Desiccation
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  Desiccation



Desiccation

   Removal of moisture from a substance (chemical, food, tissue, etc.).

RELATED TERMS
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Food
Any substance eaten to provide nutritional support for the body.

Tissue
Biological tissue is a group of cells that perform a similar function.The study of tissues is known as histology, or, in connection with disease, histopathology.The classical tools for studying the tissues are the wax block, the tissue stain, and the optical microscope, though developments in electron microscopy, immunofluorescence, and frozen sections have all added to the sum of knowledge in the last couple of decades.



SIMILAR TERMS
--------------------------------------

Desialylated Glycoproteins
Endogenous glycoproteins from which sialic acid has been removed by the action of sialidases. They bind tightly to their cell surface receptor which is located on hepatocyte plasma membranes. After internalization by adsorptive endocytosis they are delivered to lysosomes for degradation. Therefore receptor-mediated clearance of asialoglycoproteins is an important aspect of the turnover of plasma glycoproteins. They are elevated in serum of patients with hepatic cirrhosis or hepatitis.

Desiccate
To remove the moisture from a thing that normally contains moisture, such as a plant; to dry out completely; to preserve by drying. The process of desiccating a thing is called desiccation; an agent used to bring about desiccation is called a desiccant or a desiccator.

Desiccated Thyroid Gland
A powder preparation of dried thyroid glands after the removal of fat and connective tissue. It is a yellowish to buff-colored amorphous powder containing 0.17-0.23% of iodine.

Desickling Agents
Agents used to prevent or reverse the pathological events leading to sickling of erythrocytes in sickle cell conditions.

Design, Computer-Aided
The use of computers for designing and/or manufacturing of anything, including drugs, surgical procedures, orthotics, and prosthetics.

Design, Computer-Assisted
The use of computers for designing and/or manufacturing of anything, including drugs, surgical procedures, orthotics, and prosthetics.

Design, Cross-Over
Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)

Design, Crossover
Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)

Design, Dental Prosthesis
The plan and delineation of dental prostheses in general or a specific dental prosthesis. It does not include DENTURE DESIGN. The framework usually consists of metal.

Design, Denture
The plan, delineation, and location of actual structural elements of dentures. The design can relate to retainers, stress-breakers, occlusal rests, flanges, framework, lingual or palatal bars, reciprocal arms, etc.

Design, Drug
The molecular designing of drugs for specific purposes (such as DNA-binding, enzyme inhibition, anti-cancer efficacy, etc.) based on knowledge of molecular properties such as activity of functional groups, molecular geometry, and electronic structure, and also on information cataloged on analogous molecules. Drug design is generally computer-assisted molecular modeling and does not include pharmacokinetics, dosage analysis, or drug administration analysis.

Design, Environment
The structuring of the environment to permit or promote specific patterns of behavior.

Design, Epidemiologic Research
The form and structure of analytic studies in epidemiologic and clinical research.

Design, Epidemiological Research
The form and structure of analytic studies in epidemiologic and clinical research.

Design, Experimental
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.

Design, Facility
Architecture, exterior and interior design, and construction of facilities other than hospitals, e.g., dental schools, medical schools, ambulatory care clinics, and specified units of health care facilities. The concept also includes architecture, design, and construction of specialized contained, controlled, or closed research environments including those of space labs and stations.

Design, Hospital
The architecture, functional design, and construction of hospitals.

Design, Interior
The planning of the furnishings and decorations of an architectural interior.

Design, Orthodontic Appliance
The planning, calculation, and creation of an apparatus for the purpose of correcting the placement or straightening of teeth.

Design, Program
Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.

Design, Prosthesis
The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.

Design, Questionnaire
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.

Design, Research
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.

Design, Software
Specifications and instructions applied to the software.

Designer Drugs
Drugs designed and synthesized, often for illegal street use, by modification of existing drug structures (e.g., amphetamines). Of special interest are MPTP (a reverse ester of meperidine), MDA (3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine), and MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine). Many drugs act on the aminergic system, the physiologically active biogenic amines.

Designer estrogen
An engineered drug that possesses some, but not all, of the actions of estrogen. Designer estrogens are selective estrogen-receptor modulators (SERMs). For example, raloxifene (trade name Evista) is classified as a SERM because it prevents bone loss (like estrogen) and lowers serum cholesterol (like estrogen) but (unlike estrogen) does not stimulate the endometrial lining of the uterus.

Designer steroid
A synthetic steroid derived by simple chemical modification from another steroid, usually an anabolic steroid. Anabolic steroids, which build muscle mass, can have serious long-term health consequences in men, women, and children.

Designs, Computer-Aided
The use of computers for designing and/or manufacturing of anything, including drugs, surgical procedures, orthotics, and prosthetics.

Designs, Computer-Assisted
The use of computers for designing and/or manufacturing of anything, including drugs, surgical procedures, orthotics, and prosthetics.

Designs, Cross-Over
Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)

Designs, Crossover
Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)

Designs, Dental Prosthesis
The plan and delineation of dental prostheses in general or a specific dental prosthesis. It does not include DENTURE DESIGN. The framework usually consists of metal.

Designs, Denture
The plan, delineation, and location of actual structural elements of dentures. The design can relate to retainers, stress-breakers, occlusal rests, flanges, framework, lingual or palatal bars, reciprocal arms, etc.

Designs, Drug
The molecular designing of drugs for specific purposes (such as DNA-binding, enzyme inhibition, anti-cancer efficacy, etc.) based on knowledge of molecular properties such as activity of functional groups, molecular geometry, and electronic structure, and also on information cataloged on analogous molecules. Drug design is generally computer-assisted molecular modeling and does not include pharmacokinetics, dosage analysis, or drug administration analysis.

Designs, Environment
The structuring of the environment to permit or promote specific patterns of behavior.

Designs, Epidemiologic Research
The form and structure of analytic studies in epidemiologic and clinical research.

Designs, Epidemiological Research
The form and structure of analytic studies in epidemiologic and clinical research.

Designs, Experimental
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.

Designs, Facility
Architecture, exterior and interior design, and construction of facilities other than hospitals, e.g., dental schools, medical schools, ambulatory care clinics, and specified units of health care facilities. The concept also includes architecture, design, and construction of specialized contained, controlled, or closed research environments including those of space labs and stations.

Designs, Hospital
The architecture, functional design, and construction of hospitals.

Designs, Interior
The planning of the furnishings and decorations of an architectural interior.

Designs, Orthodontic Appliance
The planning, calculation, and creation of an apparatus for the purpose of correcting the placement or straightening of teeth.

Designs, Program
Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.

Designs, Prosthesis
The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.

Designs, Questionnaire
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.

Designs, Research
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.

Designs, Software
Specifications and instructions applied to the software.

Desipramine
A tricyclic dibenzazepine compound that potentiates neurotransmission. Desipramine selectively blocks reuptake of norepinephrine from the neural synapse, and also appears to impair serotonin transport. This compound also possesses minor anticholingeric activity, through its affinity to muscarinic receptors.

Desipramine hcl
Desipramine hcl is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): desipramine hydrochloride.

Desipramine Hydrochloride
A tricyclic dibenzazepine compound that potentiates neurotransmission. Desipramine selectively blocks reuptake of norepinephrine from the neural synapse, and also appears to impair serotonin transport. This compound also possesses minor anticholingeric activity, through its affinity to muscarinic receptors.

Desirabilities, Social
A personality trait rendering the individual acceptable in social or interpersonal relations. It is related to social acceptance, social approval, popularity, social status, leadership qualities, or any quality making him a socially desirable companion.

Desirability, Social
A personality trait rendering the individual acceptable in social or interpersonal relations. It is related to social acceptance, social approval, popularity, social status, leadership qualities, or any quality making him a socially desirable companion.

Desired Family Size
Size and composition of the family.

Desired Family Sizes
Size and composition of the family.

Desitriptyline
A metabolite of AMITRYPTYLINE that is also used as an antidepressive agent. Nortriptyline is used in major depression, dysthymia, and atypical depressions.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
--------------------------------------

Design, Cross-Over
Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)

Design, Computer-Assisted
The use of computers for designing and/or manufacturing of anything, including drugs, surgical procedures, orthotics, and prosthetics.

Design, Computer-Aided
The use of computers for designing and/or manufacturing of anything, including drugs, surgical procedures, orthotics, and prosthetics.

Desickling Agents
Agents used to prevent or reverse the pathological events leading to sickling of erythrocytes in sickle cell conditions.

Desiccated Thyroid Gland
A powder preparation of dried thyroid glands after the removal of fat and connective tissue. It is a yellowish to buff-colored amorphous powder containing 0.17-0.23% of iodine.

Desiccation

Desglucotransvaaline
A cardiotonic glycoside isolated from Scilla maritima var. alba (Squill).

Desialylated Glycoproteins
Endogenous glycoproteins from which sialic acid has been removed by the action of sialidases. They bind tightly to their cell surface receptor which is located on hepatocyte plasma membranes. After internalization by adsorptive endocytosis they are delivered to lysosomes for degradation. Therefore receptor-mediated clearance of asialoglycoproteins is an important aspect of the turnover of plasma glycoproteins. They are elevated in serum of patients with hepatic cirrhosis or hepatitis.

Desglucolanatosides C
Alpha- or beta-acetyl derivatives of DIGOXIN or lanatoside C from Digitalis lanata. They are better absorbed and longer acting than digoxin and are used in congestive heart failure.

Design, Orthodontic Appliance
The planning, calculation, and creation of an apparatus for the purpose of correcting the placement or straightening of teeth.

Design, Interior
The planning of the furnishings and decorations of an architectural interior.

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