Diaphragm
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  Diaphragm



Diaphragm

    The muscle wall between the chest and the abdomen. It is the major muscle that the body uses for breathing.

RELATED TERMS
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Muscle
Tissue made up of bundles of long, slender cells that contract when stimulated.

Chest
The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains the lungs, the heart and part of the aorta. The walls of the chest are supported by the dorsal vertebrae, the ribs, and the sternum.

Abdomen
The area between the chest and the hips. Contains the stomach, small intestine, large intestine, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and spleen.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Diaper Pin
Care of infants in the home or institution.

Diaper Pins
Care of infants in the home or institution.

Diaper rash
Also called "diaper dermatitis," a diaper rash is a skin inflammatory reaction localized to the area usually covered by the diaper. It can have many causes including infections (yeast, bacterial or viral), friction irritation, chemical allergies (perfumes, soaps), sweat and plugging of sweat glands.

Diaper Rash
A type of irritant dermatitis localized to the area in contact with a diaper and occurring most often as a reaction to prolonged contact with urine, feces, or retained soap or detergent.

Diaper rash, yeast
Infection in the diaper area caused by a yeast formerly called Monilia and now called Candida. These organisms are part of the germs normally found in various parts of the body and ordinarily do not cause any symptoms.

Diaper Rashes
A type of irritant dermatitis localized to the area in contact with a diaper and occurring most often as a reaction to prolonged contact with urine, feces, or retained soap or detergent.

Diaper, Adult
Absorbent pads made of various materials used for personal hygiene usually in urinary incontinence and usually in the elderly. They may be worn as underpants or as pants liners. They are made of absorbent materials such as fluff wood pulp and hydrogel absorbent with viscose rayon, polyester, polypropylene, or polyethylene coverstock.

Diaper, Infant
Care of infants in the home or institution.

Diapers, Adult
Absorbent pads made of various materials used for personal hygiene usually in urinary incontinence and usually in the elderly. They may be worn as underpants or as pants liners. They are made of absorbent materials such as fluff wood pulp and hydrogel absorbent with viscose rayon, polyester, polypropylene, or polyethylene coverstock.

Diapers, Infant
Care of infants in the home or institution.

Diaphanographies
Passage of light through body tissues or cavities for examination of internal structures.

Diaphanography
Passage of light through body tissues or cavities for examination of internal structures.

Diaphanoscopies
Passage of light through body tissues or cavities for examination of internal structures.

Diaphanoscopy
Passage of light through body tissues or cavities for examination of internal structures.

Diaphenylsulfone
A sulfone active against a wide range of bacteria but mainly employed for its actions against MYCOBACTERIUM LEPRAE. Its mechanism of action is probably similar to that of the SULFONAMIDES which involves inhibition of folic acid synthesis in susceptible organisms. It is also used with PYRIMETHAMINE in the treatment of malaria. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p157-8)

Diaphorase
A flavoprotein that catalyzes the reduction of lipoamide by NADH to yield dihydrolipoamide and NAD+. The enzyme is a component of the multienzyme pyruvate dehydrogenase complex and 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex. EC 1.8.1.4.

Diaphorase, DT
A flavoprotein that reversibly catalyzes the oxidation of NADH or NADPH by various quinones and oxidation-reduction dyes. The enzyme is inhibited by dicoumarol, capsaicin, and caffeine. EC 1.6.99.2.

Diaphorase, NAD
A flavoprotein that catalyzes the reduction of lipoamide by NADH to yield dihydrolipoamide and NAD+. The enzyme is a component of the multienzyme pyruvate dehydrogenase complex and 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex. EC 1.8.1.4.

Diaphorase, NADH
A flavoprotein that catalyzes the reduction of lipoamide by NADH to yield dihydrolipoamide and NAD+. The enzyme is a component of the multienzyme pyruvate dehydrogenase complex and 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex. EC 1.8.1.4.

Diaphorase, NADP
A flavoprotein that reversibly oxidizes NADPH to NADP and a reduced acceptor. EC 1.6.99.1.

Diaphorase, NADPH
A flavoprotein that reversibly oxidizes NADPH to NADP and a reduced acceptor. EC 1.6.99.1.

Diaphorase, TPN
A flavoprotein that reversibly oxidizes NADPH to NADP and a reduced acceptor. EC 1.6.99.1.

Diaphoresis
Excessive sweating.

Diaphragm (contraceptive)
A barrier method of contraception that is available by prescription only and must be sized by a health professional to achieve a proper fit.

Diaphragm (muscle)
The muscle that separates the chest (thoracic) cavity from the abdomen. The diaphragm is the main muscle of respiration. Contraction of the diaphragm muscle expands the lungs during inspiration when one is breathing air in. We rely heavily on the diaphragm for our respiratory function so that when the diaphragm is impaired, it can compromise our breathing. The nerve that controls the diaphragm is the phrenic nerve, which originates much high (at C3-C5). During development the diaphragm moves down and drags the phrenic nerve with it.

Diaphragm pacing
A procedure to help patients with spinal cord injuries to breathe. Their breathing is helped by setting the respiratory rate by electrical stimulation (pacing) of the phrenic nerve. The pacing is accomplished via electrodes surgically implanted into the diaphragm, which is innervated by the phrenic nerve.

Diaphragm, Vaginal
Contraceptive devices used by females.

Diaphragmatic Eventration
Elevation of the dome of the diaphragm, usually the result of paralysis of a phrenic nerve. (Dorland, 27th ed)

Diaphragmatic Eventrations
Elevation of the dome of the diaphragm, usually the result of paralysis of a phrenic nerve. (Dorland, 27th ed)

Diaphragmatic hernia
A hole in the diaphragm that allows abdominal contents to push into thechest cavity. In severe instances, a baby's stomach and part of the large intestines will displace the heart and lungs, requiring emergency surgery.

Diaphragmatic Hernia
Protrusion of some part of the abdominal or retroperitoneal structures through the diaphragm into the thorax. (Dorland, 27th ed)

Diaphragmatic Hernia, Traumatic
Protrusion of some part of the abdominal or retroperitoneal structures through the diaphragm into the thorax, occurring as a result of injury, usually to the abdomen. (From Dorland, 27th ed)

Diaphragmatic Hernias
Protrusion of some part of the abdominal or retroperitoneal structures through the diaphragm into the thorax. (Dorland, 27th ed)

Diaphragmatic Hernias, Traumatic
Protrusion of some part of the abdominal or retroperitoneal structures through the diaphragm into the thorax, occurring as a result of injury, usually to the abdomen. (From Dorland, 27th ed)

Diaphragmatic Paralysis
Complete or severe weakness of the muscles of respiration. This condition may be associated with MOTOR NEURON DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVE DISORDERS; NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION DISEASES; SPINAL CORD DISEASES; injury to the PHRENIC NERVE; and other disorders.

Diaphragms
The musculofibrous partition that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity. Contraction of the diaphragm increases the volume of the thoracic cavity aiding inspiration.

Diaphragms, Vaginal
Contraceptive devices used by females.

Diaphyseal Aclases
Hereditary disorder transmitted by an autosomal dominant gene and characterized by multiple exostoses (multiple osteochondromas) near the ends of long bones. The genetic abnormality results in a defect in the osteoclastic activity at the metaphyseal ends of the bone during the remodeling process in childhood or early adolescence. The metaphyses develop benign, bony outgrowths often capped by cartilage. A small number undergo neoplastic transformation.

Diaphyseal aclasis
A syndrome in which there are multiple enchondromata.

Diaphyseal Aclasis
Hereditary disorder transmitted by an autosomal dominant gene and characterized by multiple exostoses (multiple osteochondromas) near the ends of long bones. The genetic abnormality results in a defect in the osteoclastic activity at the metaphyseal ends of the bone during the remodeling process in childhood or early adolescence. The metaphyses develop benign, bony outgrowths often capped by cartilage. A small number undergo neoplastic transformation.

Diaphyseal Dysplasia, Progressive
Progressive thickening of diaphyseal cortex of long bones.

Diaphyseal Dysplasias, Progressive
Progressive thickening of diaphyseal cortex of long bones.

Diaphyses
The shaft of long bones.

Diaphysis
The shaft of long bones.

Diapid
Diapid is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): lypressin.

Diaplopia
Double vision.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Defibrillator
An electronic device used to establish normal heartbeat.

Dehydration
Loss of fluids from the body, often caused by diarrhea. May result in loss of important salts and minerals.

Delayed gastric emptying
Gastroparesis.

Dermatology
The branch of medicine that is concerned with the physiology and pathology of the skin.

Descending colon
The part of the colon where stool is stored. Located on the left side of the abdomen.

Diaphragm

Diastolic blood pressure
The lowest blood pressure measure in the arteries, which occurs between heartbeats.

Dietitian
A specialist in the study of nutrition.

Digestants
Medicines that aid or stimulate digestion. An example is a digestive enzyme such as Lactaid for people with lactase deficiency.

Digestion
The process the body uses to break down food into simple substances for energy, growth, and cell repair.

Digestive system
The organs in the body that break down and absorb food. Organs that make up the digestive system are the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, and anus. Organs that help with digestion but are not part of the digestive tract are the tongue, glands in the mouth that make saliva, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder.

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