Metabolism
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  Metabolism



Metabolism

    The chemical activity that occurs in cells, releasing energy from nutrients, or using energy to create other substances, such as proteins.

RELATED TERMS
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Nutrients
Proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals provided by food and necessary for growth and the maintenance of life.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Meta-analysis
A statistical process for pooling data from many clinical trials to glean a clear answer.

Metabolic disorders
Genetic disorders affecting the way food is digested.

Metabolic Exercise Stress Test (also called metabolic stress test)
A test used to measure the performance of the heart and lungs while they are under physical stress. The test involves walking on a treadmill or pedaling a stationary bike at increasing levels of difficulty, while being closely monitored.

Metabolic Syndrome
A combination of health conditions that place a person at high risk for heart disease. These conditions are type 2 diabetes, hypertension (high blood pressure), hyperlipidemia (high levels of fat in the blood), and obesity. According to theory, all of these conditions are associated with high blood insulin levels, and it is claimed that the underlying problem in patients with the Metabolic Syndrome is faulty insulin release from the beta cells of the pancreas.|Previously called Syndrome X.

Metabolic Syndrome (MS)
A combination of health conditions that place a person at high risk for heart disease. These conditions are type 2 diabetes, hypertension (high blood pressure), hyperlipidemia (high levels of fat in the blood), and obesity. According to theory, all of these conditions are associated with high blood insulin levels, and it is claimed that the underlying problem in patients with the Metabolic Syndrome is faulty insulin release from the beta cells of the pancreas. Previously called Syndrome X.

Metabolite
In the body, a substance that is produced by the body's own chemistries.

Metacarpal
Any of the five bones that make up the hand and join the wrist to the fingers.

Metacarpals
Five long bones of the hand, running from the wrist to the fingers.

Metacarpus
The metacarpus is the intermediate part of the hand skeleton that is located between the fingers distally and the carpus which forms the connection to the forearm. It consists of five cylindrical bones which are numbered from the radial to the ulnar side (ossa metacarpalia I-V); each consists of a body and two extremities.

Metadate cd
Metadate cd is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): methylphenidate hydrochloride.

Metadate er
Metadate er is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): methylphenidate hydrochloride.

Metaglip
Metaglip is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): glipizide; metformin hydrochloride.

Metahydrin
Metahydrin is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): trichlormethiazide.

Metameric stimuli
Two stimuli which despite their physical differences are perceptually indistinguishable.

Metamorphosis
A striking change in appearance, form, or substance.

Metandren
Metandren is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): methyltestosterone.

Metaphase
The stage of eukaryotic cell division (mitosis or meiosis) in which the chromosomes line up at the equator of the cell.

Metaphysis
The wider portion at the end of a long bone where growth occurs in infants and children.

Metaproterenol sulfate
Metaproterenol sulfate is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): metaproterenol sulfate.

Metaraminol bitartrate
Metaraminol bitartrate is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): metaraminol bitartrate.

Metastases
The spread of tumor cells from one part of the body to another unrelated part of the body by the way of the bloodstream or lymphatics.

Metastasis
Refers to a cancer which has spread to other parts of the body.

Metastasize
To spread to another part of the body, usually through the blood vessels, lymph channels, or spinal fluid.

Metastatic
A tumor that has transfered from one organ (or part) to another not directly connected to it.

Metastatic brain tumor
A brain tumor caused by cancer elsewhere in the body spreading to the brain.

Metastron
Metastron is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): strontium chloride, sr-89.

Metatarsal
Any of the five bones of the foot directly jointed to each of the toes.

Metatarsus
The metatarsus consists of the five long bones of the foot, which are numbered from the medial side (ossa metatarsalia I.-V.); each presents for examination a body and two extremities. These are analogous to the metacarpals of the hand.

Metatarsus valgus
Commonly known as a "duck walk." Generally corrects itself.

Metatarsus varus
Commonly known as "pigeon toed." Generally corrects itself but may need surgery in severe cases.

Metatensin No. 2
Metatensin No. 2 is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): reserpine; trichlormethiazide.

Metatensin No. 4
Metatensin No. 4 is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): reserpine; trichlormethiazide.

Metaxalone
Metaxalone is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): metaxalone.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Metaphase
The stage of eukaryotic cell division (mitosis or meiosis) in which the chromosomes line up at the equator of the cell.

Mitochondria
Self-replicating membrane-bound cytoplasmic organelles in most eukaryotic cells that complete the breakdown of glucose. Singular: mitochondrium.

Mitochondrium
Self-replicating membrane-bound cytoplasmic organelles in most eukaryotic cells that complete the breakdown of glucose. Plural: mitochondria.

MRI
Magnetic Resonance Imaging is a diagnostic procedure that uses a combination of large magnets, radiofrequencies, and a computer to produce detailed images of organs and structures within the body.

Magnetic Resonance
Magnetic Resonance Imaging is a diagnostic procedure that uses a combination of large magnets, radiofrequencies, and a computer to produce detailed images of organs and structures within the body.

Metabolism

Macrolide
A group of drugs (typically antibiotics) whose activity stems from the presence of a macrolide ring, a large lactone ring to which one or more deoxy sugars, usually cladinose and desosamine, are attached. The lactone ring can be either 14, 15 or 16-membered. Macrolides belong to the polyketide class of natural products.

Minocycline
Minocycline hydrochloride, also known as minocycline, is an antibiotic of the tetracycline class. It is marketed under several trade names, including Minomycin, and Dynacin. It is primarily used to treat acne.

Medical alarm
An electronic device used to call for help by pressing a medical alarm panic button, a wrist medical alert watch or medical alert necklace or pendant. A medical alarm system includes both hardware and a monitoring service.

Motor Neurone Disease
Motor Neurone Disease (MND) is a term used to cover a number of illnesses of the motor neurone. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), Progressive Muscular Atrophy (PMA), Progressive Bulbar Palsy (PBP) and Progressive Lateral Sclerosis (PLS) are all types of MND. MND is the term used internationally while ALS is often used in the United States (where it is also known as Lou Gehrig's disease) to cover all forms of MND. It was first described by Jean-Martin Charcot, a French neurologist, in 1869.

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