Ophthalmologist
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  Ophthalmologist



Ophthalmologist

    A physician (MD) who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of eye problems and diseases. The ophthalmologist works with the use of glasses, contact lenses, eye medication and surgery.

RELATED TERMS
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Physician
A doctor. An authorized practitioner of medicine.

Diagnosis
The determination of the presence of a specific disease or infection, usually accomplished by evaluating clinical symptoms and laboratory tests.

Diseases
A definite pathologic process with a characteristic set of signs and symptoms. It may affect the whole body or any of its parts, and its etiology, pathology, and prognosis may be known or unknown.

Ophthalmologist
A physician (MD) who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of eye problems and diseases. The ophthalmologist works with the use of glasses, contact lenses, eye medication and surgery.

Glasses
A pair of ophthalmic lenses in a frame or mounting which is supported by the nose and ears. The purpose is to aid or improve vision. It does not include goggles or nonprescription sun glasses for which EYE PROTECTIVE DEVICES is available.

Surgery
Treating diseases or other medical conditions by operating on a patient to remove or repair parts of the body.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Ophthaine
Ophthaine is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): proparacaine hydrochloride.

Ophthalmology
The branch of medicine that pertains to the eye and its diseases.

Ophthalmology Surgical Center
The Ophthalmology Surgical Center is a hospital in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, United States.

Ophthalmopathy
Eye disease. There are several disorders that can affect vision in people with diabetes; the most severe is diabetic retinopathy.

Ophthetic
Ophthetic is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): proparacaine hydrochloride.

Ophthochlor
Ophthochlor is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): chloramphenicol.

Ophthocort
Ophthocort is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): chloramphenicol; hydrocortisone acetate; polymyxin b sulfate.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Otic Domeboro
Otic Domeboro(2% acetic acid-aluminum) is a treatment for antimicrobial infections of the ear canal. Produced by Bayer.

Oxazepam
A tranquilizer.

Ocular Dexter
OD; Right eye.

Oculus Sinister
OS; Left eye.

Oculus Uterque
OU; Both eyes.

Ophthalmologist

Optic atrophy
A disease of the optic nerve in which the nerve fibers carrying the electrical impulses from the eye to the brain start to die off. In such cases the optic nerve has a pale or whitish appearance compared to the normal pink color. Optic atrophy is associated with poor reading vision and often the cause of legal blindness. May be associated with a serious medical condition and requires further medical examination to determine the cause of the atrophy. Not reversible.

Optic disc
The visible part of the optic nerve inside the eye. The axons of the ganglion cells of the inner retina make-up the optic nerve.

Optician
A technician who fits a person for glasses. He/she does not test for glasses. Some opticians also fit contact lenses.

Optic nerve hypoplasia
small and underdeveloped optic nerve. Optic nerve hypoplasia is one of the leading causes of vision loss and blindness in infants and children. Optic nerve hypoplasia occurs in the early stages of fetal development, when the eyes are forming. The optic nerve never fully develops or, once developed, dies-off and reduces in size for unknown reasons. Recent evidence suggests that ganglion cell axons, that make-up the optic nerve, are not able to grow through the optic nerve head because certain chemical messengers are not present for directional growth from the eye to the brain. Optic nerve hypoplasia is variable, and can result in only minor vision problems to complete blindness. Usually, if the infant has nystagmus the optic nerve hypoplasia is more severe and vision is very much reduced. If the infant does not have nystagmus, the likelihood for significant vision loss in less. All infants with optic nerve hypoplasia should have a CT scan or MRI to look for midline brain defects that can result in body growth problems. If the infant does not have nystagmus, the chance of midline brain defects is small. If the infant has nystagmus, the chance of midline defects is greater. Some infants have optic nerve hypoplasia in one eye only. If only in one eye, the chance of midline defects is very small and the doctor may chose not to do a CT scan or MRI, depending on other factors. There is no treatment or cure for optic nerve hypoplasia.

Optic neuritis


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