Diaper rash
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  Diaper rash



Diaper rash

   Also called "diaper dermatitis," a diaper rash is a skin inflammatory reaction localized to the area usually covered by the diaper. It can have many causes including infections (yeast, bacterial or viral), friction irritation, chemical allergies (perfumes, soaps), sweat and plugging of sweat glands.

RELATED TERMS
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Rash
A reddish spot or patch of irritated skin. Rashes can be caused byillnesses, allergies, and heat and are usually temporary.

Skin
Skin is an organ of the integumentary system; which is composed of a layer of tissues that protect underlying muscles and organs. Skin is used for insulation, vitamin D production, sensation, and excretion (through sweat).

Bacterial
Of or pertaining to bacteria. For example, a bacterial lung infection.

Friction
Surface resistance to the relative motion of one body against the rubbing, sliding, rolling, or flowing of another with which it is in contact.

Allergies
Altered reactivity to an antigen, which can result in pathologic reactions upon subsequent exposure to that particular antigen.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Diaper Pin
Care of infants in the home or institution.

Diaper Pins
Care of infants in the home or institution.

Diaper rash, yeast
Infection in the diaper area caused by a yeast formerly called Monilia and now called Candida. These organisms are part of the germs normally found in various parts of the body and ordinarily do not cause any symptoms.

Diaper Rashes
A type of irritant dermatitis localized to the area in contact with a diaper and occurring most often as a reaction to prolonged contact with urine, feces, or retained soap or detergent.

Diaper, Adult
Absorbent pads made of various materials used for personal hygiene usually in urinary incontinence and usually in the elderly. They may be worn as underpants or as pants liners. They are made of absorbent materials such as fluff wood pulp and hydrogel absorbent with viscose rayon, polyester, polypropylene, or polyethylene coverstock.

Diaper, Infant
Care of infants in the home or institution.

Diapers, Adult
Absorbent pads made of various materials used for personal hygiene usually in urinary incontinence and usually in the elderly. They may be worn as underpants or as pants liners. They are made of absorbent materials such as fluff wood pulp and hydrogel absorbent with viscose rayon, polyester, polypropylene, or polyethylene coverstock.

Diapers, Infant
Care of infants in the home or institution.

Diaphanographies
Passage of light through body tissues or cavities for examination of internal structures.

Diaphanography
Passage of light through body tissues or cavities for examination of internal structures.

Diaphanoscopies
Passage of light through body tissues or cavities for examination of internal structures.

Diaphanoscopy
Passage of light through body tissues or cavities for examination of internal structures.

Diaphenylsulfone
A sulfone active against a wide range of bacteria but mainly employed for its actions against MYCOBACTERIUM LEPRAE. Its mechanism of action is probably similar to that of the SULFONAMIDES which involves inhibition of folic acid synthesis in susceptible organisms. It is also used with PYRIMETHAMINE in the treatment of malaria. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p157-8)

Diaphorase
A flavoprotein that catalyzes the reduction of lipoamide by NADH to yield dihydrolipoamide and NAD+. The enzyme is a component of the multienzyme pyruvate dehydrogenase complex and 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex. EC 1.8.1.4.

Diaphorase, DT
A flavoprotein that reversibly catalyzes the oxidation of NADH or NADPH by various quinones and oxidation-reduction dyes. The enzyme is inhibited by dicoumarol, capsaicin, and caffeine. EC 1.6.99.2.

Diaphorase, NAD
A flavoprotein that catalyzes the reduction of lipoamide by NADH to yield dihydrolipoamide and NAD+. The enzyme is a component of the multienzyme pyruvate dehydrogenase complex and 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex. EC 1.8.1.4.

Diaphorase, NADH
A flavoprotein that catalyzes the reduction of lipoamide by NADH to yield dihydrolipoamide and NAD+. The enzyme is a component of the multienzyme pyruvate dehydrogenase complex and 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex. EC 1.8.1.4.

Diaphorase, NADP
A flavoprotein that reversibly oxidizes NADPH to NADP and a reduced acceptor. EC 1.6.99.1.

Diaphorase, NADPH
A flavoprotein that reversibly oxidizes NADPH to NADP and a reduced acceptor. EC 1.6.99.1.

Diaphorase, TPN
A flavoprotein that reversibly oxidizes NADPH to NADP and a reduced acceptor. EC 1.6.99.1.

Diaphoresis
Excessive sweating.

Diaphragm
The muscle wall between the chest and the abdomen. It is the major muscle that the body uses for breathing.

Diaphragm (contraceptive)
A barrier method of contraception that is available by prescription only and must be sized by a health professional to achieve a proper fit.

Diaphragm (muscle)
The muscle that separates the chest (thoracic) cavity from the abdomen. The diaphragm is the main muscle of respiration. Contraction of the diaphragm muscle expands the lungs during inspiration when one is breathing air in. We rely heavily on the diaphragm for our respiratory function so that when the diaphragm is impaired, it can compromise our breathing. The nerve that controls the diaphragm is the phrenic nerve, which originates much high (at C3-C5). During development the diaphragm moves down and drags the phrenic nerve with it.

Diaphragm pacing
A procedure to help patients with spinal cord injuries to breathe. Their breathing is helped by setting the respiratory rate by electrical stimulation (pacing) of the phrenic nerve. The pacing is accomplished via electrodes surgically implanted into the diaphragm, which is innervated by the phrenic nerve.

Diaphragm, Vaginal
Contraceptive devices used by females.

Diaphragmatic Eventration
Elevation of the dome of the diaphragm, usually the result of paralysis of a phrenic nerve. (Dorland, 27th ed)

Diaphragmatic Eventrations
Elevation of the dome of the diaphragm, usually the result of paralysis of a phrenic nerve. (Dorland, 27th ed)

Diaphragmatic hernia
A hole in the diaphragm that allows abdominal contents to push into thechest cavity. In severe instances, a baby's stomach and part of the large intestines will displace the heart and lungs, requiring emergency surgery.

Diaphragmatic Hernia
Protrusion of some part of the abdominal or retroperitoneal structures through the diaphragm into the thorax. (Dorland, 27th ed)

Diaphragmatic Hernia, Traumatic
Protrusion of some part of the abdominal or retroperitoneal structures through the diaphragm into the thorax, occurring as a result of injury, usually to the abdomen. (From Dorland, 27th ed)

Diaphragmatic Hernias
Protrusion of some part of the abdominal or retroperitoneal structures through the diaphragm into the thorax. (Dorland, 27th ed)

Diaphragmatic Hernias, Traumatic
Protrusion of some part of the abdominal or retroperitoneal structures through the diaphragm into the thorax, occurring as a result of injury, usually to the abdomen. (From Dorland, 27th ed)

Diaphragmatic Paralysis
Complete or severe weakness of the muscles of respiration. This condition may be associated with MOTOR NEURON DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVE DISORDERS; NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION DISEASES; SPINAL CORD DISEASES; injury to the PHRENIC NERVE; and other disorders.

Diaphragms
The musculofibrous partition that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity. Contraction of the diaphragm increases the volume of the thoracic cavity aiding inspiration.

Diaphragms, Vaginal
Contraceptive devices used by females.

Diaphyseal Aclases
Hereditary disorder transmitted by an autosomal dominant gene and characterized by multiple exostoses (multiple osteochondromas) near the ends of long bones. The genetic abnormality results in a defect in the osteoclastic activity at the metaphyseal ends of the bone during the remodeling process in childhood or early adolescence. The metaphyses develop benign, bony outgrowths often capped by cartilage. A small number undergo neoplastic transformation.

Diaphyseal aclasis
A syndrome in which there are multiple enchondromata.

Diaphyseal Aclasis
Hereditary disorder transmitted by an autosomal dominant gene and characterized by multiple exostoses (multiple osteochondromas) near the ends of long bones. The genetic abnormality results in a defect in the osteoclastic activity at the metaphyseal ends of the bone during the remodeling process in childhood or early adolescence. The metaphyses develop benign, bony outgrowths often capped by cartilage. A small number undergo neoplastic transformation.

Diaphyseal Dysplasia, Progressive
Progressive thickening of diaphyseal cortex of long bones.

Diaphyseal Dysplasias, Progressive
Progressive thickening of diaphyseal cortex of long bones.

Diaphyses
The shaft of long bones.

Diaphysis
The shaft of long bones.

Diapid
Diapid is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): lypressin.

Diaplopia
Double vision.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Diabetic skin disease
A skin disorder that is caused by diabetes or affected by diabetes.

Diabetic spinal cord disease
Involvement of the spinal cord in diabetes. Most of the neurologic attention in diabetes mellitus has focused on distal symmetric polyneuropathy (DSP) -- abnormalities of the peripheral nerves, in particular, the nerves to the feet and hands. However, the nerve damage in diabetes can be more generalized and involve the spinal cord. The spinal cord is significantly smaller in diabetic patients with DSP compared to normal, whereas the spinal cord in diabetic patients without DSP is normal. Whether spinal-cord involvement in diabetes is a primary or secondary event in DSP is uncertain, but it is now crystal clear that the spinal cord can be an important target in diabetes.

Diachronic study
A study done over the course of time. For example, a longitudinal study of children with Down syndrome (trisomy 21) might involve the study of 100 children with this condition from birth to 10 years of age. Also called a longitudinal study. The opposite of a synchronic (cross-sectional) study.

Diagnostic mammogram
An X-ray of the breast done to evaluate: Abnormalities seen or suspected on a prior screening mammogram; Subjective or objectives abnormalities in the breast such as a lump, pain, thickening, nipple discharge or a inexplicable change in breast size or shape; Breasts for which it is difficult to obtain a clear X-ray by a screening mammogram because of special circumstances such as breast implants.

Diaper rash

Diaper rash, yeast
Infection in the diaper area caused by a yeast formerly called Monilia and now called Candida. These organisms are part of the germs normally found in various parts of the body and ordinarily do not cause any symptoms.

Diaphragm (contraceptive)
A barrier method of contraception that is available by prescription only and must be sized by a health professional to achieve a proper fit.

Diaphragm (muscle)
The muscle that separates the chest (thoracic) cavity from the abdomen. The diaphragm is the main muscle of respiration. Contraction of the diaphragm muscle expands the lungs during inspiration when one is breathing air in. We rely heavily on the diaphragm for our respiratory function so that when the diaphragm is impaired, it can compromise our breathing. The nerve that controls the diaphragm is the phrenic nerve, which originates much high (at C3-C5). During development the diaphragm moves down and drags the phrenic nerve with it.

Diaphragm pacing
A procedure to help patients with spinal cord injuries to breathe. Their breathing is helped by setting the respiratory rate by electrical stimulation (pacing) of the phrenic nerve. The pacing is accomplished via electrodes surgically implanted into the diaphragm, which is innervated by the phrenic nerve.

Diarrhea and dermatitis, zinc deficiency
Among the consequences of zinc deficiency, dermatitis (skin inflammation) and diarrhea are particularly prominent features.

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