

The life-maintaining fluid which is made up of plasma, red blood cells (erythrocytes), white blood cells (leukocytes), and platelets; blood circulates through the body's heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries; it carries away waste matter and carbon dioxide, and brings nourishment, electrolytes, hormones, vitamins, antibodies, heat, and oxygen to the tissues.

Cells found in the blood.


A large, elongated gland located behind the lower portion of the stomach that secretes the hormones insulin and glucagon into the blood. These hormones are essential in regulating blood sugar levels. The pancreas also secretes enzymes into the small intestine that help with digestion and neutralize acid from the stomach.

Pancreas Transplant
A surgical procedure that involves replacing the pancreas of a person who has diabetes with a healthy pancreas that can make insulin. The healthy pancreas comes from a donor who has just died or from a living relative. A person can donate half a pancreas and still live normally. |At present, pancreas transplants are usually performed in persons with Type 1 diabetes who have severe complications. This is because after the transplant the patient must take immunosuppressive drugs that are highly toxic and may cause damage to the body.

A procedure in which a surgeon takes out the pancreas.

Irritation of the pancreas that can make it stop working; most often caused by gallstones or alcohol abuse.

Pancuronium is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): pancuronium bromide.

Pancuronium bromide
Pancuronium bromide is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): pancuronium bromide.


Fragments of genetic material (DNA), related to oncogenes, but are the normal "switches" used to control growth and tissue repair.

Located closest to the reference point. See distal.

A physician trained in the nature, cause, process and effects of disease; examines samples of tissue removed during surgery to determine an exact diagnosis.

A physician trained in rehabilitative medicine.

Physical therapist
An individual trained to assist people in restoring muscle function.


The presence of parasites in the circulating blood; used especially with reference to malarial and other protozoan forms, and microfilariae.

Passive immunity
Providing temporary protection from disease through the administration of exogenously produced antibody (i.e., transplacental transmission of antibodies to the fetus or the injection of immune globulin for specific preventive purposes).

see below for polymerase chain reaction.

Surrounding a blood or lymph vessel.

Petechia, pl. petechiae
Minute hemorrhagic spots, of pinpoint to pinhead size, in the skin, which are not blanched by pressure.

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