Deinococcus radiodurans
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  Deinococcus radiodurans



Deinococcus radiodurans

   A bacterium that can survives extremely high levels of radiation and therefore has high potential for radioactive waste cleanup. The genome of Deinococcus radiodurans has been sequenced. It is composed of two chromosomes, a megaplasmid, and a small plasmid. The total genome contains 3,284, 156 base pairs. Deinococcus radiodurans is an organism in which all systems for DNA repair, DNA damage export, desiccation and starvation recovery, and genetic redundancy are all present in one cell.

RELATED TERMS
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Bacterium
The singular of bacteria.

Genome
The complete genetic material of an organism.

Chromosomes
Filaments of genetic material in every cell nucleus that are made up of genes and that transmit genetic information from one generation of cells to the next.

Base
A chemical compound that either donates hydroxide ions or absorbs hydrogen ions when dissolved in water. Bases and acids are referred to as opposites because the effect of an acid is to increase the hydronium ion concentration in water, whereas bases reduce this concentration. Arrhenius bases are water-soluble and always have a pH greater than 7 in solution.

Organism
A living thing, such as an animal, a plant, a bacterium, or a fungus.

Desiccation
Removal of moisture from a substance (chemical, food, tissue, etc.).

Genetic
Hereditary. Having to do with the genes.

Cell
Fundamental structural unit of all life. The cell consists primarily of an outer plasma membrane, which separates it from the environment; the genetic material (DNA), which encodes heritable information for the maintainance of life; and the cytoplasm, a heterogeneous assemblage of ions, molecules, and fluid.



SIMILAR TERMS
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PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Degenerative arthritis
Also known as osteoarthritis, this type of arthritis is caused by inflammation, breakdown and eventual loss of the cartilage of the joints. Among the over 100 different types of arthritis conditions, osteoarthritis is the most common, affecting usually the hands, feet, spine, and large weight-bearing joints, such as the hips and knees. Also called degenerative joint disease.

Deglutition
The act of swallowing, particularly the swallowing of food. The muscles of deglutition are the muscles employed in the act of swallowing.

Dehisce
To burst open or gape. A surgical wound may partially or completely dehisce after surgery, depending upon whether some or all of the layers of tissue come open.

DEHP
A softener for polyvinyl chloride (PVC), a plastic polymer used in a wide array of products. Unplasticized PVC is hard and brittle at room temperature. A plasticizer (softener) is typically added to increase the flexibility of the polymer. DEHP is the plasticizer for most PVC medical devices. Devices that may contain DEHP-plasticized PVC include: intravenous (IV) bags and tubing, umbilical artery catheters, blood bags and infusion tubing, enteral nutrition feeding bags, nasogastric tubes, peritoneal dialysis bags and tubing, tubing used in cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) procedures, tubing used in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), and tubing used during hemodialysis.

Dehydroepiandrosterone
DHEA. A steroid hormone made by the adrenal glands that acts on the body much like testosterone and is converted into testosterone and estrogen. DHEA and its sulfate (DHEAS) are abundant in the body, but their normal roles are not fully understood. The blood levels of DHEA and DHEAS decline with age.

Deinococcus radiodurans

Delay, developmental
Behind schedule in reaching milestones of early childhood development.

Deletion
Loss of a segment of DNA from a chromosome (and hence from the genome).

Delirium tremens
A neurological symptom of alcohol withdrawal seen in chronic alcoholism, with includes symptoms of psychosis. These may include uncontrollable trembling, hallucinations, severe anxiety, sweating, and sudden feelings of terror. Delirium tremens can be both frightening and, in severe cases, deadly. Treatment includes observation, comfort care, and in some cases medication.

Delivery, breech
Delivery in which the buttocks present before the head.

Delivery, footling
There are single-footling or double-footling deliveries depending upon whether the presenting part of the baby at delivery is just one foot or both feet.

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