Dilate
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  Dilate



Dilate

   To stretch or enlarge. It comes from the Latin verb "dilatare" meaning "to enlarge or expand."



SIMILAR TERMS
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Dilacor xr
Dilacor xr is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): diltiazem hydrochloride.

Dilacor XR
A benzothiazepine derivative with vasodilating action due to its antagonism of the actions of the calcium ion in membrane functions. It is also teratogenic.

Dilanacin
A cardiotonic glycoside obtained mainly from Digitalis lanata; it consists of three sugars and the aglycone DIGOXIGENIN. Digoxin has positive inotropic and negative chronotropic activity. It is used to control ventricular rate in ATRIAL FIBRILLATION and in the management of congestive heart failure with atrial fibrillation. Its use in congestive heart failure and sinus rhythm is less certain. The margin between toxic and therapeutic doses is small. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p666)

Dilantin
Dilantin is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): phenytoin.

Dilantin-125
Dilantin-125 is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): phenytoin.

Dilantin-30
Dilantin-30 is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): phenytoin.

Dilatation
The increase in size of a blood vessel.

Dilatation & Curettage
Dilatation of the cervix uteri followed by a scraping of the endometrium with a curette.

Dilatation and curettage
A minor operation in which the cervix is expanded enough (dilatation) to permit the cervical canal and uterine lining to be scraped with a curet (or curette), an instrument shaped like a spoon. This procedure also is called D and C.

Dilatation and Curettage
Dilatation of the cervix uteri followed by a scraping of the endometrium with a curette.

Dilatation, Balloon
Nonoperative repair of occluded vessels, ducts, or valves by insertion of a balloon catheter. It is used, amoung other things, to treat varices, torn retinas, renal and biliary calculi, gastric, bronchial and rectal stenoses, and heart valves, and includes catheterization with Fogarty and Foley catheters.

Dilatation, Cervical
Period from the onset of labor through complete dilatation of the cervix.

Dilatation, Stomach
Distention of the stomach with retained secretions, food, and/or gas due to obstruction, ileus, or denervation. (Dorland, 27th ed)

Dilatation, Transluminal Arterial
Use of a balloon catheter for dilatation of an occluded artery. It is used in treatment of arterial occlusive diseases, including renal artery stenosis and arterial occlusions in the leg. For the specific technique of balloon dilatation in coronary arteries, ANGIOPLASTY, TRANSLUMINAL, PERCUTANEOUS CORONARY is available.

Dilatations
The act of dilating.

Dilatations, Balloon
Nonoperative repair of occluded vessels, ducts, or valves by insertion of a balloon catheter. It is used, amoung other things, to treat varices, torn retinas, renal and biliary calculi, gastric, bronchial and rectal stenoses, and heart valves, and includes catheterization with Fogarty and Foley catheters.

Dilatations, Cervical
Period from the onset of labor through complete dilatation of the cervix.

Dilatations, Stomach
Distention of the stomach with retained secretions, food, and/or gas due to obstruction, ileus, or denervation. (Dorland, 27th ed)

Dilatations, Transluminal Arterial
Use of a balloon catheter for dilatation of an occluded artery. It is used in treatment of arterial occlusive diseases, including renal artery stenosis and arterial occlusions in the leg. For the specific technique of balloon dilatation in coronary arteries, ANGIOPLASTY, TRANSLUMINAL, PERCUTANEOUS CORONARY is available.

Dilated Cardiomyopathies
A syndrome characterized by cardiac enlargement and congestive heart failure. It probably represents the end result of many forms of myocardial damage produced by a variety of toxic, metabolic, or infectious agents.

Dilated cardiomyopathy
A disease of the myocardium (heart muscle) that causes the heart cavity to become stretched and enlarged, and the pumping capacity of the heart is reduced.

Dilated Cardiomyopathy
A syndrome characterized by cardiac enlargement and congestive heart failure. It probably represents the end result of many forms of myocardial damage produced by a variety of toxic, metabolic, or infectious agents.

Dilated Pupil Examination
A necessary part of an examination for diabetic eye disease. Special drops are used to enlarge the pupils, enabling the doctor to view the back of the eye for damage.

Dilating
The widening and opening of the cervix caused by uterine contractions.

Dilation
The opening of the cervix during labor.

Dilation and Curettage (D and C)
Surgical procedure in which the cervix is dilated (widened) and the endometrium (lining of the uterus) is scraped away.

Dilation, Balloon
Nonoperative repair of occluded vessels, ducts, or valves by insertion of a balloon catheter. It is used, amoung other things, to treat varices, torn retinas, renal and biliary calculi, gastric, bronchial and rectal stenoses, and heart valves, and includes catheterization with Fogarty and Foley catheters.

Dilation, pupil
This examination enables your eye care professional to see more of your retina, the light-sensitive layer of tissue at the back of your eye. Dilating (widening) the pupil permits your eye to be examined for signs of disease. To do this, drops are placed into the eye to dilate (widen) the pupil. After the examination, your vision may (or may not) remain blurred for several hours.

Dilation, pupil (test)
This examination enables your eye care professional to see more of your retina, the light-sensitive layer of tissue at the back of your eye. Dilating (widening) the pupil permits the retina to be examined for signs of disease. To do this, drops are placed into the eye to dilate (widen) the pupil. After the examination, your vision may (or may not) remain blurred and you may (or may not) be bothered by the brightness of the sun for several hours. The pupil, the opening of the iris, may appear to open (dilate) and close (constrict) but it is really the iris that is the prime mover; the pupil is merely the absence of iris. The pupil determines how much light is let into the eye.

Dilations, Balloon
Nonoperative repair of occluded vessels, ducts, or valves by insertion of a balloon catheter. It is used, amoung other things, to treat varices, torn retinas, renal and biliary calculi, gastric, bronchial and rectal stenoses, and heart valves, and includes catheterization with Fogarty and Foley catheters.

Dilatol
A beta-adrenergic agonist. Nylidrin causes peripheral vasodilation, a positive inotropic effect, and increased gastric volume of gastric juice. It is used in the treatment of peripheral vascular disorders and premature labor.

Dilator
A device used to stretch or enlarge an opening. Patients with scarring of the muscular tube through which food passes from the throat to the stomach (esophagus) can require a dilator procedure in order to open the esophagus for adequate passage of food and fluids.

Dilatrate
A vasodilator used in the treatment of angina. Its actions are similar to NITROGLYCERIN but with a slower onset of action.

Dilatrate-sr
Dilatrate-sr is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): isosorbide dinitrate.

Dilaudid
Dilaudid is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): hydromorphone hydrochloride.

Dilaudid-hp
Dilaudid-hp is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): hydromorphone hydrochloride.

Dilazep
Coronary vasodilator with some antiarrhythmic activity.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Digit, supernumerary
An extra finger or toe.

Digital rectal exam
An exam to detect abnormalities that can be felt (palpated) from within the rectum. The doctor inserts a lubricated, gloved finger into the rectum and feels for anything that is not normal.

Dihydroorotate dehydrogenase
An enzyme necessary to pyrimidine synthesis and therefore essential to the production of DNA and RNA. The drug leflunomide (Arava), an immunomodulatory agent, acts by specifically inhibiting dihydroorotate dehydrogenase.

Dihydroxyacetone
Also known as DHA, the active ingredient in most sunless tanning lotions.

Dilatation and curettage
A minor operation in which the cervix is expanded enough (dilatation) to permit the cervical canal and uterine lining to be scraped with a curet (or curette), an instrument shaped like a spoon. This procedure also is called D and C.

Dilate

Dilating
The widening and opening of the cervix caused by uterine contractions.

Dilation, pupil
This examination enables your eye care professional to see more of your retina, the light-sensitive layer of tissue at the back of your eye. Dilating (widening) the pupil permits your eye to be examined for signs of disease. To do this, drops are placed into the eye to dilate (widen) the pupil. After the examination, your vision may (or may not) remain blurred for several hours.

Dilation, pupil (test)
This examination enables your eye care professional to see more of your retina, the light-sensitive layer of tissue at the back of your eye. Dilating (widening) the pupil permits the retina to be examined for signs of disease. To do this, drops are placed into the eye to dilate (widen) the pupil. After the examination, your vision may (or may not) remain blurred and you may (or may not) be bothered by the brightness of the sun for several hours. The pupil, the opening of the iris, may appear to open (dilate) and close (constrict) but it is really the iris that is the prime mover; the pupil is merely the absence of iris. The pupil determines how much light is let into the eye.

Dilator
A device used to stretch or enlarge an opening. Patients with scarring of the muscular tube through which food passes from the throat to the stomach (esophagus) can require a dilator procedure in order to open the esophagus for adequate passage of food and fluids.

Dinucleotide
A sequence of 2 base pairs. A trinucleotide (a triplet of base pairs) may be split into a dinucleotide and a mononucleotide.

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