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    Intra (within) muscular (muscle) techniques are ways to put medication into the body, by injecting it into a muscle. This is designed for drugs that need to be absorbed slowly. A classic example is a tetanus shot.


Tissue made up of bundles of long, slender cells that contract when stimulated.

Drugs intended for human or veterinary use, presented in their finished dosage form. Included here are materials used in the preparation and/or formulation of the finished dosage form.

An acute, life-threatening illness caused by a toxin (tetanospasmin) produced in infected wounds by the bacillus Clostridium tetani. The disease is marked by extreme muscular rigidity, violent muscle spasms, and often, respiratory and autonomic failure.


Intra-aortic Balloon Pump Assist Device
The intra-aortic balloon pump is a machine that can help the pumping function of the heart. It is usually inserted through an artery in the groin area and threaded backwards into the descending thoracic aorta in the chest. In this location the balloon inflates and deflates in synchrony with the heart in order to aid the blood pumping function of the heart in patients with cardiac disease.

Injection into an artery (that may supply a tumor).

Intracardiac Tumor
An Intracardiac Tumor can be any tumor of the heart, either malignant or benign. The most common tumor of the heart is a benign atrial myxoma.

Within cells.

Located within the cerebral hemispheres (cerebrum). See extracerebral.

Intracerebral haemorrhage
Haemorrhage within the brain.

Within the skull.

Intracutan test
Intracutan tests are used to diagnose allergies. A small amount of allergen extract is injected under the skin on your arm. If the area becomes itchy, reddish and swelling you may have an allergy.

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection
An assisted reproductive method in which a sperm is injected directly into an unfertilized egg with a microscopic needle; this procedure is used in cases of severe male factor infertility.

Within the skin.

Beneath the dura mater.

Intralipid 10 per cent
Intralipid 10 per cent is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): soybean oil.

Intralipid 20 per cent
Intralipid 20 per cent is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): soybean oil.

Intralipid 30 per cent
Intralipid 30 per cent is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): soybean oil.

Intramuscular Injection
Putting a fluid into a muscle with a needle and syringe.

Intraoral camera
A smal video camera used to view and magnify oral conditions; images may be printed.

Intrapartal care
Care for a pregnant woman through labor.

Inserting chemotherapy drugs directly into the abdominal cavity. Intraoperative photodynamic therapy is a new treatment that uses special drugs and light to kill cancer cells. Its use in the early states of mesothelioma in the chest is being studied. Judgement - an official court order deciding the rights or claims of the parties in a legal proceeding.

Inserting chemotherapy drugs directly into the chest cavity.

Intrarater reliability
The property of yielding equivalent results when used by the same rater on different occasions.

Injection into the sub-arachnoid space of the meninges. Usually done by lumbar puncture.

Injection into a tumor (usually performed during surgery).

Within the womb.

Intrauterine device
A small engineered piece of plastic or metal placed in a woman's uterus to prevent fertilization.

Intrauterine growth retardation
Slow growth of a fetus in the womb possibly resulting in a low birth weight baby.

Intrauterine insemination
Treatment for infertility in which semen is introduced into the uterus via a slim tube inserted through the vagina.

Inside a blood vessel.

Intravascular echocardiography
Echocardiography and cardiac catheterization.

Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)
An invasive procedure, performed along with cardiac catheterization; a miniature sound probe (transducer) on the tip of a coronary catheter is threaded through the coronary arteries and, using high-frequency sound waves, produces detailed images of the interior walls of the arteries.

Introducing a fluid into the bloodstream through a vein (usually in the patient's forearm).

Intravenous (IV)
Delivery of drugs, fluids or food directly into a vein.

Intravenous Injection
Putting a fluid into a vein with a needle and syringe.

Injection into a ventricle.

Intraventricular hemorrhage
Bleeding into the ventricles or the brain, common in premature infants.

Intrinsic asthma
Asthma that has no apparent external cause.

Pertaining to a sensory organ that registers information from within the body.

The insertion of one part into another; in sexual intercourse, the insertion of the penis into the vagina.

A segment of DNA that does not code for protein; the intervening sequence of nucleotides between coding sequences or exons.

Intron a
Intron a is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): interferon alfa-2b.

Intropin is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): dopamine hydrochloride.

Self-observation; examination of one's feelings, often as a result of psychotherapy.

Preoccupation with oneself and accompanying reduction of interest in the outside world. Contrast to extraversion.


A defense mechanism operating unconsciously central to obsessive-compulsive phenomena in which the affect is detached from an idea and rendered unconscious, leaving the conscious idea colorless and emotionally neutral.

Instrumental conditioning
A process by which the results of the person's behavior determine whether the behavior is more or less likely to occur in the future.

See Intramuscular.

The anatomical term for "below". i.e. the neck is inferior to the head. Typically used in humans only. See Cranial/Caudal/Superior.

This is the technique of inserting an endotracheal tube. It is performed by ACLS personnel.


Invasive Techniques
Any set of techniques that penetrates the body or is done within a body cavity beyond the line of sight. Examples would be putting in an IV catheter or looking down a throat with an endoscope.

See Intravenous.

Induced abortion
An abortion that is brought about intentionally. Also called an artificial or therapeutic abortion. As opposed to a spontaneous abortion (a miscarriage).

An inherited skin disorder that produces dry, rough, scaly skin.

Lack of movement of digested food and juices through the gastrointestinal tract. May be due to a blockage of the intestine.

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