Gamete
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  Gamete



Gamete

   



SIMILAR TERMS
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Game, Experimental
Games designed to provide information on hypotheses, policies, procedure or strategies.

Game, Video
A form of interactive entertainment in which the player controls electronically generated images that appear on a video display screen. This includes video games played in the home on special machines or home computers, and those played in arcades. (McGraw Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology, 7th ed, v19, p223)

Gamene
Gamene is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): lindane.

Games, Experimental
Games designed to provide information on hypotheses, policies, procedure or strategies.

Games, Video
A form of interactive entertainment in which the player controls electronically generated images that appear on a video display screen. This includes video games played in the home on special machines or home computers, and those played in arcades. (McGraw Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology, 7th ed, v19, p223)

Gamete intra-Fallopian transfer
A treatment for infertility in which sperm and surgically removed eggs areinserted into the Fallopian tube at the same time, in the hope that the egg will be fertilized and implant.

Gamete intra-Fallopian tube transfer
An infertility treatment similar to IVF that involves removing eggs from a woman's ovaries, inserting them into the Fallopian tube with sperm, and allowing them to fertilize on their own.

Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT)
Method of treating infertility by removing eggs from a woman's ovaries, combining them with sperm from her partner or a donor in the laboratory, then placing the eggs and sperm together in one of her fallopian tubes, where fertilization can occur.

Gametes
The reproductive cells in multicellular organisms.

Gametic
Pertaining to the gamete (the sperm or eggs).

Gametic selection
Preferential selection of gametes (germ cells -- sperm or eggs). Gametic selection is a mechanism of transmission distortion.

Gametogeneses
The first phase of sexual reproduction which involves the transforming of certain cells in the parent into specialized reproductive cells.

Gametogenesis
The development and production of the male and female germ cells required to form a new individual. The male and female germ cells are called gametes. The gametes in human males are produced by the testes, two globe-shaped reproductive organs just below the penis. Male gametes are what most people refer to as sperm. Gametes in human females are produced by the ovaries, two oblong organs on each side of the uterus in the lower abdomen. Female gametes are what most people refer to as eggs or ova. During sexual intercourse, an ejaculated sperm cell penetrates an egg and unites with it (fertilizes it). The fertilized egg is called the zygote.

Gametophobia
An abnormal and persistent fear of being married. Sufferers of gametophobia experience undue anxiety even though they may rationally realize that the married state itself poses no threat to them. They may fear the challenge of living with another person and the responsibility of rearing a family. Or they may worry about failing as a sexual partner.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Glaucoma
A disease of the eye marked by increased pressure within the eyeball. If left untreated, glaucoma can damage the optic nerve and cause loss of vision

Golgi apparatus
A cytoplasmic organelle which is composed of flattened sacs resembling smooth endoplasmic reticulum. The sacs are often cup-shaped and located near the nucleus, the open side of the cup generally facing toward the cell surface. The function of the Golgi apparatus is to accept vesicles from the endoplasmic reticulum, to modify the contents, and to distribute the products to other parts of the cell or to the cellular environment.

Gamete

Gynandromorph
An individual that is a mosaic of male and female structures. The underlying cause is frequently sex chromosome mosaicism, such that some cells are chromosomal females while others are chromosomal males. Mosaic individuals having simultaneous aspects of both the male and the female phenotype.

Genotype
Genotype is the genetic makeup of an individual organism.

Gene
1. A unit of DNA that carries information for the biosynthesis of a specific product in the cell. 2. Ultimate unit by which inheritable characteristics are transmitted to succeeding generations in all living organisms. Genes are contained by, and arranged along the length of, the chromosome. The gene is composed of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). Each chromosome of each species has a definite number and arrangement of genes, which govern both the structure and metabolic functions of the cells and thus of the entire organism.

Guanine
(guanine triphosphate) One of the 4 types of nucleotides that make up DNA. Base pairs with cytosine by 3 hydrogen bonds.

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