Diazepam
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  Diazepam



Diazepam

    A tranquilizer.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Diazacholesterol Dihydrochloride
Diaza derivative of cholesterol which acts as a hypocholesteremic agent by blocking delta-24-reductase, which causes the accumulation of desmosterol.

Diazemuls
A benzodiazepine with anticonvulsant, anxiolytic, sedative, muscle relaxant, and amnesic properties and a long duration of action. Its actions are mediated by enhancement of GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID activity. It is used in the treatment of severe anxiety disorders, as a hypnotic in the short-term management of insomnia, as a sedative and premedicant, as an anticonvulsant, and in the management of alcohol withdrawal syndrome. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p589)

Diazepam Binding Inhibitor
An 86-amino acid polypeptide, found in central and peripheral tissues, that displaces diazepam from the benzodiazepine recognition site on the gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor (RECEPTORS, GABA). It also binds medium- and long-chain acyl-CoA esters and serves as an acyl-CoA transporter. This peptide regulates lipid metabolism.

Diazepam intensol
Diazepam intensol is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): diazepam.

Diazepam Receptor
Cell surface proteins which bind GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID and control an integral membrane chloride channel. GABA-A receptors are the most prevalent inhibitory neurotransmitter receptors in the brain. Several isoforms have been cloned, and they belong to a superfamily which includes nicotinic receptors, glycine receptors, and 5HT-3 receptors. Most GABA-A receptors have separate modulatory sites sensitive to benzodiazepines and to barbiturates.

Diazepam Receptors
Cell surface proteins which bind GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID and control an integral membrane chloride channel. GABA-A receptors are the most prevalent inhibitory neurotransmitter receptors in the brain. Several isoforms have been cloned, and they belong to a superfamily which includes nicotinic receptors, glycine receptors, and 5HT-3 receptors. Most GABA-A receptors have separate modulatory sites sensitive to benzodiazepines and to barbiturates.

Diazinon
A cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an organothiophosphorus insecticide.

Diazodicarboxylic Acid Bis(N,N-dimethyl)amide
A sulfhydryl reagent which oxidizes sulfhydryl groups to the disulfide form. It is a radiation-sensitizing agent of anoxic bacterial and mammalian cells.

Diazodicarboxylic Acid Bisdimethylamide
A sulfhydryl reagent which oxidizes sulfhydryl groups to the disulfide form. It is a radiation-sensitizing agent of anoxic bacterial and mammalian cells.

Diazooxonorleucine
An amino acid that inhibits phosphate-activated glutaminase and interferes with glutamine metabolism. It is an antineoplastic antibiotic produced by an unidentified species of Streptomyces from Peruvian soil. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)

Diazoxide
Diazoxide is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): diazoxide.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Diopter
The unit used to measure the amount of refractive or focusing power of the eye. It also refers to the strength of lens required to provide clear vision. In general, the higher the refractive error, as measured in diopters, the worse the eye.

Dominant Progressive Foveal Dystrophy


Drusen
Amorphous, sub RPE material; probably the remains of the RPE as a result of atrophy. Associated, sometimes with aging and with ARMD. There may be no symptoms present in the early stages and may lead to a reduction in visual acuity later in life.

Diagnostic
Pertaining to a diagnosis; usually refers to a characteristic or criteria which is critical for a specific diagnosis.

Diagnosis
The determination of the presence of a specific disease or infection, usually accomplished by evaluating clinical symptoms and laboratory tests.

Diazepam

Dental clinic
A clinic specialized in dental treatment.

Deafness
A general term for the complete or partial loss of the ability to hear from one or both ears. Deafness may result from ear diseases; vestibulocochlear nerve diseases; or brain diseases.

Diarrhea
Passage of excessively liquid or excessively frequent stools.

Drug treatment
A treatment with one or more drugs to fight a given condition or disease. Also, a treatment against drug addiction.

Dysphasia
A cognitive disorder marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or express language in its written or spoken form. This condition is caused by diseases which affect the language areas of the dominant hemisphere. Clinical features are used to classify the various subtypes of this condition. General categories include receptive, expressive, and mixed forms of aphasia.

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