Kidney One of the paired organs that excrete urine. The kidneys are bean-shaped organs (about 11 cm long, 5 cm wide, and 3 cm thick) lying on either side of the vertebral column, posterior to the peritoneum, about opposite the twelfth thoracic and first three lumbar vertebrae.
To get rid of waste from the body.
The waste fluid secreted by the kidneys, transported by the ureters, stored in the bladder, and voided through the urethra.
At or toward the back.
Strong, smooth, colorless membrane that lines the walls of the abdomen and covers numerous body organs including the bladder.
Pertaining to or affecting the chest.
Having to do with the lower back, the loins.
The bones that make up the spine.
Kidney and urological disorders
Disorders of the system that filters waste and produces urine. Thesedisorders range from mild urinary tract infections to more serious ailments such as renal failure.
Any one of several chronic conditions that are caused by damage to the cells of the kidney. People who have had diabetes for a long time may have kidney damage. Also called nephropathy.
The point at which the blood is holding too much of a substance such as glucose (sugar) and the kidneys "spill" the excess sugar into the urine.
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