Human Herpes Virus 4 Infections
Health dictionary
Untitled Document
Search :      

Art dictionary
Financial dictionary
Hollywood dictionary
Insurance dictionary
Literature dictionary
Real Estate dictionary
Tourism dictionary

 
  Human Herpes Virus 4 Infections



Human Herpes Virus 4 Infections

   Infection with human herpesvirus 4 (HERPESVIRUS 4, HUMAN); which may facilitate the development of various lymphoproliferative disorders. These include BURKITT LYMPHOMA (African type), INFECTIOUS MONONUCLEOSIS, and oral hairy leukoplakia (LEUKOPLAKIA, HAIRY).

RELATED TERMS
--------------------------------------

Infection


Development
The process of growth and differentiation.

LYMPHOMA
Cancer of the lymphoid tissues. Lymphomas are often described as being large cell or small cell types, cleaved or non-cleaved, or diffuse or nodular. The different types often have different prognoses. Lymphomas can also be referred to by the organs where they are active, such as CNS lymphomas, which are in the central nervous system, and GI lymphomas, which are in the gastrointestinal tract. The types of lymphomas most commonly associated with HIV infection are called non-Hodgkin's lymphomas or B cell lymphomas. In these types of cancers, certain cells of the lymphatic.

MONONUCLEOSIS
A viral illness characterized by severe fatigue, swollen glands, sore throat, and fever.

Oral
Of or involving the mouth or mouth region or the surface on which the mouth is located.

Leukoplakia
Thick, white patches in the mouth that may become malignant.



SIMILAR TERMS
--------------------------------------

Humalog
Humalog is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): insulin lispro recombinant.

Humalog mix 50-50
Humalog mix 50-50 is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): insulin lispro protamine recombinant; insulin lispro recombinant.

Humalog mix 75-25
Humalog mix 75-25 is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): insulin lispro protamine recombinant; insulin lispro recombinant.

Humalog pen
Humalog pen is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): insulin lispro recombinant.

Human 4F2 Antigen
A heterodimeric protein that is a cell surface antigen associated with lymphocyte activation. The initial characterization of this protein revealed one identifiable heavy chain (CD98 HEAVY CHAIN) and an indeterminate smaller light chain. It is now known that a variety of light chain subunits (CD98 LIGHT CHAINS) can dimerize with the heavy chain. Depending upon its light chain composition a diverse array of functions can be found for this protein. Functions include: type L amino acid transport, type y+L amino acid transport and regulation of cellular fusion.

Human 4F2 Cell Surface Antigen
A heterodimeric protein that is a cell surface antigen associated with lymphocyte activation. The initial characterization of this protein revealed one identifiable heavy chain (CD98 HEAVY CHAIN) and an indeterminate smaller light chain. It is now known that a variety of light chain subunits (CD98 LIGHT CHAINS) can dimerize with the heavy chain. Depending upon its light chain composition a diverse array of functions can be found for this protein. Functions include: type L amino acid transport, type y+L amino acid transport and regulation of cellular fusion.

Human 4F2 Cell-Surface Antigen
A heterodimeric protein that is a cell surface antigen associated with lymphocyte activation. The initial characterization of this protein revealed one identifiable heavy chain (CD98 HEAVY CHAIN) and an indeterminate smaller light chain. It is now known that a variety of light chain subunits (CD98 LIGHT CHAINS) can dimerize with the heavy chain. Depending upon its light chain composition a diverse array of functions can be found for this protein. Functions include: type L amino acid transport, type y+L amino acid transport and regulation of cellular fusion.

Human Activities
Activities performed by humans.

Human Activity
Activities performed by humans.

Human Adenovirus
Species of the genus MASTADENOVIRUS, causing a wide range of diseases in humans. Infections are mostly asymptomatic, but can be associated with diseases of the respiratory, ocular, and gastrointestinal systems. Serotypes (named with arabic numbers) have been grouped into species designated Human adenovirus A-F.

Human Adenovirus Infection
Respiratory and conjunctival infections caused by 33 identified serotypes of human adenoviruses.

Human Adenovirus Infections
Respiratory and conjunctival infections caused by 33 identified serotypes of human adenoviruses.

Human Adenoviruses
Species of the genus MASTADENOVIRUS, causing a wide range of diseases in humans. Infections are mostly asymptomatic, but can be associated with diseases of the respiratory, ocular, and gastrointestinal systems. Serotypes (named with arabic numbers) have been grouped into species designated Human adenovirus A-F.

Human ARDS
A syndrome of life-threatening progressive pulmonary insufficiency in the absence of known pulmonary disease, usually following a systemic insult such as surgery or major trauma.

Human ARDSs
A syndrome of life-threatening progressive pulmonary insufficiency in the absence of known pulmonary disease, usually following a systemic insult such as surgery or major trauma.

Human Artificial Chromosome
DNA constructs that are composed of, at least, all elements, such as a REPLICATION ORIGIN; TELOMERE; and CENTROMERE, required for successful replication, propagation to and maintainance in progeny human cells. In addition, they are constructed to carry other sequences for analysis or gene transfer.

Human Artificial Chromosomes
DNA constructs that are composed of, at least, all elements, such as a REPLICATION ORIGIN; TELOMERE; and CENTROMERE, required for successful replication, propagation to and maintainance in progeny human cells. In addition, they are constructed to carry other sequences for analysis or gene transfer.

Human Bite
Bites inflicted by humans.

Human Bites
Bites inflicted by humans.

Human Bodies
The human being as a non-anatomical and non-zoological entity. The emphasis is on the philosophical or artistic treatment of the human being, and includes lay and social attitudes toward the body in history. (From J. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)

Human Body
The human being as a non-anatomical and non-zoological entity. The emphasis is on the philosophical or artistic treatment of the human being, and includes lay and social attitudes toward the body in history. (From J. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)

Human Capital
The science of utilization, distribution, and consumption of services and materials.

Human chorionic gonadotropin
Hormone produced by the placenta during early pregnancy.

Human Chorionic Gonadotropin Receptor
Those protein complexes or molecular sites on the surfaces and cytoplasm of gonadal cells that bind luteinizing or chorionic gonadotropic hormones and thereby cause the gonadal cells to synthesize and secrete sex steroids. The hormone-receptor complex is internalized from the plasma membrane and initiates steroid synthesis.

Human Chorionic Gonadotropin Receptors
Those protein complexes or molecular sites on the surfaces and cytoplasm of gonadal cells that bind luteinizing or chorionic gonadotropic hormones and thereby cause the gonadal cells to synthesize and secrete sex steroids. The hormone-receptor complex is internalized from the plasma membrane and initiates steroid synthesis.

Human Chorionic Gonadotropin, alpha Subunit
A non-covalently bound subunit of the glycoprotein hormones TSH; FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE; LH; and HCG which originates in the anterior pituitary gland and placenta. This subunit is virtually identical in structure and indistinguishable by radioimmunoassay in all of the above glycoproteins. It is present in both men and women, but is elevated in postmenopausal women and in patients with hypothyroidism, uremia and malignant tumors. The alpha subunit may be involved directly in recognition of certain receptors.

Human Chorionic Gonadotropin, beta Subunit
The beta subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin. It is used as a clinical marker to facilitate early detection of normal pregnancy and significantly contributes to the diagnosis of various pregnancy-related disorders, such as ectopic pregnancy, spontaneous abortion, hydatidiform mole, choriocarcinoma, or Trisomy 21. Further, determination of this marker is immensely helpful to guide curative intervention in testicular cancer. Other possible clinical uses includes as a marker of cancers of the bladder, pancreas, or biliary tract. (Scan J Clin Lab Invest Suppl 1993;216:97-104)

Human Chorionic Somatomammotropin
A polypeptide hormone secreted by the placenta that enters the maternal circulation and disappears from the circulation immediately after delivery. It has growth-promoting activity, is immunologically similar to human growth hormone, and inhibits maternal insulin activity during pregnancy. By inhibiting glucose oxidation it can increase the glucose supply to a fetus developing in a malnourished mother. (Dorland, 28th ed)

Human Chromosome
Very long DNA molecules and associated proteins, HISTONES, and non-histone chromosomal proteins (CHROMOSOMAL PROTEINS, NON-HISTONE). Normally 46 chromosomes, including two sex chromosomes are found in the nucleus of human cells. They carry the hereditary information of the individual.

Human Chromosomes
Very long DNA molecules and associated proteins, HISTONES, and non-histone chromosomal proteins (CHROMOSOMAL PROTEINS, NON-HISTONE). Normally 46 chromosomes, including two sex chromosomes are found in the nucleus of human cells. They carry the hereditary information of the individual.

Human Class I Antigens
Large transmembrane, polymorphic glycoproteins noncovalently associated with nonpolymorphic beta 2-microglobulin. In humans, three structural genes on chromosome 6 code for the HLA-A; HLA-B and HLA-C antigens. In mice, three genes named K, D, and L on chromosome 17 code for the H-2 antigens. Class I antigens are found on most nucleated cells and are generally detected by their reactivity with alloantisera. These antigens are recognized during graft rejection and restrict cell-mediated lysis of virus-infected cells. They are primarily associated with rheumatologic diseases and certain malignant disorders.

Human Class II Antigens
Human immune-response or Class II antigens found mainly, but not exclusively, on B-lymphocytes and produced from genes of the HLA-D locus. They are extremely polymorphic families of glycopeptides, each consisting of two chains, alpha and beta. This group of antigens includes the -DR, -DQ and -DP designations, of which HLA-DR is most studied; some of these glycoproteins are associated with certain diseases, possibly of immune etiology.

Human Cloning
The formation of one or more genetically identical organisms derived by vegetative reproduction from a single cell. The source nuclear material can be embryo-derived, fetus-derived, or taken from an adult somatic cell.

Human Clonings
The formation of one or more genetically identical organisms derived by vegetative reproduction from a single cell. The source nuclear material can be embryo-derived, fetus-derived, or taken from an adult somatic cell.

Human Combustibilities, Preternatural
A circumstance where a substance or organism takes fire and burns without an exogenous source. Spontaneous human combustion differs from preternatural human combustibility in that in the latter, some spark or trivial flame sets the fire and the body tissues, which have a greatly enhanced inflammability, continue to undergo incineration without any external heat source or combustible materials. (Bergman NA. Spontaneous human combustion: its role in literature and science. Pharos 1988;Fall;51(4):18-21)

Human Combustibility, Preternatural
A circumstance where a substance or organism takes fire and burns without an exogenous source. Spontaneous human combustion differs from preternatural human combustibility in that in the latter, some spark or trivial flame sets the fire and the body tissues, which have a greatly enhanced inflammability, continue to undergo incineration without any external heat source or combustible materials. (Bergman NA. Spontaneous human combustion: its role in literature and science. Pharos 1988;Fall;51(4):18-21)

Human coronavirus 229E
A species in the genus CORONAVIRUS causing the common cold and possibly nervous system infections in humans. It lacks hemagglutinin-esterase.

Human coronavirus OC43
A species in the genus CORONAVIRUS causing the common cold and possibly nervous system infections in humans. It contains hemagglutinin-esterase.

Human coxsackievirus A24
A species of ENTEROVIRUS infecting humans and containing 11 serotypes, all coxsackieviruses.

Human coxsackievirus A9
A species of ENTEROVIRUS infecting humans and containing 36 serotypes. It is comprised of all the echoviruses and a few coxsackieviruses, including all of those previously named coxsackievirus B.

Human echovirus 22
A genus in the family PICORNAVIRIDAE containing one species: Human parechovirus.

Human echovirus 23
A genus in the family PICORNAVIRIDAE containing one species: Human parechovirus.

Human echovirus 6
A species of ENTEROVIRUS that has caused outbreaks of aseptic meningitis in children and adults.

Human echovirus 9
A species of ENTEROVIRUS associated with outbreaks of aseptic meningitis (MENINGITIS, ASEPTIC).

Human Endogenous Retrovirus
Retroviruses that have integrated into the germline (PROVIRUSES) that have lost infectious capability but retained the capability to transpose.

Human Endogenous Retroviruses
Retroviruses that have integrated into the germline (PROVIRUSES) that have lost infectious capability but retained the capability to transpose.

Human Engineering
The science of designing, building or equipping mechanical devices or artificial environments to the anthropometric, physiological, or psychological requirements of the people who will use them.

Human enterovirus 70
A species of ENTEROVIRUS infecting humans and consisting of 2 serotypes: Human enterovirus 68 and Human enterovirus 70.

Human enterovirus A
A species of ENTEROVIRUS infecting humans and containing 10 serotypes, mostly coxsackieviruses.

Human enterovirus B
A species of ENTEROVIRUS infecting humans and containing 36 serotypes. It is comprised of all the echoviruses and a few coxsackieviruses, including all of those previously named coxsackievirus B.

Human enterovirus C
A species of ENTEROVIRUS infecting humans and containing 11 serotypes, all coxsackieviruses.

Human enterovirus D
A species of ENTEROVIRUS infecting humans and consisting of 2 serotypes: Human enterovirus 68 and Human enterovirus 70.

Human Experimentation
Moral, legal, ethical, social, and religious aspects of experiments on humans but not the routine conduct of clinical research.

Human Factor H
A beta-globulin that binds to complement 3b and makes iC3b (inactivated complement 3b) susceptible to cleavage by COMPLEMENT FACTOR I. Complement factor H also acts as an alternative pathway complement inhibitor by interfering with the binding of properdin factor B to C3b.

Human Figure
The human being as a non-anatomical and non-zoological entity. The emphasis is on the philosophical or artistic treatment of the human being, and includes lay and social attitudes toward the body in history. (From J. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)

Human Figures
The human being as a non-anatomical and non-zoological entity. The emphasis is on the philosophical or artistic treatment of the human being, and includes lay and social attitudes toward the body in history. (From J. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)

Human Foamy Virus
Genus of non-oncogenic retroviruses which establish persistent infections in many animal species but are considered non-pathogenic. Its organisms have been isolated from primates (including humans), cattle, cats, hamsters, and sea lions. Spumaviruses have a foamy or lace-like appearance and are often accompanied by syncytium formation. Chimpanzee foamy virus is the type species.

Human Foamy Viruses
Genus of non-oncogenic retroviruses which establish persistent infections in many animal species but are considered non-pathogenic. Its organisms have been isolated from primates (including humans), cattle, cats, hamsters, and sea lions. Spumaviruses have a foamy or lace-like appearance and are often accompanied by syncytium formation. Chimpanzee foamy virus is the type species.

Human Forefoot
The forepart of the foot including the metatarsals and the TOES.

Human Genetics
A field of human genetics which entails the reliable prediction of certain human disorders as a function of the lineage and/or genetic makeup of an individual or of any two parents or potential parents.

Human Genome
The complete gene complement contained in a set of chromosomes in a human, either haploid (the set derived from one parent) or diploid (the double set, derived from both parents). The haploid set contains 50,000 to 100,000 genes and about 3 billion base pairs.

Human Genome Diversity Project
A coordinated effort of researchers to map (CHROMOSOME MAPPING) and sequence (SEQUENCE ANALYSIS, DNA) the human genome.

Human Genome Project
A coordinated effort of researchers to map (CHROMOSOME MAPPING) and sequence (SEQUENCE ANALYSIS, DNA) the human genome.

Human Genome Projects
A coordinated effort of researchers to map (CHROMOSOME MAPPING) and sequence (SEQUENCE ANALYSIS, DNA) the human genome.

Human Genomes
The complete gene complement contained in a set of chromosomes in a human, either haploid (the set derived from one parent) or diploid (the double set, derived from both parents). The haploid set contains 50,000 to 100,000 genes and about 3 billion base pairs.

Human Geography
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)

Human Glandular Kallikrein 1
A family of trpysin-like SERINE ENDOPEPTIDASES that are expressed in a variety of cell types including human prostate epithelial cells. They are formed from tissue prokallikrein by action with TRYPSIN. They are highly similar to PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN. EC 3.4.21.35.

Human Glandular Kallikrein 2
A family of trpysin-like SERINE ENDOPEPTIDASES that are expressed in a variety of cell types including human prostate epithelial cells. They are formed from tissue prokallikrein by action with TRYPSIN. They are highly similar to PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN. EC 3.4.21.35.

Human Glandular Kallikreins
A family of trpysin-like SERINE ENDOPEPTIDASES that are expressed in a variety of cell types including human prostate epithelial cells. They are formed from tissue prokallikrein by action with TRYPSIN. They are highly similar to PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN. EC 3.4.21.35.

Human growth hormone
The hormone that regulates growth.

Human Growth Hormone
Synthetic or naturally occuring growth hormone from the human pituitary gland. It is given to children with open epiphyses for the treatment of pituitary dwarfism. (From Reynolds JEF(Ed): Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (electronic version). Micromedex, Inc, Englewood, CO, 1995)

Human hepatitis A virus
A strain of HEPATITIS A VIRUS which causes hepatitis in humans. The virus replicates in hepatocytes and is presumed to reach the intestine via the bile duct. Transmission occurs by the fecal-oral route.

Human herpesvirus 1
The type species of SIMPLEXVIRUS causing most forms of non-genital herpes simplex in humans. Primary infection occurs mainly in infants and young children and then the virus becomes latent in the dorsal root ganglion. It then is periodically reactivated throughout life causing mostly benign conditions.

Human Herpesvirus 2
A species of SIMPLEXVIRUS associated with genital infections (HERPES GENITALIS). It is transmitted by sexual intercourse and close personal contact.

Human herpesvirus 3
The type species of VARICELLOVIRUS causing CHICKENPOX (varicella) and HERPES ZOSTER (shingles) in humans.

Human Herpesvirus 4
The type species of LYMPHOCRYPTOVIRUS, subfamily GAMMAHERPESVIRINAE, infecting B-cells in humans. It is thought to be the causative agent of INFECTIOUS MONONUCLEOSIS and is strongly associated with oral hairy leukoplakia (LEUKOPLAKIA, HAIRY), BURKITT LYMPHOMA, and other malignancies.

Human Herpesvirus 4 Infections
Infection with human herpesvirus 4 (HERPESVIRUS 4, HUMAN); which may facilitate the development of various lymphoproliferative disorders. These include BURKITT LYMPHOMA (African type), INFECTIOUS MONONUCLEOSIS, and oral hairy leukoplakia (LEUKOPLAKIA, HAIRY).

Human Herpesvirus 5
A genus of the family HERPESVIRIDAE, subfamily BETAHERPESVIRINAE, infecting the salivary glands, liver, spleen, lungs, eyes, and other organs, in which they produce characteristically enlarged cells with intranuclear inclusions. Infection with Cytomegalovirus is also seen as an opportunistic infection in AIDS.

Human herpesvirus 7
A species in the genus ROSEOLOVIRUS, of the family HERPESVIRIDAE. It was isolated from activated, CD4-positive T-lymphocytes taken from the blood of a healthy human.

Human herpesvirus 8
A species in the genus RHADINOVIRUS, subfamily GAMMAHERPESVIRINAE, isolated from patients with AIDS-related and ""classical"" Kaposi sarcoma.

Human Ia-Like Antigens
Human immune-response or Class II antigens found mainly, but not exclusively, on B-lymphocytes and produced from genes of the HLA-D locus. They are extremely polymorphic families of glycopeptides, each consisting of two chains, alpha and beta. This group of antigens includes the -DR, -DQ and -DP designations, of which HLA-DR is most studied; some of these glycoproteins are associated with certain diseases, possibly of immune etiology.

Human Identification
Scientific study of human skeletal remains with the express purpose of identification. This includes establishing individual identity, trauma analysis, facial reconstruction, photographic superimposition, determination of time interval since death, and crime-scene recovery. Forensic anthropologists do not certify cause of death but provide data to assist in determination of probable cause. This is a branch of the field of physical anthropology and qualified individuals are certified by the American Board of Forensic Anthropology. (From Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1992 Jun;13(2):146)

Human Identifications
Scientific study of human skeletal remains with the express purpose of identification. This includes establishing individual identity, trauma analysis, facial reconstruction, photographic superimposition, determination of time interval since death, and crime-scene recovery. Forensic anthropologists do not certify cause of death but provide data to assist in determination of probable cause. This is a branch of the field of physical anthropology and qualified individuals are certified by the American Board of Forensic Anthropology. (From Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1992 Jun;13(2):146)

Human Immune-Associated Antigens
Human immune-response or Class II antigens found mainly, but not exclusively, on B-lymphocytes and produced from genes of the HLA-D locus. They are extremely polymorphic families of glycopeptides, each consisting of two chains, alpha and beta. This group of antigens includes the -DR, -DQ and -DP designations, of which HLA-DR is most studied; some of these glycoproteins are associated with certain diseases, possibly of immune etiology.

Human Immune-Response Antigens
Human immune-response or Class II antigens found mainly, but not exclusively, on B-lymphocytes and produced from genes of the HLA-D locus. They are extremely polymorphic families of glycopeptides, each consisting of two chains, alpha and beta. This group of antigens includes the -DR, -DQ and -DP designations, of which HLA-DR is most studied; some of these glycoproteins are associated with certain diseases, possibly of immune etiology.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Human immunodeficiency virus. Species of LENTIVIRUS, subgenus primate lentiviruses (LENTIVIRUSES, PRIMATE), formerly designated T-cell lymphotropic virus type III/lymphadenopathy-associated virus (HTLV-III/LAV). It is acknowledged to be the agent responsible for the acute infectious manifestations, neurologic disorders, and immunologic abnormalities linked to the ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
A virus that steadily weakens the body's defense (immune) system until it can no longer fight off infections such as pneumonia, diarrhea, tumors and other illnesses. All of which can be part of AIDS (Acquired ImmunoDeficiency Syndrome). Unable to fight back, most people die within three years of the first signs of AIDS appearing. Most of all HIV infections have been transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse with someone who is already infected with HIV. HIV can also be transmitted by infected blood or blood products (as in blood transfusions).

Human immunodeficiency virus 1
The type species of LENTIVIRUS and the etiologic agent of AIDS (ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME). It is characterized by its cytopathic effect and affinity for the T4-lymphocyte.

Human immunodeficiency virus 2
An HIV species related to HIV-1 but carrying different antigenic components and with differing nucleic acid composition. It shares serologic reactivity and sequence homology with the simian Lentivirus SIV and infects only T4-lymphocytes expressing the CD4 phenotypic marker.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Associated Nephropathy
Renal syndrome in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients characterized by nephrotic syndrome, severe proteinuria, focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis with distinctive tubular and interstitial changes, enlarged kidneys, and peculiar tubuloreticular structures. The syndrome is distinct from heroin-associated nephropathy as well as other forms of kidney disease seen in HIV-infected patients.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Long Terminal Repeat
Regulatory sequences important for viral replication that are located on each end of the HIV genome. The LTR includes the HIV ENHANCER, promoter, and other sequences. Specific regions in the LTR include the negative regulatory element (NRE), NF-kappa B binding sites , Sp1 binding sites, TATA BOX, and trans-acting responsive element (TAR). The binding of both cellular and viral proteins to these regions regulates HIV transcription.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus LTR
Regulatory sequences important for viral replication that are located on each end of the HIV genome. The LTR includes the HIV ENHANCER, promoter, and other sequences. Specific regions in the LTR include the negative regulatory element (NRE), NF-kappa B binding sites , Sp1 binding sites, TATA BOX, and trans-acting responsive element (TAR). The binding of both cellular and viral proteins to these regions regulates HIV transcription.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1
The type species of LENTIVIRUS and the etiologic agent of AIDS (ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME). It is characterized by its cytopathic effect and affinity for the T4-lymphocyte.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 2
An HIV species related to HIV-1 but carrying different antigenic components and with differing nucleic acid composition. It shares serologic reactivity and sequence homology with the simian Lentivirus SIV and infects only T4-lymphocytes expressing the CD4 phenotypic marker.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Associated Nephropathy
Renal syndrome in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients characterized by nephrotic syndrome, severe proteinuria, focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis with distinctive tubular and interstitial changes, enlarged kidneys, and peculiar tubuloreticular structures. The syndrome is distinct from heroin-associated nephropathy as well as other forms of kidney disease seen in HIV-infected patients.

Human Immunodeficiency Viruses
Human immunodeficiency virus. Species of LENTIVIRUS, subgenus primate lentiviruses (LENTIVIRUSES, PRIMATE), formerly designated T-cell lymphotropic virus type III/lymphadenopathy-associated virus (HTLV-III/LAV). It is acknowledged to be the agent responsible for the acute infectious manifestations, neurologic disorders, and immunologic abnormalities linked to the ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME.

Human Information Processing
Conceptual functions or thinking in all its forms.

Human Insulin
Man-made insulins that are similar to insulin produced by your own body. Human insulin has been available since October 1982.

Human Leukocyte Antigen DNA Probes
DNA probes specific for the human leukocyte antigen genes, which represent the major histocompatibility determinants in humans. The four known loci are designated as A, B, C, and D. Specific antigens are identified by a locus notation and number, e.g., HLA-A11. The inheritance of certain HLA alleles is associated with increased risk for certain diseases (e.g., insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus).

Human Leukocyte Antigens
Antigens determined by leukocyte loci found on chromosome 6, the major histocompatibility loci in humans. They are polypeptides or glycoproteins found on most nucleated cells and platelets, determine tissue types for transplantation, and are associated with certain diseases.

Human Lymphocyte Activation Antigen 4F2
A heterodimeric protein that is a cell surface antigen associated with lymphocyte activation. The initial characterization of this protein revealed one identifiable heavy chain (CD98 HEAVY CHAIN) and an indeterminate smaller light chain. It is now known that a variety of light chain subunits (CD98 LIGHT CHAINS) can dimerize with the heavy chain. Depending upon its light chain composition a diverse array of functions can be found for this protein. Functions include: type L amino acid transport, type y+L amino acid transport and regulation of cellular fusion.

Human Menopausal Gonadotropins
Extracts from human menopausal urine containing FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE and LH activity. They are used to treat infertility disorders.

Human Oatp2 Protein
An organic anion transporter found in human liver. It is capable of transporting a variety organic anions and mediates sodium-independent uptake of bile in the liver.

Human Pancreatic Growth Hormone-Releasing Factor
Hypothalamic peptide that regulates the synthesis and secretion of SOMATOTROPIN in the anterior pituitary gland.

Human Papilloma Virus
A species of PAPILLOMAVIRUS causing warts in humans. These benign, squamous epithelial tumors can sometimes progress to malignancy.

Human Papilloma Virus DNA Probes
DNA probes specific for the identification of human papilloma virus.

Human Papilloma Viruses
A species of PAPILLOMAVIRUS causing warts in humans. These benign, squamous epithelial tumors can sometimes progress to malignancy.

Human papillomavirus
A species of PAPILLOMAVIRUS causing warts in humans. These benign, squamous epithelial tumors can sometimes progress to malignancy.

Human Papillomaviruses
A species of PAPILLOMAVIRUS causing warts in humans. These benign, squamous epithelial tumors can sometimes progress to malignancy.

Human papillomaviruses (HPVs)
Viruses that can cause warts. Some HPVs are sexually transmitted and cause wart-like growths on the genitals. HPV is a major risk factor for cervical cancer.

Human parainfluenza virus 1
A species of RESPIROVIRUS also called hemadsorption virus 2 (HA2), which causes laryngotracheitis in humans, especially children.

Human parainfluenza virus 2
A species of RUBULAVIRUS associated particularly with acute laryngotracheitis (CROUP) in children aged 6 months to 3 years.

Human parainfluenza virus 3
A species of RESPIROVIRUS frequently isolated from small children with pharyngitis, bronchitis, and pneumonia.

Human parainfluenza virus 4
A species of RUBULAVIRUS causing endemic upper respiratory infections in children. It produces only a mild clinical disease and often goes undetected.

Human Parathyroid Hormone (1-34)
A synthetic polypeptide that consists of the 1-34 amino-acid fragment of human parathyroid hormone, the biologically active N-terminal region. The acetate form is given by intravenous infusion in the differential diagnosis of HYPOPARATHYROIDISM and PSEUDOHYPOPARATHYROIDISM. (Reynolds JEF(Ed): Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (electronic version). Micromedex, Inc, Englewood, CO, 1995)

Human parechovirus
A genus in the family PICORNAVIRIDAE containing one species: Human parechovirus.

Human parechovirus 1
A genus in the family PICORNAVIRIDAE containing one species: Human parechovirus.

Human parechovirus 2
A genus in the family PICORNAVIRIDAE containing one species: Human parechovirus.

Human Parvovirus B19
The type species of ERYTHROVIRUS and the etiological agent of ERYTHEMA INFECTIOSUM, a disease most commonly seen in school-age children.

Human Pet Bonding
The emotional attachment of individuals to pets.

Human PHI
A 27-amino acid peptide with histidine at the N-terminal and isoleucine amide at the C-terminal. The exact amino acid composition of the peptide is species dependent. The peptide is secreted in the intestine, but is found in the nervous system, many organs, and in the majority of peripheral tissues. It has a wide range of biological actions, affecting the cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, respiratory, and central nervous systems.

Human Physical Conditioning
A state of well-being in which performance is optimal, often as a result of physical conditioning which may be prescribed for disease therapy.

Human Physical Conditionings
A state of well-being in which performance is optimal, often as a result of physical conditioning which may be prescribed for disease therapy.

Human Platelet Antigens
Human alloantigens expressed only on platelets, specifically on platelet membrane glycoproteins. These platelet-specific antigens are immunogenic and can result in pathological reactions to transfusion therapy.

Human poliovirus 1
A species of ENTEROVIRUS which is the causal agent of POLIOMYELITIS in humans. Three serotypes (strains) exist. Transmission is by the fecal-oral route, pharyngeal secretions, or mechanical vector (flies). Vaccines with both inactivated and live attenuated virus have proven effective in immunizing against the infection.

Human poliovirus 2
A species of ENTEROVIRUS which is the causal agent of POLIOMYELITIS in humans. Three serotypes (strains) exist. Transmission is by the fecal-oral route, pharyngeal secretions, or mechanical vector (flies). Vaccines with both inactivated and live attenuated virus have proven effective in immunizing against the infection.

Human poliovirus 3
A species of ENTEROVIRUS which is the causal agent of POLIOMYELITIS in humans. Three serotypes (strains) exist. Transmission is by the fecal-oral route, pharyngeal secretions, or mechanical vector (flies). Vaccines with both inactivated and live attenuated virus have proven effective in immunizing against the infection.

Human Polyomavirus BK
A species of POLYOMAVIRUS apparently infecting over 90% of children but not clearly associated with any clinical illness in childhood. The virus remains latent in the body throughout life and can be reactivated under certain circumstances.

Human Project, Visible
Descriptive anatomy based on three-dimensional imaging of the body, organs, and structures using a series of computer multiplane sections, displayed by transverse, coronal, and sagittal analyses. It is essential to accurate interpretation by the radiologist of such techniques as ultrasonic diagnosis, magnetic resonance imaging, and computed tomography. (From Lane & Sharfaei, Modern Sectional Anatomy, 1992, Preface)

Human Projects, Visible
Descriptive anatomy based on three-dimensional imaging of the body, organs, and structures using a series of computer multiplane sections, displayed by transverse, coronal, and sagittal analyses. It is essential to accurate interpretation by the radiologist of such techniques as ultrasonic diagnosis, magnetic resonance imaging, and computed tomography. (From Lane & Sharfaei, Modern Sectional Anatomy, 1992, Preface)

Human Reproductive Index
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)

Human Reproductive Indexes
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)

Human Reproductive Indices
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)

Human Resource
The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.

Human Resources
The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.

Human Resources Development
The process by which the employer promotes staff performance and efficiency consistent with management goals and objectives.

Human respiratory syncytial virus
The type species of PNEUMOVIRUS and an important cause of lower respiratory disease in infants and young children. It frequently presents with bronchitis and bronchopneumonia and is further characterized by fever, cough, dyspnea, wheezing, and pallor.

Human Right
The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.

Human Rights
The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.

Human Spumavirus
Genus of non-oncogenic retroviruses which establish persistent infections in many animal species but are considered non-pathogenic. Its organisms have been isolated from primates (including humans), cattle, cats, hamsters, and sea lions. Spumaviruses have a foamy or lace-like appearance and are often accompanied by syncytium formation. Chimpanzee foamy virus is the type species.

Human Spumaviruses
Genus of non-oncogenic retroviruses which establish persistent infections in many animal species but are considered non-pathogenic. Its organisms have been isolated from primates (including humans), cattle, cats, hamsters, and sea lions. Spumaviruses have a foamy or lace-like appearance and are often accompanied by syncytium formation. Chimpanzee foamy virus is the type species.

Human subject
An individual who is or becomes a participant in research, either as a recipient of the test drug therapy or as a control. A subject may be either a healthy human or a patient. Synonym: subject/trial subject.

Human T Cell Leukemia Lymphoma
Aggressive T-Cell malignancy with adult onset, caused by HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1. It is endemic in Japan, the Caribbean basin, Southeastern United States, Hawaii, and parts of Central and South America and sub-Saharan Africa.

Human T Cell Leukemia Lymphoma Viruses
A genus in the family RETROVIRIDAE consisting of exogenous horizontally-transmitted viruses found in a few groups of mammals. Infections caused by these viruses include human B (LEUKEMIA, B-CELL) or adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (LEUKEMIA-LYMPHOMA, T-CELL, ACUTE, HTLV-1-ASSOCIATED), and bovine leukemia (ENZOOTIC BOVINE LEUKOSIS). The type species is LEUKEMIA VIRUS, BOVINE.

Human T Cell Leukemia Virus Antibodies
Antibodies reactive with various types of human T-cell leukemia/lymphoma antigens or bovine leukemia virus antigens.

Human T Cell Leukemia Virus Antigens
Antigens associated with the DELTARETROVIRUS; HTLV-I ANTIGENS and HTLV-II ANTIGENS belong to this group.

Human T Cell Leukemia Virus I
A strain of PRIMATE T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1 isolated from mature T4 cells in patients with T-lymphoproliferation malignancies. It causes adult T-cell leukemia (LEUKEMIA-LYMPHOMA, T-CELL, ACUTE, HTLV-1-ASSOCIATED), T-cell lymphoma (LYMPHOMA, T-CELL), and is involved in mycosis fungoides, SEZARY SYNDROME and tropical spastic paraparesis (PARAPARESIS, TROPIC SPASTIC).

Human T Cell Leukemia Virus I Antibodies
Antibodies reactive with the HTLV-I ANTIGENS.

Human T Cell Leukemia Virus I Antigens
Antigens associated with HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1.

Human T Cell Leukemia Virus II
A strain of PRIMATE T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 2 that can transform normal T-lymphocytes and can replicate in both T- and B-cell lines. The virus is related to but distinct from HTLV-1. It is associated with T-cell hairy cell leukemia (LEUKEMIA, T-CELL, HTLV-II-ASSOCIATED), a relatively benign disease.

Human T Cell Leukemia Virus II Antibodies
Antibodies reactive with the HTLV-II ANTIGENS.

Human T Cell Leukemia Virus II Antigens
Antigens associated with HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 2.

Human T Cell Leukemia Virus Type III
Human immunodeficiency virus. Species of LENTIVIRUS, subgenus primate lentiviruses (LENTIVIRUSES, PRIMATE), formerly designated T-cell lymphotropic virus type III/lymphadenopathy-associated virus (HTLV-III/LAV). It is acknowledged to be the agent responsible for the acute infectious manifestations, neurologic disorders, and immunologic abnormalities linked to the ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME.

Human T Cell Leukemia Viruses
A genus in the family RETROVIRIDAE consisting of exogenous horizontally-transmitted viruses found in a few groups of mammals. Infections caused by these viruses include human B (LEUKEMIA, B-CELL) or adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (LEUKEMIA-LYMPHOMA, T-CELL, ACUTE, HTLV-1-ASSOCIATED), and bovine leukemia (ENZOOTIC BOVINE LEUKOSIS). The type species is LEUKEMIA VIRUS, BOVINE.

Human T Cell Lymphotropic Virus Type III
Human immunodeficiency virus. Species of LENTIVIRUS, subgenus primate lentiviruses (LENTIVIRUSES, PRIMATE), formerly designated T-cell lymphotropic virus type III/lymphadenopathy-associated virus (HTLV-III/LAV). It is acknowledged to be the agent responsible for the acute infectious manifestations, neurologic disorders, and immunologic abnormalities linked to the ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME.

Human T lymphotropic virus 1
A strain of PRIMATE T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1 isolated from mature T4 cells in patients with T-lymphoproliferation malignancies. It causes adult T-cell leukemia (LEUKEMIA-LYMPHOMA, T-CELL, ACUTE, HTLV-1-ASSOCIATED), T-cell lymphoma (LYMPHOMA, T-CELL), and is involved in mycosis fungoides, SEZARY SYNDROME and tropical spastic paraparesis (PARAPARESIS, TROPIC SPASTIC).

Human T lymphotropic virus 2
A strain of PRIMATE T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 2 that can transform normal T-lymphocytes and can replicate in both T- and B-cell lines. The virus is related to but distinct from HTLV-1. It is associated with T-cell hairy cell leukemia (LEUKEMIA, T-CELL, HTLV-II-ASSOCIATED), a relatively benign disease.

Human T Lymphotropic Virus Associated Leukemia Lymphoma
Aggressive T-Cell malignancy with adult onset, caused by HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1. It is endemic in Japan, the Caribbean basin, Southeastern United States, Hawaii, and parts of Central and South America and sub-Saharan Africa.

Human T Lymphotropic Virus II
A strain of PRIMATE T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 2 that can transform normal T-lymphocytes and can replicate in both T- and B-cell lines. The virus is related to but distinct from HTLV-1. It is associated with T-cell hairy cell leukemia (LEUKEMIA, T-CELL, HTLV-II-ASSOCIATED), a relatively benign disease.

Human T Lymphotropic Virus II Antibodies
Antibodies reactive with the HTLV-II ANTIGENS.

Human T Lymphotropic Virus II Antigens
Antigens associated with HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 2.

Human T Lymphotropic Virus Type 1 Associated Myelopathy
A subacute paralytic myeloneuropathy occurring endemically in tropical areas such as the Caribbean, Colombia, India, and Africa, as well as in the southwestern region of Japan; associated with infection by human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1). Clinical manifestations include a slowly progressive spastic weakness of the legs, increased reflexes, Babinski signs, incontinence, and loss of vibratory and position sensation. On pathologic examination inflammatory, demyelination, and necrotic lesions may be found in the spinal cord. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1239)

Human T Lymphotropic Virus Type III
Human immunodeficiency virus. Species of LENTIVIRUS, subgenus primate lentiviruses (LENTIVIRUSES, PRIMATE), formerly designated T-cell lymphotropic virus type III/lymphadenopathy-associated virus (HTLV-III/LAV). It is acknowledged to be the agent responsible for the acute infectious manifestations, neurologic disorders, and immunologic abnormalities linked to the ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME.

Human T Lymphotropic Virus Type IV
An HIV species related to HIV-1 but carrying different antigenic components and with differing nucleic acid composition. It shares serologic reactivity and sequence homology with the simian Lentivirus SIV and infects only T4-lymphocytes expressing the CD4 phenotypic marker.

Human T Lymphotropic Virus-Associated Leukemia-Lymphoma
Aggressive T-Cell malignancy with adult onset, caused by HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1. It is endemic in Japan, the Caribbean basin, Southeastern United States, Hawaii, and parts of Central and South America and sub-Saharan Africa.

Human T-Cell Leukemia Virus Antibodies
Antibodies reactive with various types of human T-cell leukemia/lymphoma antigens or bovine leukemia virus antigens.

Human T-Cell Leukemia Virus Antigens
Antigens associated with the DELTARETROVIRUS; HTLV-I ANTIGENS and HTLV-II ANTIGENS belong to this group.

Human T-Cell Leukemia Virus I
A strain of PRIMATE T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1 isolated from mature T4 cells in patients with T-lymphoproliferation malignancies. It causes adult T-cell leukemia (LEUKEMIA-LYMPHOMA, T-CELL, ACUTE, HTLV-1-ASSOCIATED), T-cell lymphoma (LYMPHOMA, T-CELL), and is involved in mycosis fungoides, SEZARY SYNDROME and tropical spastic paraparesis (PARAPARESIS, TROPIC SPASTIC).

Human T-Cell Leukemia Virus I Antibodies
Antibodies reactive with the HTLV-I ANTIGENS.

Human T-Cell Leukemia Virus I Antigens
Antigens associated with HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1.

Human T-Cell Leukemia Virus II
A strain of PRIMATE T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 2 that can transform normal T-lymphocytes and can replicate in both T- and B-cell lines. The virus is related to but distinct from HTLV-1. It is associated with T-cell hairy cell leukemia (LEUKEMIA, T-CELL, HTLV-II-ASSOCIATED), a relatively benign disease.

Human T-Cell Leukemia Virus II Antibodies
Antibodies reactive with the HTLV-II ANTIGENS.

Human T-Cell Leukemia Virus II Antigens
Antigens associated with HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 2.

Human T-Cell Leukemia Virus Type I rex Gene Product
Post-transcriptional regulatory proteins required for the accumulation of mRNAs that encode the gag and env gene products in HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1 and HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 2. The rex (regulator x; x is undefined) products act by binding to elements in the LTR.

Human T-Cell Leukemia Virus Type I rex Protein
Post-transcriptional regulatory proteins required for the accumulation of mRNAs that encode the gag and env gene products in HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1 and HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 2. The rex (regulator x; x is undefined) products act by binding to elements in the LTR.

Human T-Cell Leukemia Virus Type I tax Gene Product
Transcriptional trans-acting proteins of the promoter elements found in the long terminal repeats (LTR) of HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1 and HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 2. The tax (trans-activator x; x is undefined) proteins act by binding to enhancer elements in the LTR.

Human T-Cell Leukemia Virus Type I tax Protein
Transcriptional trans-acting proteins of the promoter elements found in the long terminal repeats (LTR) of HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1 and HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 2. The tax (trans-activator x; x is undefined) proteins act by binding to enhancer elements in the LTR.

Human T-Cell Leukemia Virus Type II tax Gene Product
Transcriptional trans-acting proteins of the promoter elements found in the long terminal repeats (LTR) of HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1 and HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 2. The tax (trans-activator x; x is undefined) proteins act by binding to enhancer elements in the LTR.

Human T-Cell Leukemia Virus Type III
Human immunodeficiency virus. Species of LENTIVIRUS, subgenus primate lentiviruses (LENTIVIRUSES, PRIMATE), formerly designated T-cell lymphotropic virus type III/lymphadenopathy-associated virus (HTLV-III/LAV). It is acknowledged to be the agent responsible for the acute infectious manifestations, neurologic disorders, and immunologic abnormalities linked to the ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME.

Human T-Cell Leukemia Viruses
A genus in the family RETROVIRIDAE consisting of exogenous horizontally-transmitted viruses found in a few groups of mammals. Infections caused by these viruses include human B (LEUKEMIA, B-CELL) or adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (LEUKEMIA-LYMPHOMA, T-CELL, ACUTE, HTLV-1-ASSOCIATED), and bovine leukemia (ENZOOTIC BOVINE LEUKOSIS). The type species is LEUKEMIA VIRUS, BOVINE.

Human T-Cell Leukemia-Lymphoma
Aggressive T-Cell malignancy with adult onset, caused by HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1. It is endemic in Japan, the Caribbean basin, Southeastern United States, Hawaii, and parts of Central and South America and sub-Saharan Africa.

Human T-Cell Leukemia-Lymphoma Viruses
A genus in the family RETROVIRIDAE consisting of exogenous horizontally-transmitted viruses found in a few groups of mammals. Infections caused by these viruses include human B (LEUKEMIA, B-CELL) or adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (LEUKEMIA-LYMPHOMA, T-CELL, ACUTE, HTLV-1-ASSOCIATED), and bovine leukemia (ENZOOTIC BOVINE LEUKOSIS). The type species is LEUKEMIA VIRUS, BOVINE.

Human T-Cell Leukemia-Lymphomas
Aggressive T-Cell malignancy with adult onset, caused by HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1. It is endemic in Japan, the Caribbean basin, Southeastern United States, Hawaii, and parts of Central and South America and sub-Saharan Africa.

Human T-Cell Lymphotropic Virus Type III
Human immunodeficiency virus. Species of LENTIVIRUS, subgenus primate lentiviruses (LENTIVIRUSES, PRIMATE), formerly designated T-cell lymphotropic virus type III/lymphadenopathy-associated virus (HTLV-III/LAV). It is acknowledged to be the agent responsible for the acute infectious manifestations, neurologic disorders, and immunologic abnormalities linked to the ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME.

Human T-lymphotropic virus 1
A strain of PRIMATE T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1 isolated from mature T4 cells in patients with T-lymphoproliferation malignancies. It causes adult T-cell leukemia (LEUKEMIA-LYMPHOMA, T-CELL, ACUTE, HTLV-1-ASSOCIATED), T-cell lymphoma (LYMPHOMA, T-CELL), and is involved in mycosis fungoides, SEZARY SYNDROME and tropical spastic paraparesis (PARAPARESIS, TROPIC SPASTIC).

Human T-lymphotropic virus 2
A strain of PRIMATE T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 2 that can transform normal T-lymphocytes and can replicate in both T- and B-cell lines. The virus is related to but distinct from HTLV-1. It is associated with T-cell hairy cell leukemia (LEUKEMIA, T-CELL, HTLV-II-ASSOCIATED), a relatively benign disease.

Human T-Lymphotropic Virus II
A strain of PRIMATE T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 2 that can transform normal T-lymphocytes and can replicate in both T- and B-cell lines. The virus is related to but distinct from HTLV-1. It is associated with T-cell hairy cell leukemia (LEUKEMIA, T-CELL, HTLV-II-ASSOCIATED), a relatively benign disease.

Human T-Lymphotropic Virus II Antibodies
Antibodies reactive with the HTLV-II ANTIGENS.

Human T-Lymphotropic Virus II Antigens
Antigens associated with HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 2.

Human T-Lymphotropic Virus Type 1 Associated Myelopathy
A subacute paralytic myeloneuropathy occurring endemically in tropical areas such as the Caribbean, Colombia, India, and Africa, as well as in the southwestern region of Japan; associated with infection by human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1). Clinical manifestations include a slowly progressive spastic weakness of the legs, increased reflexes, Babinski signs, incontinence, and loss of vibratory and position sensation. On pathologic examination inflammatory, demyelination, and necrotic lesions may be found in the spinal cord. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1239)

Human T-Lymphotropic Virus Type III
Human immunodeficiency virus. Species of LENTIVIRUS, subgenus primate lentiviruses (LENTIVIRUSES, PRIMATE), formerly designated T-cell lymphotropic virus type III/lymphadenopathy-associated virus (HTLV-III/LAV). It is acknowledged to be the agent responsible for the acute infectious manifestations, neurologic disorders, and immunologic abnormalities linked to the ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME.

Human T-Lymphotropic Virus Type IV
An HIV species related to HIV-1 but carrying different antigenic components and with differing nucleic acid composition. It shares serologic reactivity and sequence homology with the simian Lentivirus SIV and infects only T4-lymphocytes expressing the CD4 phenotypic marker.

Human TIMP 3
A member of the family of TISSUE INHIBITOR OF METALLOPROTEINASES. It is a 21 kD, nonglycosylated protein. TIMP-3 does not show a high degree of structural similarity unlike TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 which are structurally similar. However, it does possess a high degree of structural similarity with that of chicken TIMP-3 (ChIMP-3). Human TIMP-3 is of particular concern because of its potential role in cancer, arthritis, and eye diseases.

Human TIMP-3
A member of the family of TISSUE INHIBITOR OF METALLOPROTEINASES. It is a 21 kD, nonglycosylated protein. TIMP-3 does not show a high degree of structural similarity unlike TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 which are structurally similar. However, it does possess a high degree of structural similarity with that of chicken TIMP-3 (ChIMP-3). Human TIMP-3 is of particular concern because of its potential role in cancer, arthritis, and eye diseases.

Human Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase 3
A member of the family of TISSUE INHIBITOR OF METALLOPROTEINASES. It is a 21 kD, nonglycosylated protein. TIMP-3 does not show a high degree of structural similarity unlike TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 which are structurally similar. However, it does possess a high degree of structural similarity with that of chicken TIMP-3 (ChIMP-3). Human TIMP-3 is of particular concern because of its potential role in cancer, arthritis, and eye diseases.

Human Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-3
A member of the family of TISSUE INHIBITOR OF METALLOPROTEINASES. It is a 21 kD, nonglycosylated protein. TIMP-3 does not show a high degree of structural similarity unlike TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 which are structurally similar. However, it does possess a high degree of structural similarity with that of chicken TIMP-3 (ChIMP-3). Human TIMP-3 is of particular concern because of its potential role in cancer, arthritis, and eye diseases.

Human torovirus
A genus of the family CORONAVIRIDAE characterized by enveloped, peplomer-bearing particles containing an elongated tubular nucleocapsid with helical symmetry. Toroviruses have been found in association with enteric infections in horses (Berne virus), cattle (Breda virus), swine, and humans. Transmission probably takes place via the fecal-oral route.

Human toroviruses
A genus of the family CORONAVIRIDAE characterized by enveloped, peplomer-bearing particles containing an elongated tubular nucleocapsid with helical symmetry. Toroviruses have been found in association with enteric infections in horses (Berne virus), cattle (Breda virus), swine, and humans. Transmission probably takes place via the fecal-oral route.

Human TP53 Protein
Nuclear phosphoprotein encoded by the p53 gene (GENES, P53) whose normal function is to control cell proliferation. A mutant or absent p53 protein has been found in leukemia, osteosarcoma, lung cancer, and colorectal cancer.

Human Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies, Inherited
A group of genetic, infectious, or sporadic degenerative human and animal nervous system disorders associated with abnormal PRIONS. These diseases are characterized by conversion of the normal prion protein to an abnormal configuration via a post-translational process. In humans, these conditions generally feature DEMENTIA, ataxia, and a fatal outcome. Diseases in this category include CREUTZFELDT-JAKOB SYNDROME; GERSTMANN-STRAUSSLER-SCHEINKER SYNDROME; KURU; SCRAPIE; fatal familial insomnia; bovine spongiform encephalopathy (see ENCEPHALOPATHY, BOVINE SPONGIFORM); transmissible mink encephalopathy; and chronic wasting disease of mule deer and elk. Pathologic features include a spongiform encephalopathy without evidence of inflammation. The literature occasionally refers to these as unconventional SLOW VIRUS DISEASES. (From Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1998 Nov 10;95(23):13363-83)

Human Ubiquitin
A highly conserved 76-amino acid peptide universally found in eukaryotic cells that functions as a marker for intracellular PROTEIN TRANSPORT and degradation. Ubiquitin becomes activated through a series of complicated steps and forms an isopeptide bond to lysine residues of specific proteins within the cell. These ""ubiquitinated"" proteins can be recognized and degraded by proteosomes or be transported to specific compartments within the cell.

Human Urinary Gastric Inhibitor
A 6 kD polypeptide growth factor initially discovered in mouse submaxillary glands. Human epidermal growth factor was originally isolated from urine based on its ability to inhibit gastric secretion and called urogastrone. EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR exerts a wide variety of biological effects including the promotion of proliferation and differentiation of mesenchymal and epithelial cells.

Human Volunteer
Moral, legal, ethical, social, and religious aspects of experiments on humans but not the routine conduct of clinical research.

Human Volunteers
Moral, legal, ethical, social, and religious aspects of experiments on humans but not the routine conduct of clinical research.

Human Wart Virus, Infectious
A species of PAPILLOMAVIRUS causing warts in humans. These benign, squamous epithelial tumors can sometimes progress to malignancy.

Human-Pet Bonding
The emotional attachment of individuals to pets.

Human-Pet Bondings
The emotional attachment of individuals to pets.

Humanism
An ethical system which emphasizes human values and the personal worth of each individual, as well as concern for the dignity and freedom of humankind.

Humanitarianism
Consideration and concern for others, as opposed to self-love or egoism, which can be a motivating influence.

Humate P
Blood-coagulation factor VIII. Antihemophilic factor that is part of the factor VIII/von Willebrand factor complex. Factor VIII is produced in the liver and acts in the intrinsic pathway of blood coagulation. It serves as a cofactor in factor X activation and this action is markedly enhanced by small amounts of thrombin.

Humate-P
Blood-coagulation factor VIII. Antihemophilic factor that is part of the factor VIII/von Willebrand factor complex. Factor VIII is produced in the liver and acts in the intrinsic pathway of blood coagulation. It serves as a cofactor in factor X activation and this action is markedly enhanced by small amounts of thrombin.

HumateP
Blood-coagulation factor VIII. Antihemophilic factor that is part of the factor VIII/von Willebrand factor complex. Factor VIII is produced in the liver and acts in the intrinsic pathway of blood coagulation. It serves as a cofactor in factor X activation and this action is markedly enhanced by small amounts of thrombin.

Humatin
Humatin is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): paromomycin sulfate.

Humatrope
Humatrope is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): somatropin recombinant.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
--------------------------------------

Human Experimentation
Moral, legal, ethical, social, and religious aspects of experiments on humans but not the routine conduct of clinical research.

Human enterovirus D
A species of ENTEROVIRUS infecting humans and consisting of 2 serotypes: Human enterovirus 68 and Human enterovirus 70.

Human enterovirus C
A species of ENTEROVIRUS infecting humans and containing 11 serotypes, all coxsackieviruses.

Human Factor H
A beta-globulin that binds to complement 3b and makes iC3b (inactivated complement 3b) susceptible to cleavage by COMPLEMENT FACTOR I. Complement factor H also acts as an alternative pathway complement inhibitor by interfering with the binding of properdin factor B to C3b.

Human herpesvirus 1
The type species of SIMPLEXVIRUS causing most forms of non-genital herpes simplex in humans. Primary infection occurs mainly in infants and young children and then the virus becomes latent in the dorsal root ganglion. It then is periodically reactivated throughout life causing mostly benign conditions.

Human Herpes Virus 4 Infections

Human Growth Hormone
Synthetic or naturally occuring growth hormone from the human pituitary gland. It is given to children with open epiphyses for the treatment of pituitary dwarfism. (From Reynolds JEF(Ed): Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (electronic version). Micromedex, Inc, Englewood, CO, 1995)

Human hepatitis A virus
A strain of HEPATITIS A VIRUS which causes hepatitis in humans. The virus replicates in hepatocytes and is presumed to reach the intestine via the bile duct. Transmission occurs by the fecal-oral route.

Human Glandular Kallikreins
A family of trpysin-like SERINE ENDOPEPTIDASES that are expressed in a variety of cell types including human prostate epithelial cells. They are formed from tissue prokallikrein by action with TRYPSIN. They are highly similar to PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN. EC 3.4.21.35.

Human Glandular Kallikrein 2
A family of trpysin-like SERINE ENDOPEPTIDASES that are expressed in a variety of cell types including human prostate epithelial cells. They are formed from tissue prokallikrein by action with TRYPSIN. They are highly similar to PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN. EC 3.4.21.35.

Human Glandular Kallikrein 1
A family of trpysin-like SERINE ENDOPEPTIDASES that are expressed in a variety of cell types including human prostate epithelial cells. They are formed from tissue prokallikrein by action with TRYPSIN. They are highly similar to PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN. EC 3.4.21.35.

   We thank you for using the Health Dictionary to search for Human Herpes Virus 4 Infections. If you have a better definition for Human Herpes Virus 4 Infections than the one presented here, please let us know by making use of the suggest a term option. This definition of Human Herpes Virus 4 Infections may be disputed by other professionals. Our attempt is to provide easy definitions on Human Herpes Virus 4 Infections and any other medical topic for the public at large.
 
This dictionary contains 59020 terms.      









  
                    © Health Dictionary 2005 - All rights reserved -

   humanherpesvirus4infections / uman herpes virus 4 infections / hman herpes virus 4 infections / huan herpes virus 4 infections / humn herpes virus 4 infections / huma herpes virus 4 infections / humanherpes virus 4 infections / human erpes virus 4 infections / human hrpes virus 4 infections / human hepes virus 4 infections / human heres virus 4 infections / human herps virus 4 infections / human herpe virus 4 infections / human herpesvirus 4 infections / human herpes irus 4 infections / human herpes vrus 4 infections / human herpes vius 4 infections / human herpes virs 4 infections / human herpes viru 4 infections / human herpes virus4 infections / human herpes virus infections / human herpes virus 4infections / human herpes virus 4 nfections / human herpes virus 4 ifections / human herpes virus 4 inections / human herpes virus 4 infctions / human herpes virus 4 infetions / human herpes virus 4 infecions / human herpes virus 4 infectons / human herpes virus 4 infectins / human herpes virus 4 infectios / human herpes virus 4 infection / hhuman herpes virus 4 infections / huuman herpes virus 4 infections / humman herpes virus 4 infections / humaan herpes virus 4 infections / humann herpes virus 4 infections / human herpes virus 4 infections / human hherpes virus 4 infections / human heerpes virus 4 infections / human herrpes virus 4 infections / human herppes virus 4 infections / human herpees virus 4 infections / human herpess virus 4 infections / human herpes virus 4 infections / human herpes vvirus 4 infections / human herpes viirus 4 infections / human herpes virrus 4 infections / human herpes viruus 4 infections / human herpes viruss 4 infections / human herpes virus 4 infections / human herpes virus 44 infections / human herpes virus 4 infections / human herpes virus 4 iinfections / human herpes virus 4 innfections / human herpes virus 4 inffections / human herpes virus 4 infeections / human herpes virus 4 infecctions / human herpes virus 4 infecttions / human herpes virus 4 infectiions / human herpes virus 4 infectioons / human herpes virus 4 infectionns / human herpes virus 4 infectionss / yuman herpes virus 4 infections / uuman herpes virus 4 infections / juman herpes virus 4 infections / numan herpes virus 4 infections / buman herpes virus 4 infections / guman herpes virus 4 infections / tuman herpes virus 4 infections / h7man herpes virus 4 infections / h8man herpes virus 4 infections / himan herpes virus 4 infections / hkman herpes virus 4 infections / hjman herpes virus 4 infections / hhman herpes virus 4 infections / hyman herpes virus 4 infections / h6man herpes virus 4 infections / hunan herpes virus 4 infections / hujan herpes virus 4 infections / hukan herpes virus 4 infections / hu,an herpes virus 4 infections / hu an herpes virus 4 infections / humqn herpes virus 4 infections / humwn herpes virus 4 infections / humsn herpes virus 4 infections / humxn herpes virus 4 infections / humzn herpes virus 4 infections / humab herpes virus 4 infections / humah herpes virus 4 infections / humaj herpes virus 4 infections / humam herpes virus 4 infections / huma herpes virus 4 infections / human yerpes virus 4 infections / human uerpes virus 4 infections / human jerpes virus 4 infections / human nerpes virus 4 infections / human berpes virus 4 infections / human gerpes virus 4 infections / human terpes virus 4 infections / human h3rpes virus 4 infections / human h4rpes virus 4 infections / human hrrpes virus 4 infections / human hfrpes virus 4 infections / human hdrpes virus 4 infections / human hsrpes virus 4 infections / human hwrpes virus 4 infections / human he4pes virus 4 infections / human he5pes virus 4 infections / human hetpes virus 4 infections / human hegpes virus 4 infections / human hefpes virus 4 infections / human hedpes virus 4 infections / human heepes virus 4 infections / human he3pes virus 4 infections / human her0es virus 4 infections / human her-es virus 4 infections / human her[es virus 4 infections / human her;es virus 4 infections / human herles virus 4 infections / human heroes virus 4 infections / human her9es virus 4 infections / human herp3s virus 4 infections / human herp4s virus 4 infections / human herprs virus 4 infections / human herpfs virus 4 infections / human herpds virus 4 infections / human herpss virus 4 infections / human herpws virus 4 infections / human herpew virus 4 infections / human herpee virus 4 infections / human herped virus 4 infections / human herpex virus 4 infections / human herpez virus 4 infections / human herpea virus 4 infections / human herpeq virus 4 infections / human herpes cirus 4 infections / human herpes dirus 4 infections / human herpes firus 4 infections / human herpes girus 4 infections / human herpes birus 4 infections / human herpes irus 4 infections / human herpes vrus 4 infections / human herpes vi4us 4 infections / human herpes vi5us 4 infections / human herpes vitus 4 infections / human herpes vigus 4 infections / human herpes vifus 4 infections / human herpes vidus 4 infections / human herpes vieus 4 infections / human herpes vi3us 4 infections / human herpes vir7s 4 infections / human herpes vir8s 4 infections / human herpes viris 4 infections / human herpes virks 4 infections / human herpes virjs 4 infections / human herpes virhs 4 infections / human herpes virys 4 infections / human herpes vir6s 4 infections / human herpes viruw 4 infections / human herpes virue 4 infections / human herpes virud 4 infections / human herpes virux 4 infections / human herpes viruz 4 infections / human herpes virua 4 infections / human herpes viruq 4 infections / human herpes virus 5 infections / human herpes virus t infections / human herpes virus r infections / human herpes virus e infections / human herpes virus 3 infections / human herpes virus 4 nfections / human herpes virus 4 ibfections / human herpes virus 4 ihfections / human herpes virus 4 ijfections / human herpes virus 4 imfections / human herpes virus 4 i fections / human herpes virus 4 inrections / human herpes virus 4 intections / human herpes virus 4 ingections / human herpes virus 4 inbections / human herpes virus 4 invections / human herpes virus 4 incections / human herpes virus 4 indections / human herpes virus 4 ineections / human herpes virus 4 inf3ctions / human herpes virus 4 inf4ctions / human herpes virus 4 infrctions / human herpes virus 4 inffctions / human herpes virus 4 infdctions / human herpes virus 4 infsctions / human herpes virus 4 infwctions / human herpes virus 4 infextions / human herpes virus 4 infestions / human herpes virus 4 infedtions / human herpes virus 4 infeftions / human herpes virus 4 infevtions / human herpes virus 4 infe tions / human herpes virus 4 infec5ions / human herpes virus 4 infec6ions / human herpes virus 4 infecyions / human herpes virus 4 infechions / human herpes virus 4 infecgions / human herpes virus 4 infecfions / human herpes virus 4 infecrions / human herpes virus 4 infec4ions / human herpes virus 4 infectons / human herpes virus 4 infecti9ns / human herpes virus 4 infecti0ns / human herpes virus 4 infectipns / human herpes virus 4 infectilns / human herpes virus 4 infectikns / human herpes virus 4 infectiins / human herpes virus 4 infecti8ns / human herpes virus 4 infectiobs / human herpes virus 4 infectiohs / human herpes virus 4 infectiojs / human herpes virus 4 infectioms / human herpes virus 4 infectio s / human herpes virus 4 infectionw / human herpes virus 4 infectione / human herpes virus 4 infectiond / human herpes virus 4 infectionx / human herpes virus 4 infectionz / human herpes virus 4 infectiona / human herpes virus 4 infectionq /