Diverticulitis
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  Diverticulitis



Diverticulitis

    A condition that occurs when small pouches in the colon (diverticula) become infected or irritated. Also called left-sided appendicitis.

RELATED TERMS
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Condition
The term "condition" has a number of biomedical meanings including the following: 1.An unhealthy state, such as in "this is a progressive condition." 2.A state of fitness, such as "getting into condition." 3.Something that is essential to the occurrence of something else; essentially a "precondition." 4.As a verb: to cause a change in something so that a response that was previously associated with a certain stimulus becomes associated with another stimulus; to condition a person, as in behavioral conditioning.

Colon
Another name for the large intestine. The section of the large intestine extending from the cecum to the rectum. An adult colon is approximately five to six feet in length and is responsible for absorbing water and forming, storing and expelling waste.

Appendicitis
Inflammation of the appendix.



SIMILAR TERMS
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DIVEMA
Copolymer of divinyl ether and maleic anhydride that acts as an immunostimulant with antineoplastic and anti-infective properties. It is used in combination with other antineoplastic agents.

Divergent Strabismus
A form of ocular misalignment where the visual axes diverge inappropriately. For example, medial rectus muscle weakness may produce this condition as the affected eye will deviate laterally upon attempted forward gaze. An exotropia occurs due to the relatively unopposed force exerted on the eye by the lateral rectus muscle, which pulls the eye in an outward direction.

Diversification, Hospital
Reorganization of the hospital corporate structure.

Diversion, Bilio Pancreatic
A surgical procedure which diverts pancreatobiliary secretions via the duodenum and the jejunum into the colon, the remaining small intestine being anastomosed to the stomach after antrectomy. The procedure produces less diarrhea than does jejunoileal bypass.

Diversion, Bilio-Pancreatic
A surgical procedure which diverts pancreatobiliary secretions via the duodenum and the jejunum into the colon, the remaining small intestine being anastomosed to the stomach after antrectomy. The procedure produces less diarrhea than does jejunoileal bypass.

Diversion, Biliopancreatic
A surgical procedure which diverts pancreatobiliary secretions via the duodenum and the jejunum into the colon, the remaining small intestine being anastomosed to the stomach after antrectomy. The procedure produces less diarrhea than does jejunoileal bypass.

Diversion, Roux-en-Y
A Y-shaped surgical anastomosis of any part of the digestive system which includes the small intestine as the eventual drainage site.

Diversions, Bilio Pancreatic
A surgical procedure which diverts pancreatobiliary secretions via the duodenum and the jejunum into the colon, the remaining small intestine being anastomosed to the stomach after antrectomy. The procedure produces less diarrhea than does jejunoileal bypass.

Diversions, Bilio-Pancreatic
A surgical procedure which diverts pancreatobiliary secretions via the duodenum and the jejunum into the colon, the remaining small intestine being anastomosed to the stomach after antrectomy. The procedure produces less diarrhea than does jejunoileal bypass.

Diversions, Biliopancreatic
A surgical procedure which diverts pancreatobiliary secretions via the duodenum and the jejunum into the colon, the remaining small intestine being anastomosed to the stomach after antrectomy. The procedure produces less diarrhea than does jejunoileal bypass.

Diversions, Roux-en-Y
A Y-shaped surgical anastomosis of any part of the digestive system which includes the small intestine as the eventual drainage site.

Diversities, Antibody
The phenomenon of immense variability characteristic of antibodies, which enables the immune system to react specifically against the essentially unlimited kinds of antigens it encounters. Antibody diversity is accounted for by three main theories: 1) the Germ Line Theory, which holds that each antibody-producing cell has genes coding for all possible antibody specificities, but expresses only the one stimulated by antigen; 2) the Somatic Mutation Theory, which holds that antibody-producing cells contain only a few genes, which produce antibody diversity by mutation; and 3) the Gene Rearrangement Theory, which holds that antibody diversity is generated by the rearrangement of variable region gene segments during the differentiation of the antibody-producing cells.

Diversities, Cultural
Coexistence of numerous distinct ethnic, racial, religious, or cultural groups within one social unit, organization, or population. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed., 1982, p955)

Diversity Exon
The parts of a genetic transcript remaining after the INTRONS are removed and which are spliced together to become a messenger or structural RNA.

Diversity Exons
The parts of a genetic transcript remaining after the INTRONS are removed and which are spliced together to become a messenger or structural RNA.

Diversity, Antibody
The phenomenon of immense variability characteristic of antibodies, which enables the immune system to react specifically against the essentially unlimited kinds of antigens it encounters. Antibody diversity is accounted for by three main theories: 1) the Germ Line Theory, which holds that each antibody-producing cell has genes coding for all possible antibody specificities, but expresses only the one stimulated by antigen; 2) the Somatic Mutation Theory, which holds that antibody-producing cells contain only a few genes, which produce antibody diversity by mutation; and 3) the Gene Rearrangement Theory, which holds that antibody diversity is generated by the rearrangement of variable region gene segments during the differentiation of the antibody-producing cells.

Diversity, Cultural
Coexistence of numerous distinct ethnic, racial, religious, or cultural groups within one social unit, organization, or population. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed., 1982, p955)

Diversity, Genetic
The phenotypic differences among individuals in a population.

Diverticula
Plural form of diverticulum.

Diverticula, Arachnoid
Intracranial or spinal cavities containing a cerebrospinal-like fluid, the wall of which is composed of arachnoidal cells. They are most often developmental or related to trauma. Intracranial arachnoid cysts usually occur adjacent to arachnoidal cistern and may present with HYDROCEPHALUS; HEADACHE; SEIZURES; and focal neurologic signs. Spinal arachnoid cysts may be extradural, intradural, or perineural and tend to present with signs and symptoms indicative of a RADICULOPATHY. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1994, Ch44, pp105-115)

Diverticula, Esophageal
Saccular, outward protrusion of all or a portion of the esophageal wall from the lumen of the esophagus.

Diverticula, Esophago-Pharyngeal
A diverticulum at the upper end of the esophagus through the cricopharyngeal muscle.

Diverticula, Pharyngeal
A diverticulum at the upper end of the esophagus through the cricopharyngeal muscle.

Diverticula, Pharyngo-Esophageal
A diverticulum at the upper end of the esophagus through the cricopharyngeal muscle.

Diverticula, Pharyngoesophageal
A diverticulum at the upper end of the esophagus through the cricopharyngeal muscle.

Diverticula, Pharyngoesophageal Pulsion
A diverticulum at the upper end of the esophagus through the cricopharyngeal muscle.

Diverticula, Stomach
Saccular, outward protrusion of a portion of the mucous membrane of the stomach wall.

Diverticulas, Arachnoid
Intracranial or spinal cavities containing a cerebrospinal-like fluid, the wall of which is composed of arachnoidal cells. They are most often developmental or related to trauma. Intracranial arachnoid cysts usually occur adjacent to arachnoidal cistern and may present with HYDROCEPHALUS; HEADACHE; SEIZURES; and focal neurologic signs. Spinal arachnoid cysts may be extradural, intradural, or perineural and tend to present with signs and symptoms indicative of a RADICULOPATHY. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1994, Ch44, pp105-115)

Diverticulitides
Inflammation of a DIVERTICULUM or diverticula.

Diverticulitides, Colonic
Inflammatory complications of colonic diverticulosis in which diverticula may undergo perforation with abscess formation.

Diverticulitis, bleeding from
Diverticular bleeding typically occurs intermittently over several days. Colonoscopy is usually performed to confirm the diagnosis and exclude bleeding from other causes. Thermal probes cannot be employed to stop active diverticular bleeding. Therefore, surgical removal of the bleeding diverticula is necessary for those with persistent bleeding.

Diverticulitis, Colonic
Inflammatory complications of colonic diverticulosis in which diverticula may undergo perforation with abscess formation.

Diverticulitis, treatment of acute
Antibiotics are usually needed. Oral antibiotics are sufficient when symptoms are mild. Liquid or low fiber foods are advised during acute diverticulitis attacks. In severe diverticulitis with high fever and pain, patients are hospitalized and given intravenous antibiotics. Surgery is needed for persistent bowel obstruction or abscesses not responding to antibiotics.

Diverticuloses, Esophageal
Saccular, outward protrusion of all or a portion of the esophageal wall from the lumen of the esophagus.

Diverticuloses, Gastric
Saccular, outward protrusion of a portion of the mucous membrane of the stomach wall.

Diverticuloses, Stomach
Saccular, outward protrusion of a portion of the mucous membrane of the stomach wall.

Diverticulosis
A condition that occurs when small pouches (diverticula) push outward through weak spots in the colon.

Diverticulosis, Colonic
Presence of multiple herniations of the mucosa and submucosa of the colon through the circular muscle layer.

Diverticulosis, Esophageal
Saccular, outward protrusion of all or a portion of the esophageal wall from the lumen of the esophagus.

Diverticulosis, Gastric
Saccular, outward protrusion of a portion of the mucous membrane of the stomach wall.

Diverticulosis, Stomach
Saccular, outward protrusion of a portion of the mucous membrane of the stomach wall.

Diverticulosis/diverticulitis and fiber
High fiber diets help delay the progression of diverticulosis and, at least, reduce the bouts of diverticulitis.

Diverticulum
A small pouch in the colon. These pouches are not painful or harmful unless they become infected or irritated.

Diverticulum, Colon
Presence of multiple herniations of the mucosa and submucosa of the colon through the circular muscle layer.

Diverticulum, Colonic
Presence of multiple herniations of the mucosa and submucosa of the colon through the circular muscle layer.

Diverticulum, Esophageal
Saccular, outward protrusion of all or a portion of the esophageal wall from the lumen of the esophagus.

Diverticulum, Esophago-Pharyngeal
A diverticulum at the upper end of the esophagus through the cricopharyngeal muscle.

Diverticulum, Esophagopharyngeal
A diverticulum at the upper end of the esophagus through the cricopharyngeal muscle.

Diverticulum, Gastric
Saccular, outward protrusion of a portion of the mucous membrane of the stomach wall.

Diverticulum, Pharyngeal
A diverticulum at the upper end of the esophagus through the cricopharyngeal muscle.

Diverticulum, Pharyngo-Esophageal
A diverticulum at the upper end of the esophagus through the cricopharyngeal muscle.

Diverticulum, Pharyngoesophageal
A diverticulum at the upper end of the esophagus through the cricopharyngeal muscle.

Diverticulum, Pharyngoesophageal Pulsion
A diverticulum at the upper end of the esophagus through the cricopharyngeal muscle.

Diverticulum, Stomach
Saccular, outward protrusion of a portion of the mucous membrane of the stomach wall.

Diverticulum, Zenker
A diverticulum at the upper end of the esophagus through the cricopharyngeal muscle.

Diverticulums, Colon
Presence of multiple herniations of the mucosa and submucosa of the colon through the circular muscle layer.

Diverticulums, Colonic
Presence of multiple herniations of the mucosa and submucosa of the colon through the circular muscle layer.

Diverticulums, Esophagopharyngeal
A diverticulum at the upper end of the esophagus through the cricopharyngeal muscle.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Digestive system
The organs in the body that break down and absorb food. Organs that make up the digestive system are the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, and anus. Organs that help with digestion but are not part of the digestive tract are the tongue, glands in the mouth that make saliva, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder.

Digital rectal exam (DRE)
Procedure in which the physician inserts a gloved finger into the rectum to examine the rectum and the prostate gland for signs of cancer.

Distention
Bloating or swelling of the abdomen.

Diuretic
A medication that lowers blood pressure.

Diverticula
Plural form of diverticulum.

Diverticulitis

Diverticulosis
A condition that occurs when small pouches (diverticula) push outward through weak spots in the colon.

Diverticulum
A small pouch in the colon. These pouches are not painful or harmful unless they become infected or irritated.

Dopa decarboxylase inhibitors
Anti-Parkinson drugs that block the enzyme dopa decarboxylase.

Doppler ultrasound
A procedure that uses sound waves to evaluate heart, blood vessels, and valves.

Dubin-Johnson syndrome
An inherited form of chronic jaundice (yellow tint to the skin and eyes) that has no known cause.

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