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   A yellow metallic element with the atomic symbol Au, atomic number 79, and atomic weight 197. It is used in jewelry, goldplating of other metals, as currency, and in dental restoration. Many of its clinical applications are in the form of its salts.


Replacement of portion of a damaged tooth.

That which can be observed in patients. Research that uses patients to test new treatments, as opposed to laboratory testing or research in animals.



Goblet Cell
Cells of the epithelial lining that produce and secrete mucins.

Goatpox viruses
A genus of the family POXVIRIDAE, subfamily CHORDOPOXVIRINAE, comprising poxviruses infecting sheep, goats, and cattle. Transmission is usually mechanical by arthropods, but also includes contact, airborne routes, and non-living reservoirs (fomites).

Goiter, Substernal
An enlarged thyroid gland where the enlarged gland is situated beneath the sternum. (Dorland, 27th ed)

Goiter, Nodular
An enlarged thyroid gland containing circumscribed nodules within its substance. (Dorland, 27th ed)

Gold Alloys
Alloys that contain a high percentage of gold. They are used in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.


Gold Anti-Rheumatic Agents
Gold salts that are effective in the therapy of rheumatoid arthritis. These compounds usually do not have analgesic activity. Since these compounds are poorly absorbed from the intestinal tract, they are usually given intramuscularly.

Gold Radioisotopes
Unstable isotopes of gold that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Au 185-196, 198-201, and 203 are radioactive gold isotopes.

Gold Disodium Thiomalate, Monohydrate
A variable mixture of the mono- and disodium salts of gold thiomalic acid used mainly for its anti-inflammatory action in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. It is most effective in active progressive rheumatoid arthritis and of little or no value in the presence of extensive deformities or in the treatment of other forms of arthritis.

Gold Isotopes
Stable gold atoms that have the same atomic number as the element gold, but differ in atomic weight. Au-197 is a stable isotope.

Gold Compounds
Inorganic compounds that contain gold as an integral part of the molecule.

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