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    A surgical procedure in which a part of the brain called the globus pallidus is lesioned in order to improve symptoms of tremor, rigidity, and bradykinesia.


"That part of the central nervous system that is located within the cranium (skull). The brain functions as the primary receiver, organizer and distributor of information for the body. It has two (right and left) halves called ""hemispheres."" "

Various rhythmic involuntary movements involving the arms, legs or head, occurring in numerous illnesses and conditions and greatly varying in type and severity.

Rigidity is an increased resistance to the passive movement of a limb.


Palladone is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): hydromorphone hydrochloride.

Controlling symptoms without curing the disease.

Palliative care
Caring for a patient by maintaining the best quality of remaining life. Also offering support and guidance to the patient and family.

Palliative Care
Medical treatments intended to control suffering and discomfort (such as pain medication or treatment of an infection). These treatments will not cure the patient.

Palliative treatment
Non invasive relief of irritating conditions.

Pale appearance of the skin.


Propionibacterium acnes
A normal resident on the skin, P. acnes will multiply rapidly in clogged hair follicles where sebum is trapped.

An inflammatory comedo that resembles a whitehead with a ring of redness around it.

PET scan
Positron emission tomography scan. A diagnostic test that uses a sophisticated camera and computer to produce images of how your body is functioning. PET scans show the difference between healthy and abnormally functioning tissues.

Prostate specific antigen. A protein which comes from the prostate gland. The PSA test, which measures the levels of prostate specific antigen in the blood, is one test for prostate cancer.

A male sex gland that produces a thick fluid which forms part of semen.


The name given to a group of disorders with similar features; four primary symptoms (tremor, rigidity, postural instability, and bradykinesia) that are the result of the loss of dopamine-producing brain cells.

Paralysis of a muscle or group of muscles

Wavelike contractions that move food through the digestive tract.

Pyramidal pathway
A collection of nerve tracts that travel from the cerebral cortex through the pyramid of the medulla oblongata in the brainstem to the spinal cord. Within the pyramid of the medulla, fibers cross from one side of the brain to the opposite side of the spinal cord; the pyramidal pathway is intact in Parkinson's disease.

Hard and soft tissue forming the roof of the mouth.

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