Donor
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  Donor



Donor

   A person who gives an organ, tissue or blood to another person. A compatible donor is a person who has the same tissue and blood types as the person who receives the organ, tissue or blood.

RELATED TERMS
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Organ
A structural unit of an animal or plant that serves a specific function.

Tissue
Biological tissue is a group of cells that perform a similar function.The study of tissues is known as histology, or, in connection with disease, histopathology.The classical tools for studying the tissues are the wax block, the tissue stain, and the optical microscope, though developments in electron microscopy, immunofluorescence, and frozen sections have all added to the sum of knowledge in the last couple of decades.

Blood
The life-maintaining fluid which is made up of plasma, red blood cells (erythrocytes), white blood cells (leukocytes), and platelets; blood circulates through the body's heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries; it carries away waste matter and carbon dioxide, and brings nourishment, electrolytes, hormones, vitamins, antibodies, heat, and oxygen to the tissues.

Donor
A person who gives an organ, tissue or blood to another person. A compatible donor is a person who has the same tissue and blood types as the person who receives the organ, tissue or blood.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Donor Card
The administrative procedures involved with acquiring organs for transplantation through various programs, systems, or organizations. It includes obtaining consent and arranging for transportation of donor organs, after TISSUE HARVESTING, to the hospital for processing and transplant.

Donor Cards
The administrative procedures involved with acquiring organs for transplantation through various programs, systems, or organizations. It includes obtaining consent and arranging for transportation of donor organs, after TISSUE HARVESTING, to the hospital for processing and transplant.

Donor insemination
Or Artificial insemination (AI. Deposition of sperm from a male donor inside a female reproductive tract for the purpose of achieving pregnancy.

Donor lymphocyte infusion
(DLI) A cancer treatment in which lymphocytes from a bone marrow donor are infused into the person who received the original bone marrow transplant. The goal of donor lymphocyte infusion is to induce a remission of the cancer by a process called the graft-versus-tumor (GVT) effect. Donor lymphocyte infusion is basically meant to boost the GVT effect. The donor lymphocytes, which are T cells, attack and kill residual cancer cells. That is the strategy. Donor lymphocyte infusion has mainly been used to treat relapsed chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). Patients with relapsed acute leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), myelodysplasia (MDS), Hodgkin disease, non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), and multiple myeloma have also been treated by donor leukocyte infusion.

Donor Site, Splice
Nucleotide sequences located at the ends of exons and recognized in pre-messenger RNA by the SPLICESOME. They are joined during the RNA SPLICING reaction, forming the junctions between exons.

Donor Sites, Splice
Nucleotide sequences located at the ends of exons and recognized in pre-messenger RNA by the SPLICESOME. They are joined during the RNA SPLICING reaction, forming the junctions between exons.

Donor, Living
Non-cadaveric providers of organs for transplant to related or non-related recipients.

Donor, Organ
Individuals suppling living tissue, organs, cells, blood or blood components for transfer or transplantation to histocompatible recipients.

Donor, Ovum
Individuals suppling living tissue, organs, cells, blood or blood components for transfer or transplantation to histocompatible recipients.

Donor, Semen
Individuals suppling living tissue, organs, cells, blood or blood components for transfer or transplantation to histocompatible recipients.

Donor, Tissue
Individuals suppling living tissue, organs, cells, blood or blood components for transfer or transplantation to histocompatible recipients.

Donor, universal
A person who is type O in the ABO blood group system and can donate blood to all recipients.

Donors
Individuals suppling living tissue, organs, cells, blood or blood components for transfer or transplantation to histocompatible recipients.

Donors, Living
Non-cadaveric providers of organs for transplant to related or non-related recipients.

Donors, Nitric Oxide
A diverse group of agents, with unique chemical structures and biochemical requirements, which generate NITRIC OXIDE. These compounds have been used in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases and the management of acute myocardial infarction, acute and chronic congestive heart failure, and surgical control of blood pressure. (Adv Pharmacol 1995;34:361-81)

Donors, Organ
Individuals suppling living tissue, organs, cells, blood or blood components for transfer or transplantation to histocompatible recipients.

Donors, Ovum
Individuals suppling living tissue, organs, cells, blood or blood components for transfer or transplantation to histocompatible recipients.

Donors, Semen
Individuals suppling living tissue, organs, cells, blood or blood components for transfer or transplantation to histocompatible recipients.

Donors, Tissue
Individuals suppling living tissue, organs, cells, blood or blood components for transfer or transplantation to histocompatible recipients.

Donostiako Ospitaletegia
Donostiako Ospitaletegia is a hospital in San Sebastian, Basque Country (Spain).

Donovania
A genus of bacteria causing GRANULOMA INGUINALE and other granulomatous lesions.

Donovanosis
Anogenital ulcers caused by Calymmatobacterium granulomatis as distinguished from lymphogranuloma inguinale (see LYMPHOGRANULOMA VENEREUM) caused by CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS. Diagnosis is made by demonstration of typical intracellular Donovan bodies in crushed-tissue smears.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Diastolic Pressure
The pressure of the blood in the arteries when the heart is filling. It is the lower of two blood pressure measurements, e.g., 120/80, where 80 is the diastolic pressure.

Diastolic
The lower number in a blood pressure reading that indicates the pressure in the heart when the muscle is relaxed (the point of least pressure).

Dilated cardiomyopathy
A disease of the myocardium (heart muscle) that causes the heart cavity to become stretched and enlarged, and the pumping capacity of the heart is reduced.

Dilatation
The increase in size of a blood vessel.

DNR Order (Do Not Resuscitate Order)
An advanced directive that means no CPR is to be done when the heart and lungs stop.

Donor

D-dimer
A fragment produced during the degradation of a clot. The D here stands for domain. Dimer indicates two identical units, in this case two identical domains. D-dimer result from complete breakdown of the clot. Monoclonal antibody to the D-dimer fragment provide the basis for the main methods of detecting it. The presence of D-dimers in the blood is a reliable clue that clotting has begun. Sometimes written d-dimer or D-Dimer. Pronounced deemer.

D-IBS
Diarrhea-predominant IBS (irritable bowel syndrome).

D O
Abbreviation for Doctor of Osteopathy, an osteopathic physician.

Dacry
Combining form used before a vowel to denote a relationship to tears.

Dacryo
A combining form denoting tears, as in dacryocyst (tear sac) and dacryocystorhinostomy (surgery to open up a tear duct).

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