Microsurgery
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  Microsurgery



Microsurgery

    Precise, delicate surgery performed to unblock Fallopian tubes or to reverse a vasectomy or tubal ligation.

RELATED TERMS
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Surgery
Treating diseases or other medical conditions by operating on a patient to remove or repair parts of the body.

Vasectomy
A surgical procedure in which a man's vas deferens is cut, preventing sperm from being ejaculated. While the procedure can sometimes be reversed, is generally considered a permanent form of birth control.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Micrainin
Micrainin is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): aspirin; meprobamate.

Micro-k
Micro-k is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): potassium chloride.

Micro-k 10
Micro-k 10 is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): potassium chloride.

Micro-k ls
Micro-k ls is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): potassium chloride.

Microalbumin
Small amounts of protein in the urine that cannot be detected by the usual "dipstick" test done for routine urinanalysis testing for other reasons. Specialized dipsticks, or urine collections over a period of 12-24 hours, are used to measure the amount of microalbumin. If there is persistent microalbumin over several repeated tests at different times, the risk of diabetic nephropathy and macrovascular disease are both higher.

Microaneurysm
A small swelling that forms on the side of tiny blood vessels. These small swellings may break and bleed into nearby tissue. People with diabetes sometimes get microaneurysms in the retina of the eye.

Microangiopathy
See: Angiopathy.

Microbe
Microscopic organism, especially one that transmits a disease.

Microbiology
The study of living microbes, including bacteria, protozoa and molds.

Microcannula
A hair-thin glass tube so small that it can penetrate a single cell and deliver a minute drop of a liquid substance to the cell.

Microcephaly
A small skull with small cranial capacity. Usually indicates mental retardation.

Microcomedo
The first stage of comedo formation; a comedo so small that it can be seen only with a microscope.

Microcyst
A tiny cyst, frequently of such dimensions that a magnifying lens or microscope is required for observation.

Microderm
Microderm is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): chlorhexidine gluconate.

Microelectrode
An electrode made of a filament so hair-thin that it can penetrate a single cell, such as a nerve cell, and deliver to or receive from the cell a minute amount of electrical current.

Microelectrodes
Electrodes with an extremely small tip, used in a voltage clamp or other apparatus to stimulate or record bioelectric potentials of single cells intracellularly or extracellularly.

Microencephaly
Having an abnormally small brain.

Microgestin fe 1-20
Microgestin fe 1-20 is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): ethinyl estradiol; norethindrone acetate.

Microgestin fe 1.5-30
Microgestin fe 1.5-30 is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): ethinyl estradiol; norethindrone acetate.

Micrographia
A change in handwriting with the script becoming smaller and more cramped.

Microhepatia
A small liver.

Microlite
Microlite is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): technetium tc-99m albumin colloid kit.

Micromelia
A birth defect in which arms or legs are abnormally short.

Micronase
Micronase is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): glyburide.

Micronor
Micronor is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): norethindrone.

Micronutrient
Vitamins and minerals that have no caloric value and little direct impact on hormonal response.

Microorganism
An organism that can be seen only under a microscope. Categories of microorganisms include Algae, Bacteria, Fungi, Protozoa, Viruses, or Subviral Agents. Also referred to as microbe.

Micropenis
A birth defect in which the penis is extremely small. The maximum stretched length is not greater than .5 standard deviation units (SDU) below the mean for age, and possibly as small as 5.0 SDU below. The diameter is correspondingly small, with extreme hypoplasia of the corpora cavernosa. As compared with a micropenis, the average adult penis's stretched length is 6.6 inches (16.7 cm), with a standard deviation of 0.77 inches ([1.95 cm) (Money, Lehne, and Pierre-Jerome, 1984) an exceptionally small penis that resembles the clitoris in size. A micropenis may carry the urethral tube or may be hypospadiac. Typically, it is formed mostly of skin, the body (corpora cavernosa) of the penis being hypoplastic. The condition is also known as microphallus or penile agenesis.

Microphallus
See micropenis.

Microphthalmus
A congenital problem in which the eye(s) is (are) smaller than normal. Vision is often reduced because other problems present within such an eye. No treatment is available.

Micropsia
The visual perception that objects are smaller than they actually are.

Microscope
A microscope (Greek: micron = small and scopos = aim) is an instrument for viewing objects that are too small to be seen by the naked or unaided eye. The science of investigating small objects using such an instrument is called microscopy, and the term microscopic means minute or very small, not easily visible with the unaided eye. In other words, requiring a microscope to examine.

Microscopy
Investigation of minute objects by means of a microscope.

Microspectrophotometry (MSP)
A procedure that involves the passage of a narrow measuring beam through the outer segments of individual photoreceptors to measure absorbance spectra in excised retinas.

Microsul
Microsul is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): sulfamethizole.

Microvascular Disease
Disease of the smallest blood vessels that sometimes occurs when a person has had diabetes for a long time. The walls of the vessels become abnormally thick but weak, and therefore they bleed, leak protein, and slow the flow of blood through the body. Then some cells, for example, the ones in the center of the eye, may not get enough blood and may be damaged.

Microzide
Microzide is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): hydrochlorothiazide.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Metabolic disorders
Genetic disorders affecting the way food is digested.

Metatarsus valgus
Commonly known as a "duck walk." Generally corrects itself.

Metatarsus varus
Commonly known as "pigeon toed." Generally corrects itself but may need surgery in severe cases.

Microcephaly
A small skull with small cranial capacity. Usually indicates mental retardation.

Micromelia
A birth defect in which arms or legs are abnormally short.

Microsurgery

Midwife
Midwives provide care to women during the process of labor and childbirth, from the prenatal period to after the birth of a baby. Trained to be more holistic and woman-focused in their approach, midwives work with the backup support of a medical doctor.

Milia
Tiny pimples on a newborn's face, usually around the nose or chin, and also sometimes on a baby's torso, arms, and legs. Caused by clogged pores, milia will disappear on their own, usually within a few weeks.

Minerals
Essential elements in a diet needed to maintain health and well being, including calcium, magnesium, and potassium.

Mongolian spot
Large bluish birthmarks, usually on the lower back or buttocks, more common in darker skinned babies. Usually fade or disappear as a baby grows.

Mononucleosis
A viral illness characterized by severe fatigue, swollen glands, sore throat, and fever.

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