Female
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  Female



Female

   The traditional definition of female was "an individual of the sex that bears young" or "that produces ova or eggs". However, things are not so simple today. Female can be defined by physical appearance, by chromosome constitution (see Female chromosome complement), or by gender identification. Female chromosome complement: The large majority of females have a 46, XX chromosome complement (46 chromosomes including two X chromosomes). A minority of females have other chromosome constitutions such as 45,X (45 chromosomes including only one X chromosome) and 47,XXX (47 chromosomes including three X chromosomes).

RELATED TERMS
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Female
The traditional definition of female was "an individual of the sex that bears young" or "that produces ova or eggs". However, things are not so simple today. Female can be defined by physical appearance, by chromosome constitution (see Female chromosome complement), or by gender identification. Female chromosome complement: The large majority of females have a 46, XX chromosome complement (46 chromosomes including two X chromosomes). A minority of females have other chromosome constitutions such as 45,X (45 chromosomes including only one X chromosome) and 47,XXX (47 chromosomes including three X chromosomes).

Today
Today is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): nonoxynol-9.

Chromosome
A structural unit within a eukaryotic nucleus that carries genes. A chromosome consists of a long, continuous strand of DNA and associated proteins.

Gender
One's personal, social, and legal status as male or female, or mixed, on the basis of somatic and behavioral criteria more inclusive than the genital criterion and/or erotic criterion alone.

Identification
The process of becoming like someone as a sequel to assimilating or copying that person's activities, behavior, and reactions. The term is applied especially to the differentiation of G-I/R (gender identity/role).

Complement
A series of serum proteins involved in the mediation of immune reactions. The complement cascade is triggered classically by the interaction of antibody with specific antigen.

Females
Human adult females as cultural, psychological, sociological, political, and economic entities.

Chromosomes
Filaments of genetic material in every cell nucleus that are made up of genes and that transmit genetic information from one generation of cells to the next.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Female Adolescent
The period of life beginning with the appearance of secondary sex characteristics and terminating with the cessation of somatic growth. The years usually referred to as adolescence lie between 13 and 18 years of age.

Female Adolescents
The period of life beginning with the appearance of secondary sex characteristics and terminating with the cessation of somatic growth. The years usually referred to as adolescence lie between 13 and 18 years of age.

Female Circumcision
A general term encompassing three types of excision of the external female genitalia - Sunna, clitoridectomy, and infibulation. It is associated with severe health risks and has been declared illegal in many places, but continues to be widely practiced in a number of countries, particularly in Africa.

Female Circumcisions
A general term encompassing three types of excision of the external female genitalia - Sunna, clitoridectomy, and infibulation. It is associated with severe health risks and has been declared illegal in many places, but continues to be widely practiced in a number of countries, particularly in Africa.

Female condom
It consists of a lubricated polyurethane sheath shaped similarly to the male condom. The closed end, which has a flexible ring, is inserted into the vagina, while the open end remains outside, partially covering the labia. The female condom, like the male condom, is available without a prescription and, like the male condom, is intended for one-time use. A female condom should not be used together with a male condom because they may not both stay in place.

Female Condom
A soft, loose-fitting polyurethane sheath, closed at one end, with flexible rings at both ends. The device is inserted into the vagina by compressing the inner ring and pushing it in. Properly positioned, the ring at the closed end covers the cervix, and the sheath lines the walls of the vagina. The outer ring remains outside the vagina, covering the labia. (Med Lett Drugs Ther 1993 Dec 24;35(12):123)

Female Condoms
A soft, loose-fitting polyurethane sheath, closed at one end, with flexible rings at both ends. The device is inserted into the vagina by compressing the inner ring and pushing it in. Properly positioned, the ring at the closed end covers the cervix, and the sheath lines the walls of the vagina. The outer ring remains outside the vagina, covering the labia. (Med Lett Drugs Ther 1993 Dec 24;35(12):123)

Female Contraception
Use of agents, devices, methods, or procedures which diminish the likelihood of or prevent conception.

Female Contraceptive Agents
Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in females. Use for female contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.

Female Contraceptive Device
Contraceptive devices used by females.

Female Contraceptive Devices
Contraceptive devices used by females.

Female Contraceptives
Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in females. Use for female contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.

Female external genitalia
The external genital organs of the female, comprising the pudendum, clitoris, and female urethra.

Female Fertility Agents
Compounds which increase the capacity to conceive in females.

Female Fertility Agents, Synthetic
Compounds which increase the capacity to conceive in females.

Female Genital Tuberculoses
Tuberculosis of the genitalia in women.

Female Genital Tuberculosis
Tuberculosis of the genitalia in women.

Female genitalia
The genital organs of the female. These are usually separated by convention into the external and internal genitalia.

Female gonad
The female gonad, the ovary or "egg sac", is one of a pair of reproductive glands in women. They are located in the pelvis, one on each side of the uterus. Each ovary is about the size and shape of an almond. The ovaries have two functions: they produce eggs (ova) and female hormones.

Female Homosexuality
Sexual attraction or relationship between females.

Female Infertility
Diminished or absent ability of a female to achieve conception.

Female Infertility Agents
Compounds which increase the capacity to conceive in females.

Female Infertility Drugs
Compounds which increase the capacity to conceive in females.

Female Inhibin
Glycoproteins that inhibit pituitary FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE secretion. Inhibins are secreted by the Sertoli cells of the testes, the granulosa cells of the ovarian follicles, the placenta, and other tissues. Inhibins and ACTIVINS are modulators of FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE secretions; both groups belong to the TGF-beta superfamily, as the TRANSFORMING GROWTH FACTOR BETA. Inhibins consist of a disulfide-linked heterodimer with a unique alpha linked to either a beta A or a beta B subunit to form inhibin A or inhibin B, respectively

Female Inhibins
Glycoproteins that inhibit pituitary FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE secretion. Inhibins are secreted by the Sertoli cells of the testes, the granulosa cells of the ovarian follicles, the placenta, and other tissues. Inhibins and ACTIVINS are modulators of FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE secretions; both groups belong to the TGF-beta superfamily, as the TRANSFORMING GROWTH FACTOR BETA. Inhibins consist of a disulfide-linked heterodimer with a unique alpha linked to either a beta A or a beta B subunit to form inhibin A or inhibin B, respectively

Female internal genitalia
The internal genital structures of the female, comprising the ovaries, the Fallopian tubes, the uterus (womb), the cervix, and the vagina. These are, collectively, the female organs of reproduction.

Female organs of reproduction
The internal genital structures of the female include the ovaries, the Fallopian tubes, the uterus (womb) and the vagina.

Female orgasmic dysfunction
Failure of a female to achieve an orgasm (climax) during sexual intercourse. This disorder can originate in psychological or emotional problems such as stress, anxiety, depression, fatigue, worry, guilt, fear of painful intercourse and fear of pregnancy. It can also develop from the undesirability of a partner, the undesirability of a setting, and the use of alcohol or drugs.

Female pelvis
The lower part of the abdomen located between the hip bones in the female. There are significant differences in the anatomy of the pelvis in the female and male.

Female Sterility
Diminished or absent ability of a female to achieve conception.

Female Sterilization
Procedures for the purpose of rendering individuals incapable of reproduction.

Female Sterilization, Voluntary
Procedures for the purpose of rendering individuals incapable of reproduction.

Female Sterilizations
Procedures for the purpose of rendering individuals incapable of reproduction.

Female Sterilizations, Voluntary
Procedures for the purpose of rendering individuals incapable of reproduction.

Female urethral meatus
The urethra is the transport tube leading from the bladder to discharge urine outside the body. In females the urethra is shorter than in the male. The meatus (opening) of the female urethra is above the vaginal opening.

Female urethral opening
The urethra is the transport tube leading from the bladder to discharge urine outside the body. In females the urethra is shorter than in the male and opens above the vaginal opening.

Females
Human adult females as cultural, psychological, sociological, political, and economic entities.

Femara
Medication used in the treatment of advanced or metastatic breast cancer.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Fecundity
The ability to have children, usually lots of them with ease.

Fee for service
In health care, a payment mechanism in which a provider is paid for each individual service rendered to a patient.

Feed contaminant
A substance contaminating animal feed. Contaminants in animal feed can threaten human health. There are two classes of feed contaminants.

Feedback
Many biologic processes are controlled by feedback, just as the temperature in a home from a furnace is regulated by a thermostat.

Feet
The plural of foot, both an anatomic structure and a unit of measure. As an anatomic structure, the foot is the end of the leg on which a person normally stands and walks. The foot is a particularly complex structure made up of dozens of bones that work together with muscles and tendons to execute precise movements. The bones of the foot include the 10 metatarsal bones and the 28 phalanges (toe bones).

Female

Female condom
It consists of a lubricated polyurethane sheath shaped similarly to the male condom. The closed end, which has a flexible ring, is inserted into the vagina, while the open end remains outside, partially covering the labia. The female condom, like the male condom, is available without a prescription and, like the male condom, is intended for one-time use. A female condom should not be used together with a male condom because they may not both stay in place.

Female external genitalia
The external genital organs of the female, comprising the pudendum, clitoris, and female urethra.

Female genitalia
The genital organs of the female. These are usually separated by convention into the external and internal genitalia.

Female gonad
The female gonad, the ovary or "egg sac", is one of a pair of reproductive glands in women. They are located in the pelvis, one on each side of the uterus. Each ovary is about the size and shape of an almond. The ovaries have two functions: they produce eggs (ova) and female hormones.

Female internal genitalia
The internal genital structures of the female, comprising the ovaries, the Fallopian tubes, the uterus (womb), the cervix, and the vagina. These are, collectively, the female organs of reproduction.

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