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    One of the paired organs that excrete urine. The kidneys are bean-shaped organs (about 11 cm long, 5 cm wide, and 3 cm thick) lying on either side of the vertebral column, posterior to the peritoneum, about opposite the twelfth thoracic and first three lumbar vertebrae.


To get rid of waste from the body.

The waste fluid secreted by the kidneys, transported by the ureters, stored in the bladder, and voided through the urethra.

At or toward the back.

Strong, smooth, colorless membrane that lines the walls of the abdomen and covers numerous body organs including the bladder.

Pertaining to or affecting the chest.

Having to do with the lower back, the loins.

The bones that make up the spine.


Kidney and urological disorders
Disorders of the system that filters waste and produces urine. Thesedisorders range from mild urinary tract infections to more serious ailments such as renal failure.

Kidney Disease
Any one of several chronic conditions that are caused by damage to the cells of the kidney. People who have had diabetes for a long time may have kidney damage. Also called nephropathy.

Kidney Threshold
The point at which the blood is holding too much of a substance such as glucose (sugar) and the kidneys "spill" the excess sugar into the urine.



Kaposi's sarcoma
A type of cancer characterized by the abnormal growth of blood vessels that develop into skin lesions or occur internally.

Koilonychia is an atrophic deformity of the nails that may be caused by a severe iron deficiency anemia.

Break down product of fat that accumulates in the blood as a result of inadequate insulin or inadequate calorie intake.

Kawasaki Disease
Kawasaki disease, also known as mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome, mucocutaneous lymph node disease, infantile polyarteritis and Kawasaki syndrome, is a poorly-understood illness that affects the mucous membranes, lymph nodes, blood vessel walls, and the heart. It was first described in 1967 by Dr. Tomisaku Kawasaki. Systemic vasculitis of childhood characterised by fever, changes in the extremities culminating in desquamation, red eyes and cervical lymphadenopathy. May lead to the development of coronary arterial aneurysms at a later date.

Klinefelter's Syndrome
Klinefelter's syndrome is a condition caused by a chromosome abnormality in males (specifically, a nondisjunction); sufferers have a pair of X sex chromosomes instead of just one. Human males usually have an XY karyotype. The XXY chromosome arrangement is one of the most common genetic abnormalities, occurring in about 1 in 1,000 male births, but the symptoms that may result from having the extra chromosome are less common.

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