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   In healthcare, any attempt (particularly one that is professional), or mode of attempting, to modify a medical situation.


The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.

The most frequently occurring value in a data set.

Pertaining to Medicine.


Integrated Health Service
The Integrated Health Service is a hospital in Erie, Pennsylvania, United States.

Integrated Health Services
The Integrated Health Services is a hospital in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania, United States.

The useful organization and incorporation of both new and old data, experience, and emotional capacities into the personality. Also refers to the organization and amalgamation of functions at various levels of psychosexual development.

Integrilin is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): eptifibatide.

Family of glycoproteins involved in connecting the cytoskeleton to the extracellular environment.

INTEGRIS Baptist Regional Health Center
INTEGRIS Baptist Regional Health Center is a hospital in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (USA).

INTEGRIS Bass Baptist Health Center
INTEGRIS Bass Baptist Health Center is a hospital in Enid, Oklahoma (USA).

INTEGRIS Blackwell Regional Hospital
INTEGRIS Blackwell Regional Hospital is a hospital in Blackwell, Oklahoma (USA).

INTEGRIS Clinton Regional Hospital
INTEGRIS Clinton Regional Hospital is a hospital in Clinton, Oklahoma (USA).

INTEGRIS Grove General Hospital
INTEGRIS Grove General Hospital is a hospital in Grove, Oklahoma (USA).

INTEGRIS Health is a hospital in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (USA).

INTEGRIS Marshall Memorial Hospital
INTEGRIS Marshall Memorial Hospital is a hospital in Madill, Oklahoma (USA).


A mental mechanism in which the person engages in excessive abstract thinking to avoid confrontation with conflicts or disturbing feelings.

Intensive care unit
A department of a hospital where an individual can be constantly and closely monitored.

Intensive Care Unit (ICU)
A special nursing area devoted to providing continuous and immediate care to seriously ill patients.

Intensive Management
A form of treatment for insulin-dependent diabetes in which the main objective is to keep blood glucose (sugar) levels as close to the normal range as possible. The treatment consists of three or more insulin injections a day or use of an insulin pump; four or more blood glucose tests a day; adjustment of insulin, food intake, and activity levels based on blood glucose test results; dietary counseling; and management by a diabetes team.

Intention-to-treat principle
The principle that asserts that the effect of a treatment policy can be best assessed by evaluating, on the basis of the intention to treat a subject (that is, the planned treatment regimen) rather than the actual treatment given. It has the consequence that subjects allocated to a treatment group should be followed up, assessed and analysed as members of that group irrespective of their compliance to the planned course of treatment.

Interaction (qualitative and quantitative)
The situation in which a treatment contrast (for example, difference between investigational product and control) is dependent on another factor (for example, centre). A quantitative interaction refers to the case where the magnitude of the contrast differs at the different levels of the factor, whereas for a qualitative interaction the direction of the contrast differs for at least one level of the factor.

In the armpit, or between the upper arm and lateral chest.

Intercalated zones
Areas of cells falling between the parvocellular and magnocellular layers.

Between two cells.

Connection or interaction between people. In sexual intercourse, the connection is usually defined as being between two people. It is erroneously restricted to putting the penis into the vagina (or anus) or the vagina (or anus) onto the penis (penovaginal or penoanal intercourse, respectively). The entire sexual interaction between the partners constitutes sexual intercourse. 2. Connection or interaction between people. In sexual intercourse, the connection is usually defined as being between two people. It is erroneously defined as putting the penis into the vagina (penovaginal intercourse), for the entire sexual interaction between the partners constitutes sexual intercourse.

Between the thighs.

A group of proteins having antiviral activity and capable of enhancing and modifying the immune response.

Pertaining to the interval between epileptic seizures and seizure-like attacks.

Interim analysis
Any analysis intended to compare treatment arms with respect to efficacy or safety at any time prior to the formal completion of a trial, usually only completed in blinded trials, for a DMC review.

Interim clinical trial/study report
A report of intermediate results and their evaluation based on analyses performed during the course of a trial, usually prepared for review by DMC.

A family of cytokines produced by leucocytes

Between the breasts.

Intermittent Claudication
Pain in the muscles of the leg that occurs off and on, usually while walking or exercising, and results in lameness (claudication). The pain results from a narrowing of the blood vessels feeding the muscle. Drugs are available to treat this condition.

Intermountain Healthcare
Intermountain Healthcare is a hospital in Salt Lake City, Utah (USA).

Intermountain Shriners Hospital
The Intermountain Shriners Hospital is a hospital in Salt Lake City, Utah, United States.

A medical doctor who has completed medical school and is in the first year of additional training.

Internal consistency
A property of data that does not contradict itself.

Internal image
A spatial configuration of the combining site of an anti-idiotype antibody which resembles the epitope to which the idiotype is directed.

Internal Medicine
A broad-based medical field in which physicians rely on their knowledge of major organs to diagnose and treat patients. Internists treat a variety of afflictions, from colds and heart problems to infectious diseases. Internists often serve as a patient's primary doctor, coordinating all that person's health care

Internal medicine doctor
A medical doctor who specializes in Internal medicine.

International Hospital
The International Hospital is a hospital in Yesilkoy, Istanbul, Turkey.

An advanced student or graduate in medicine gaining supervised practical experience.

Space between upper and lower teeth.

Interocular motion display
A motion display in which the motion stimulus in each eye of the observer is ambiguous, yet perception of coherent motion is possible if the subject combines motion information from both the eyes.

Surfaces of adjoining teeth

Interrater reliability
The property of yielding equivalent results when used by different raters on different occasions.

Intersex condition
A condition in which an individual shows intermingling, in various degrees, of the characteristics of each sex, including physical form, reproductive organs, and sexual behavior.

An alternative term for hermaphroditism. In past usage, a genetic etiology was sometimes assumed for intersexuality, and a hormonal etiology for hermaphroditism, but the distinction is now known to be untenable.

Interstitial radiation therapy
The implantation of radioactive seeds directly into a tumor.

Interstitial space
The space between the endothelial cells and target cells, such as the liver or the smooth muscle cells that line the vascular bed.

Intestinal flora
The bacteria, yeasts, and fungi that grow normally in the intestines.

Intestinal mucosa
The surface lining of the intestines where the cells absorb nutrients.

The tube involved in digestion and extending from the stomach to the anus. Consists of the small intestine and the large intestine.

See large intestine and small intestine. Also called gut.


Immunohistochemical staining
A laboratory process of detecting an organism in tissues with antibodies. These antibodies are labeled with a compound that is seen as a colored deposit when viewed microscopically. In general, mesotheliomas require immunohistochemical confirmation before legal measures are initiated.

Inserting chemotherapy drugs directly into the chest cavity.

Inserting chemotherapy drugs directly into the abdominal cavity. Intraoperative photodynamic therapy is a new treatment that uses special drugs and light to kill cancer cells. Its use in the early states of mesothelioma in the chest is being studied. Judgement - an official court order deciding the rights or claims of the parties in a legal proceeding.

Invasive cancer
Cancer that has spread beyond the area where it first developed to involve other tissues.

I Ching (I Ging, Yi King, Book of Change, Book of Changes, Book of Metamorphoses)
Chinese book of ancient origin that is considered a means of fortunetelling. It is part of the canon of Confucianism, the quasireligious philosophy that dominated China until the early twentieth century. "I Ching" combines two Mandarin words|yi, which means "divination," and jing, which means "classic" or "book." The I Ching features sixty-four hexagrams--drawings consisting of six lines each--which symbolize supposedly quintessential conditions, such as happiness, humility, innocence, and tranquillity.


Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT)
Blood glucose (sugar) levels higher than normal but not high enough to be called diabetes. People with IGT may or may not develop diabetes. Other names (no longer used) for IGT are "borderline," "subclinical," "chemical," or "latent" diabetes.

Implantable Insulin Pump
A small pump placed inside of the body that delivers insulin in response to commands from a hand-held device called a programmer.

Taking food, water, or medicine into the body by mouth.

Injection Sites
Places on the body where people can inject insulin most easily. These are:

Injection Site Rotation
Changing the places on the body where a person injects insulin. Changing the injection site keeps lumps or small dents from forming in the skin. These lumps or dents are called lipodystrophies. However, people should try to use the same body area for injections that are given at the same time each day-for example, always using the stomach for the morning injection or an arm for the evening injection. Using the same body area for these routine injections lessens the possibility of changes in the timing and action of insulin.

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