Intracutan test
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  Intracutan test



Intracutan test

    Intracutan tests are used to diagnose allergies. A small amount of allergen extract is injected under the skin on your arm. If the area becomes itchy, reddish and swelling you may have an allergy.

RELATED TERMS
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Diagnose
To identify a disease.

Allergies
Altered reactivity to an antigen, which can result in pathologic reactions upon subsequent exposure to that particular antigen.

Allergen
An antigen responsible for producing allergic reactions by inducing IgE formation.

Skin
Skin is an organ of the integumentary system; which is composed of a layer of tissues that protect underlying muscles and organs. Skin is used for insulation, vitamin D production, sensation, and excretion (through sweat).

Arm
"1. In popular usage, the appendage that extends from the shoulder to the hand. However, the medical definition refers to the upper extremity extending from the shoulder only to the elbow, excluding the forearm, which extends from the elbow to the wrist. The arm contains one bone: the humerus. 2. In a randomized clinical trial, any of the treatment groups. Most randomized trials have two ""arms,"" but some have three ""arms,"" or even more."



SIMILAR TERMS
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Intra-aortic Balloon Pump Assist Device
The intra-aortic balloon pump is a machine that can help the pumping function of the heart. It is usually inserted through an artery in the groin area and threaded backwards into the descending thoracic aorta in the chest. In this location the balloon inflates and deflates in synchrony with the heart in order to aid the blood pumping function of the heart in patients with cardiac disease.

Intra-arterial
Injection into an artery (that may supply a tumor).

Intracardiac Tumor
An Intracardiac Tumor can be any tumor of the heart, either malignant or benign. The most common tumor of the heart is a benign atrial myxoma.

Intracellular
Within cells.

Intracerebral
Located within the cerebral hemispheres (cerebrum). See extracerebral.

Intracerebral haemorrhage
Haemorrhage within the brain.

Intracranial
Within the skull.

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection
An assisted reproductive method in which a sperm is injected directly into an unfertilized egg with a microscopic needle; this procedure is used in cases of severe male factor infertility.

Intradermal
Within the skin.

Intradural
Beneath the dura mater.

Intralipid 10 per cent
Intralipid 10 per cent is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): soybean oil.

Intralipid 20 per cent
Intralipid 20 per cent is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): soybean oil.

Intralipid 30 per cent
Intralipid 30 per cent is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): soybean oil.

Intramuscular
Intra (within) muscular (muscle) techniques are ways to put medication into the body, by injecting it into a muscle. This is designed for drugs that need to be absorbed slowly. A classic example is a tetanus shot.

Intramuscular Injection
Putting a fluid into a muscle with a needle and syringe.

Intraoral camera
A smal video camera used to view and magnify oral conditions; images may be printed.

Intrapartal care
Care for a pregnant woman through labor.

Intraperitoneally
Inserting chemotherapy drugs directly into the abdominal cavity. Intraoperative photodynamic therapy is a new treatment that uses special drugs and light to kill cancer cells. Its use in the early states of mesothelioma in the chest is being studied. Judgement - an official court order deciding the rights or claims of the parties in a legal proceeding.

Intrapleurally
Inserting chemotherapy drugs directly into the chest cavity.

Intrarater reliability
The property of yielding equivalent results when used by the same rater on different occasions.

Intrathecal
Injection into the sub-arachnoid space of the meninges. Usually done by lumbar puncture.

Intratumoral
Injection into a tumor (usually performed during surgery).

Intrauterine
Within the womb.

Intrauterine device
A small engineered piece of plastic or metal placed in a woman's uterus to prevent fertilization.

Intrauterine growth retardation
Slow growth of a fetus in the womb possibly resulting in a low birth weight baby.

Intrauterine insemination
Treatment for infertility in which semen is introduced into the uterus via a slim tube inserted through the vagina.

Intravascular
Inside a blood vessel.

Intravascular echocardiography
Echocardiography and cardiac catheterization.

Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)
An invasive procedure, performed along with cardiac catheterization; a miniature sound probe (transducer) on the tip of a coronary catheter is threaded through the coronary arteries and, using high-frequency sound waves, produces detailed images of the interior walls of the arteries.

Intravenous
Introducing a fluid into the bloodstream through a vein (usually in the patient's forearm).

Intravenous (IV)
Delivery of drugs, fluids or food directly into a vein.

Intravenous Injection
Putting a fluid into a vein with a needle and syringe.

Intraventricular
Injection into a ventricle.

Intraventricular hemorrhage
Bleeding into the ventricles or the brain, common in premature infants.

Intrinsic asthma
Asthma that has no apparent external cause.

Introceptive
Pertaining to a sensory organ that registers information from within the body.

Intromission
The insertion of one part into another; in sexual intercourse, the insertion of the penis into the vagina.

Intron
A segment of DNA that does not code for protein; the intervening sequence of nucleotides between coding sequences or exons.

Intron a
Intron a is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): interferon alfa-2b.

Intropin
Intropin is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): dopamine hydrochloride.

Introspection
Self-observation; examination of one's feelings, often as a result of psychotherapy.

Introversion
Preoccupation with oneself and accompanying reduction of interest in the outside world. Contrast to extraversion.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Ischemic colitis
Decreased blood flow to the colon, which causes fever, pain, and bloody diarrhea.

Ischemic heart disease
Coronary artery disease or coronary heart disease caused by narrowing of the coronary arteries and decreased blood flow to the heart.

IgE
IgE ( Immuno globulin E) is the antibody produced in excess in allergic patients. IgE can be measured in a blood sample to determine if a person is allergic. Allergic people usually have high levels of IgE.

Immuno globulin E
Immuno globulin E is the antibody produced in excess in allergic patients. IgE can be measured in a blood sample to determine if a person is allergic. Allergic people usually have high levels of IgE.

Inflammation
A reaction to an injury to the body - by infection, chemicals or physical agents. The symptoms can be - depending on the location of the injury- redness, swelling, heat and pain. The purpose of the inflammation is to dilute and destroy the agent causing the inflammation. To do this, the immune system starts a cascade of actions that causes active cells to gather at the affected location. It is these cells and fluids that cause the redness, swelling, heat and pain.

Intracutan test

Implantation
The process by which an embryo becomes attached to the inside of the uterus (7-14 days in humans).

In utero
Latin: literally, "in the uterus."

Informed consent
A process in which a patient gives written consent (agreement) to undergo a medical procedure after having been provided with information about the nature of the procedure, risks, potential benefits, alternatives, and so on by his or her doctor.

Inner cell mass
The cluster of cells inside the blastocyst. Before implantation, these can give rise to embryonic stem cell lines. After implantation, the inner cell mass gives rise to all the tissues of the fetus, as well as some of the membranes around it.

Institutional review board (IRB)
An administrative body in an institution (such as a hospital or university) established to protect the rights and welfare of human research subjects recruited to participate in research activities conducted under the auspices of that institution. The IRB has the authority to approve, require modifications in, or disapprove research activities in its jurisdiction, as specified by both federal regulations and local institutional policy.

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