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   Inserting chemotherapy drugs directly into the abdominal cavity. Intraoperative photodynamic therapy is a new treatment that uses special drugs and light to kill cancer cells. Its use in the early states of mesothelioma in the chest is being studied. Judgement - an official court order deciding the rights or claims of the parties in a legal proceeding.


The use of chemicals (medicines) to treat cancer.

Drugs intended for human or veterinary use, presented in their finished dosage form. Included here are materials used in the preparation and/or formulation of the finished dosage form.

Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the chest and the pelvis. The abdomen is separated anatomically from the chest by the diaphragm, the powerful muscle spanning the body cavity below the lungs. The abdomen includes a host of organs including the stomach, small intestine, colon, rectum, liver, spleen, pancreas, kidneys, appendix, gallbladder, and bladder. The word "abdomen" has a curious story behind it. It comes from the Latin "abdodere", to hide. The idea was that whatever was eaten was hidden in the abdomen.

A hollow place or hole within the body.

Any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division; it may spread to other parts of the body through the lymphatic system or the blood stream.

Malignant spreading tumour of the mesothelium of the pleura, pericardium, or peritoneum, arising as a result of the presence of asbestos fibres. It is diagnostic of exposure to asbestos.

The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains the lungs, the heart and part of the aorta. The walls of the chest are supported by the dorsal vertebrae, the ribs, and the sternum.


Intra-aortic Balloon Pump Assist Device
The intra-aortic balloon pump is a machine that can help the pumping function of the heart. It is usually inserted through an artery in the groin area and threaded backwards into the descending thoracic aorta in the chest. In this location the balloon inflates and deflates in synchrony with the heart in order to aid the blood pumping function of the heart in patients with cardiac disease.

Injection into an artery (that may supply a tumor).

Intracardiac Tumor
An Intracardiac Tumor can be any tumor of the heart, either malignant or benign. The most common tumor of the heart is a benign atrial myxoma.

Within cells.

Located within the cerebral hemispheres (cerebrum). See extracerebral.

Intracerebral haemorrhage
Haemorrhage within the brain.

Within the skull.

Intracutan test
Intracutan tests are used to diagnose allergies. A small amount of allergen extract is injected under the skin on your arm. If the area becomes itchy, reddish and swelling you may have an allergy.

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection
An assisted reproductive method in which a sperm is injected directly into an unfertilized egg with a microscopic needle; this procedure is used in cases of severe male factor infertility.

Within the skin.

Beneath the dura mater.

Intralipid 10 per cent
Intralipid 10 per cent is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): soybean oil.

Intralipid 20 per cent
Intralipid 20 per cent is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): soybean oil.

Intralipid 30 per cent
Intralipid 30 per cent is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): soybean oil.

Intra (within) muscular (muscle) techniques are ways to put medication into the body, by injecting it into a muscle. This is designed for drugs that need to be absorbed slowly. A classic example is a tetanus shot.

Intramuscular Injection
Putting a fluid into a muscle with a needle and syringe.

Intraoral camera
A smal video camera used to view and magnify oral conditions; images may be printed.

Intrapartal care
Care for a pregnant woman through labor.

Inserting chemotherapy drugs directly into the chest cavity.

Intrarater reliability
The property of yielding equivalent results when used by the same rater on different occasions.

Injection into the sub-arachnoid space of the meninges. Usually done by lumbar puncture.

Injection into a tumor (usually performed during surgery).

Within the womb.

Intrauterine device
A small engineered piece of plastic or metal placed in a woman's uterus to prevent fertilization.

Intrauterine growth retardation
Slow growth of a fetus in the womb possibly resulting in a low birth weight baby.

Intrauterine insemination
Treatment for infertility in which semen is introduced into the uterus via a slim tube inserted through the vagina.

Inside a blood vessel.

Intravascular echocardiography
Echocardiography and cardiac catheterization.

Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)
An invasive procedure, performed along with cardiac catheterization; a miniature sound probe (transducer) on the tip of a coronary catheter is threaded through the coronary arteries and, using high-frequency sound waves, produces detailed images of the interior walls of the arteries.

Introducing a fluid into the bloodstream through a vein (usually in the patient's forearm).

Intravenous (IV)
Delivery of drugs, fluids or food directly into a vein.

Intravenous Injection
Putting a fluid into a vein with a needle and syringe.

Injection into a ventricle.

Intraventricular hemorrhage
Bleeding into the ventricles or the brain, common in premature infants.

Intrinsic asthma
Asthma that has no apparent external cause.

Pertaining to a sensory organ that registers information from within the body.

The insertion of one part into another; in sexual intercourse, the insertion of the penis into the vagina.

A segment of DNA that does not code for protein; the intervening sequence of nucleotides between coding sequences or exons.

Intron a
Intron a is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): interferon alfa-2b.

Intropin is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): dopamine hydrochloride.

Self-observation; examination of one's feelings, often as a result of psychotherapy.

Preoccupation with oneself and accompanying reduction of interest in the outside world. Contrast to extraversion.


Reduction of blood supply - to brain, heart or other cells.

Ischaemic stroke
A stroke caused by a cerebral infarct, classified by arterial distribution: total anterior circulation infarct (TACI), partial anterior circulation infarct (PACI), posterior circulation infarct (POCI) and lacunar infarct (LACI).

Imaging tests
Takes pictures of the lungs and can detect problems such as a mass, an infection, air in the pleural space. Visual imaging tests include; chest x-rays, CTs (computed tomography).

Immunohistochemical staining
A laboratory process of detecting an organism in tissues with antibodies. These antibodies are labeled with a compound that is seen as a colored deposit when viewed microscopically. In general, mesotheliomas require immunohistochemical confirmation before legal measures are initiated.

Inserting chemotherapy drugs directly into the chest cavity.


Invasive cancer
Cancer that has spread beyond the area where it first developed to involve other tissues.

I Ching (I Ging, Yi King, Book of Change, Book of Changes, Book of Metamorphoses)
Chinese book of ancient origin that is considered a means of fortunetelling. It is part of the canon of Confucianism, the quasireligious philosophy that dominated China until the early twentieth century. "I Ching" combines two Mandarin words|yi, which means "divination," and jing, which means "classic" or "book." The I Ching features sixty-four hexagrams--drawings consisting of six lines each--which symbolize supposedly quintessential conditions, such as happiness, humility, innocence, and tranquillity.

In healthcare, any attempt (particularly one that is professional), or mode of attempting, to modify a medical situation.

Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT)
Blood glucose (sugar) levels higher than normal but not high enough to be called diabetes. People with IGT may or may not develop diabetes. Other names (no longer used) for IGT are "borderline," "subclinical," "chemical," or "latent" diabetes.

Implantable Insulin Pump
A small pump placed inside of the body that delivers insulin in response to commands from a hand-held device called a programmer.

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