Impairment
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  Impairment



Impairment

   A defect in organ function or whole body system, which may be temporary or permanent (eg. hemiplegia).

RELATED TERMS
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Organ
A structural unit of an animal or plant that serves a specific function.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Impact Seizure
Recurrent seizures causally related to CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA. Seizure onset may be immediate but is typically delayed for several days after the injury and may not occur for up to two years. The majority of seizures have a focal onset that correlates clinically with the site of brain injury. Cerebral cortex injuries caused by a penetrating foreign object (CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA, PENETRATING) are more likely than closed head injuries (HEAD INJURIES, CLOSED) to be associated with epilepsy. Concussive convulsions are nonepileptic phenomena that occur immediately after head injury and are characterized by tonic and clonic movements. (From Rev Neurol 1998 Feb;26(150):256-261; Sports Med 1998 Feb;25(2):131-6)

Impact Seizures
Recurrent seizures causally related to CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA. Seizure onset may be immediate but is typically delayed for several days after the injury and may not occur for up to two years. The majority of seizures have a focal onset that correlates clinically with the site of brain injury. Cerebral cortex injuries caused by a penetrating foreign object (CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA, PENETRATING) are more likely than closed head injuries (HEAD INJURIES, CLOSED) to be associated with epilepsy. Concussive convulsions are nonepileptic phenomena that occur immediately after head injury and are characterized by tonic and clonic movements. (From Rev Neurol 1998 Feb;26(150):256-261; Sports Med 1998 Feb;25(2):131-6)

Impact, Demographic
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.

Impact, Environmental
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.

Impact, Social
Social process whereby the values, attitudes, or institutions of society, such as education, family, religion, and industry become modified. It includes both the natural process and action programs initiated by members of the community.

Impacted Feces
A large firm mass of stool formed in the rectum or distal colon.

Impacted Teeth
A tooth that is prevented from erupting by a physical barrier, usually other teeth. Impaction may also result from orientation of the tooth in an other than vertical position in the periodontal structures.

Impacted Tooth
A tooth that is prevented from erupting by a physical barrier, usually other teeth. Impaction may also result from orientation of the tooth in an other than vertical position in the periodontal structures.

Impaction
Partial or completely unexposed tooth that is wedged against another tooth, bone, or soft tissue, precluding the eruption process

Impacts, Demographic
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.

Impacts, Environmental
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.

Impacts, Social
Social process whereby the values, attitudes, or institutions of society, such as education, family, religion, and industry become modified. It includes both the natural process and action programs initiated by members of the community.

Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT)
Blood glucose (sugar) levels higher than normal but not high enough to be called diabetes. People with IGT may or may not develop diabetes. Other names (no longer used) for IGT are "borderline," "subclinical," "chemical," or "latent" diabetes.

Impaired Parents Offspring
A child of one or more parents afflicted by an organic, psychiatric, or behavioral disorder. Articles on this subject tend to focus on the child from the social, behavioral, or psychological viewpoint, rather than the genetic.

Impaired Parents Offsprings
A child of one or more parents afflicted by an organic, psychiatric, or behavioral disorder. Articles on this subject tend to focus on the child from the social, behavioral, or psychological viewpoint, rather than the genetic.

Impaired Person, Visually
Persons with loss of vision such that there is an impact on activities of daily living.

Impaired Persons, Visually
Persons with loss of vision such that there is an impact on activities of daily living.

Impaired Sensation
Absent or reduced sensitivity to cutaneous stimulation.

Impaired Sensations
Absent or reduced sensitivity to cutaneous stimulation.

Impairment, Coordination
Impairment of the ability to perform smoothly coordinated voluntary movements. This condition may affect the limbs, trunk, eyes, pharnyx, larnyx, and other structures. Ataxia may result from impaired sensory or motor function. Sensory ataxia may result from posterior column injury or PERIPHERAL NERVE DISEASES. Motor ataxia may be associated with CEREBELLAR DISEASES; CEREBRAL CORTEX diseases; THALAMIC DISEASES; BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES; injury to the RED NUCLEUS; and other conditions.

Impairment, Hearing
A general term for the complete or partial loss of the ability to hear from one or both ears. Deafness may result from EAR DISEASES; VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE DISEASES; or BRAIN DISEASES.

Impairment, Light Touch Sensation
Disorders of sensory information received from superficial and deep regions of the body. The somatosensory system conveys neural impulses which pertain to proprioception, tactile sensation, thermal sensation, pressure sensation, and pain. PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; SPINAL CORD DISEASES; and BRAIN DISEASES may be associated with impaired or abnormal somatic sensation.

Impairment, Phonological
Disorders of the quality of speech characterized by the substitution, omission, distortion, and addition of phonemes.

Impairment, Phonology
Disorders of the quality of speech characterized by the substitution, omission, distortion, and addition of phonemes.

Impairment, Professional
The inability of a health professional to provide proper professional care of patients due to his or her physical and/or mental disability.

Impairment, Psychomotor
Abnormalities of motor function that are associated with organic and non-organic cognitive disorders.

Impairments, Coordination
Impairment of the ability to perform smoothly coordinated voluntary movements. This condition may affect the limbs, trunk, eyes, pharnyx, larnyx, and other structures. Ataxia may result from impaired sensory or motor function. Sensory ataxia may result from posterior column injury or PERIPHERAL NERVE DISEASES. Motor ataxia may be associated with CEREBELLAR DISEASES; CEREBRAL CORTEX diseases; THALAMIC DISEASES; BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES; injury to the RED NUCLEUS; and other conditions.

Impairments, Hearing
A general term for the complete or partial loss of the ability to hear from one or both ears. Deafness may result from EAR DISEASES; VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE DISEASES; or BRAIN DISEASES.

Impairments, Phonological
Disorders of the quality of speech characterized by the substitution, omission, distortion, and addition of phonemes.

Impairments, Phonology
Disorders of the quality of speech characterized by the substitution, omission, distortion, and addition of phonemes.

Impairments, Professional
The inability of a health professional to provide proper professional care of patients due to his or her physical and/or mental disability.

Impairments, Psychomotor
Abnormalities of motor function that are associated with organic and non-organic cognitive disorders.

Impatiens
A plant genus of the family BALSAMINACEAE, order Geraniales.

Impatiens balsamina
A plant genus of the family BALSAMINACEAE, order Geraniales.

Impatiens necrotic spot virus
A genus of plant viruses in the family BUNYAVIRIDAE. Tomato spotted wilt virus is the type species. Transmission occurs by at least nine species of thrips.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Intratumoral
Injection into a tumor (usually performed during surgery).

Intraventricular
Injection into a ventricle.

Irradiation
Treatment by ionizing radiation, such as x-rays, or radioactive sources such as radioactive iodine seeds. See radiation therapy.

Intern
A medical doctor who has completed medical school and is in the first year of additional training.

Immunoassay
Detection and assay of substances by serological (immunological) methods; in most applications the substance in question serves as antigen, both in antibody production and in measurement of antibody by the test substance.

Impairment

Inclusion criteria
The criteria that prospective subjects must meet to be eligible for participation in a study. See also exclusion criteria, admission criteria.

Independent Data Monitoring Committee (IDMC)
An independent committee that may be established by the study investigators to assess at intervals the progress of a ongoing blinded clinical trial, the safety data, and the critical efficacy endpoints, and to recommend whether to continue, modify or stop a trial. See also Data and Safety Monitoring Board, Monitoring Committee, Data Monitoring.

Institution (medical)
Any public or private entity or agency or medical or dental facility where clinical trials are conducted.

Instrumental activities of daily living (IADL)
Activities that are essential if a person is to live independently, eg. use of a telephone or public transportation, housework, cooking, financial management. See also activities of daily living (ADLs).

Intention-to-treat principle
The principle that asserts that the effect of a treatment policy can be best assessed by evaluating, on the basis of the intention to treat a subject (that is, the planned treatment regimen) rather than the actual treatment given. It has the consequence that subjects allocated to a treatment group should be followed up, assessed and analysed as members of that group irrespective of their compliance to the planned course of treatment.

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