Liver
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  Liver



Liver

    The largest organ in the body. The liver carries out many important functions, such as making bile, changing food into energy, and cleaning alcohol and poisons from the blood.

RELATED TERMS
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Organ
A structural unit of an animal or plant that serves a specific function.

Liver
The largest organ in the body. The liver carries out many important functions, such as making bile, changing food into energy, and cleaning alcohol and poisons from the blood.

Bile
Fluid made by the liver and stored in the gallbladder. Bile helps break down fats and gets rid of wastes in the body.

Food
Any substance eaten to provide nutritional support for the body.

Cleaning
Removal of plaque and calculus (tarter) from teeth, generally above the gum line.

Alcohol
An organic chemical in which one or more hydroxyl (OH) groups are attached to carbon (C) atoms in place of hydrogen (H) atoms. Common alcohols include ethyl alcohol or ethanol (found in alcoholic beverages), methyl alcohol or methanol (can cause blindness) and propyl alcohol or propanol (used as a solvent and antiseptic). Rubbing alcohol is a mixture of acetone, methyl isobutyl ketone, and ethyl alcohol. In everyday talk, alcohol usually refers to ethanol as, for example, in wine, beer, and liquor. It can cause changes in behavior and be addictive.

Blood
The life-maintaining fluid which is made up of plasma, red blood cells (erythrocytes), white blood cells (leukocytes), and platelets; blood circulates through the body's heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries; it carries away waste matter and carbon dioxide, and brings nourishment, electrolytes, hormones, vitamins, antibodies, heat, and oxygen to the tissues.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Livedo reticularis
A 'marbled' appearance of the skin which may occur either as an isolated phenomenon or as part of the antiphospholipid antibody syndrome.

Livengrin Foundations Inc
The Livengrin Foundations Inc is a hospital in Bensalem, Pennsylvania, United States.

Liver enzyme tests
Blood tests that look at how well the liver and biliary system are working. Also called liver function tests.

Liver problems
The organ responsible for producing key proteins and other chemicals which regulate the chemistry of the blood. Potential liver problems range from hepatitis to jaundice.

Liverpool doctors
All doctors near Liverpool, Great Britain. Doctors who can assist a patient in Liverpool.

Liverpool Hospital
The Liverpool Hospital is a hospital in Liverpool, New South Wales, Australia.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Ligaments
Connect the bones and keep joints stable.

Lipid
A fatty substance in the blood.

Llipoproteins
Transporters of fatty substances in the blood.

Liposuction
Type of cosmetic surgery in which localized areas of fat are removed from beneath the skin using a suction-pump device inserted through a small incision.

Lipoproteins
Transporters of fatty substances in the blood.

Liver

Liver enzyme tests
Blood tests that look at how well the liver and biliary system are working. Also called liver function tests.

Low density lipoprotein (LDL)
The main function of LDL is to carry cholesterol to various tissues throughout the body.

Lower back or lumbar spine
A complex structure that connects the upper body to the lower body; consists of vertebrae, disks, spinal cord, and nerves.

Lower esophageal sphincter
The muscle between the esophagus and stomach. When a person swallows, this muscle relaxes to let food pass from the esophagus to the stomach. It stays closed at other times to keep stomach contents from flowing back into the esophagus.

Lower GI series
X-rays of the rectum, colon, and lower part of the small intestine. A barium enema is given first. Barium coats the organs so they will show up on the x-ray. Also called barium enema x-ray.

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