Lobotomy
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  Lobotomy



Lobotomy

   A surgical operation in which a lobe of the brain, especially the frontal lobe of the cerebrum, is cut into or across. This used to be a common procedure to calm selected psychotic patients before the development of modern tranquilizers.

RELATED TERMS
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Lobe
1. The fleshy lower part of the ear. 2. A well-defined portion of an organ.

Brain
"That part of the central nervous system that is located within the cranium (skull). The brain functions as the primary receiver, organizer and distributor of information for the body. It has two (right and left) halves called ""hemispheres."" "

Frontal
In anatomy, pertaining to the forehead. As, for example, the frontal bone, frontal sinus, and frontal nerve.

Cerebrum
Consists of two parts (lobes), left and right, which form the largest and most developed part of the brain; initiation and coordination of all voluntary movement take place within the cerebrum. The basal ganglia are located immediately below the cerebrum.

Psychotic
In the technical sense this term refers to a groups of severe mental illness where the person has periods of loses contact with reality. In a less formal manner, it is used to refer to the condition of having lost contact with reality. The person experiences severe impairment in his/her ability to function. All areas of a person's life are usually effected. Common symptoms: Hallucinations, delusions, withdrawal, impairment of intellectual function, lose of personal care skills.

Development
The process of growth and differentiation.



SIMILAR TERMS
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PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Lipoprotein
Any of a group of proteins combined with a lipid that allow lipids to be transported in the circulatory system.

Litholysis
Breaking up of a stone, such as a gallstone.

Lithotripsy
A procedure to break up kidney stones into smaller pieces that can more easily pass out of the body.

Lobe
1. The fleshy lower part of the ear. 2. A well-defined portion of an organ.

Lobectomy
Surgical removal of the lobe of an organ.

Lobotomy

Lockjaw
Tetanus infection.

Loins
The portion of the back between the rib cage and pelvis.

LSD
Lysergic acid diethylamide. A hallucinogenic drug.

Lumbago
Pain in the lower back.

Lumbar
Having to do with the lower back, the loins.

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