Death
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  Death



Death

   1. The end of life. The cessation of life. (These common definitions of death ultimately depend upon the definition of life, upon which there is no consensus.) 2. The permanent cessation of all vital bodily functions. (This definition depends upon the definition of "vital bodily functions.") See: Vital bodily functions. 3. The common law standard for determining death is the cessation of all vital functions, traditionally demonstrated by "an absence of spontaneous respiratory and cardiac functions." 4. The uniform determination of death.

RELATED TERMS
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Death
1. The end of life. The cessation of life. (These common definitions of death ultimately depend upon the definition of life, upon which there is no consensus.) 2. The permanent cessation of all vital bodily functions. (This definition depends upon the definition of "vital bodily functions.") See: Vital bodily functions. 3. The common law standard for determining death is the cessation of all vital functions, traditionally demonstrated by "an absence of spontaneous respiratory and cardiac functions." 4. The uniform determination of death.

Cardiac
Pertaining to the heart.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Death Cause
Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.

Death Causes
Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.

Death Certificate
Official records of individual deaths including the cause of death certified by a physician, and any other required identifying information.

Death Certificates
Official records of individual deaths including the cause of death certified by a physician, and any other required identifying information.

Death Penalties
The use of the death penalty for certain crimes.

Death Penalty
The use of the death penalty for certain crimes.

Death rate
The number of deaths in the population divided by the average population (or the population at midyear) is the crude death rate.

Death Rate
All deaths reported in a given population.

Death Rate, Age-Specific
All deaths reported in a given population.

Death rate, infant
The number of children dying under a year of age divided by the number of live births that year. The infant death rate is also called the infant mortality rate.

Death Rates
All deaths reported in a given population.

Death Rates, Age-Specific
All deaths reported in a given population.

Death Record
Official records of individual deaths including the cause of death certified by a physician, and any other required identifying information.

Death Records
Official records of individual deaths including the cause of death certified by a physician, and any other required identifying information.

Death, Assisted
Provision (by a physician or other health professional, or by a family member or friend) of support and/or means that gives a patient the power to terminate his or her own life. (from APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed).

Death, Attitude to
Conceptual response of the person to the various aspects of death, which are based on individual psychosocial and cultural experience.

Death, Attitudes to
Conceptual response of the person to the various aspects of death, which are based on individual psychosocial and cultural experience.

Death, black
The black plague or the plague. In 14th century Europe, the victims of the "black plague" had bleeding below the skin (subcutaneous hemorrhage) which made darkened ("blackened") their bodies. The black death swept recurrently through Europe, killing half its population in the middle of the 14th century.

Death, Brain
A state of prolonged irreversible cessation of all brain activity, including lower brain stem function with the complete absence of voluntary movements, responses to stimuli, brain stem reflexes, and spontaneous respirations. Reversible conditions which mimic this clinical state (e.g., sedative overdose, hypothermia, etc.) are excluded prior to making the determination of brain death. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp348-9)

Death, Cardiac
Irreversible cessation of all bodily functions, manifested by absence of spontaneous breathing and total loss of cardiovascular and cerebral functions.

Death, Cardiac Sudden
Sudden death (DEATH, SUDDEN) that is due to HEART ARREST.

Death, Cot
The abrupt and unexplained death of an apparently healthy infant under one year of age, remaining unexplained after a thorough case investigation, including performance of a complete autopsy, examination of the death scene, and review of the clinical history. (Pediatr Pathol 1991 Sep-Oct;11(5):677-84)

Death, Crib
The abrupt and unexplained death of an apparently healthy infant under one year of age, remaining unexplained after a thorough case investigation, including performance of a complete autopsy, examination of the death scene, and review of the clinical history. (Pediatr Pathol 1991 Sep-Oct;11(5):677-84)

Death, Embryo
Pregnancy loss during the embryonic stage of development which, in humans, comprises the second through eighth week after fertilization.

Death, Fetal
Death of the young developing in utero.

Death, Programmed Cell
One of the two mechanisms by which CELL DEATH occurs (the other being the pathological process of NECROSIS). Apoptosis is the mechanism responsible for the physiological deletion of cells and appears to be intrinsically programmed. It is characterized by distinctive morphologic changes in the nucleus and cytoplasm, chromatin cleavage at regularly spaced sites, and the endonucleolytic cleavage of genomic DNA; (DNA FRAGMENTATION); at internucleosomal sites. This mode of cell death serves as a balance to mitosis in regulating the size of animal tissues and in mediating pathologic processes associated with tumor growth.

Death, Sudden
The abrupt cessation of all vital bodily functions, manifested by the permanent loss of total cerebral, respiratory, and cardiovascular functions.

Death, Sudden Cardiac
Sudden death (DEATH, SUDDEN) that is due to HEART ARREST.

Death, Sudden Infant
The abrupt and unexplained death of an apparently healthy infant under one year of age, remaining unexplained after a thorough case investigation, including performance of a complete autopsy, examination of the death scene, and review of the clinical history. (Pediatr Pathol 1991 Sep-Oct;11(5):677-84)

Death, Sudden, Cardiac
Sudden death (DEATH, SUDDEN) that is due to HEART ARREST.

Death, Wrongful
The killing of one person by another.

Deaths, Assisted
Provision (by a physician or other health professional, or by a family member or friend) of support and/or means that gives a patient the power to terminate his or her own life. (from APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed).

Deaths, Embryo
Pregnancy loss during the embryonic stage of development which, in humans, comprises the second through eighth week after fertilization.

Deaths, Fetal
Death of the young developing in utero.

Deaths, Programmed Cell
One of the two mechanisms by which CELL DEATH occurs (the other being the pathological process of NECROSIS). Apoptosis is the mechanism responsible for the physiological deletion of cells and appears to be intrinsically programmed. It is characterized by distinctive morphologic changes in the nucleus and cytoplasm, chromatin cleavage at regularly spaced sites, and the endonucleolytic cleavage of genomic DNA; (DNA FRAGMENTATION); at internucleosomal sites. This mode of cell death serves as a balance to mitosis in regulating the size of animal tissues and in mediating pathologic processes associated with tumor growth.

Deaths, Wrongful
The killing of one person by another.

Deaton Hospital
Deaton Hospital is a hospital in Baltimore, Maryland (USA).



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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DDH (developmental dislocation of the hip)
The abnormal formation of the hip joint in which the ball at the top of the thighbone (the femoral head) is not stable within the socket (the acetabulum). The ligaments of the hip joint may also be loose and stretched.

De Lange syndrome
A relatively common birth defect syndrome with multiple malformations and mental retardation of unknown origin.

De Musset sign
Rhythmic nodding or bobbing of the head in synchrony with the heart beat, a sign of aortic insufficiency - incompetence of the aortic valve with aortic regurgitation. The causes include syphilitic aortitis, rheumatic fever, and aortic aneurysm

Deafness and keratopachydermia
Congenital deafness with keratopachydermia and constrictions of fingers and toes.

Deafness, congenital
Loss of hearing present at birth. Congenital deafness contrasts to acquired deafness which occurs after birth.

Death

Death rate
The number of deaths in the population divided by the average population (or the population at midyear) is the crude death rate.

Death rate, infant
The number of children dying under a year of age divided by the number of live births that year. The infant death rate is also called the infant mortality rate.

Death, black
The black plague or the plague. In 14th century Europe, the victims of the "black plague" had bleeding below the skin (subcutaneous hemorrhage) which made darkened ("blackened") their bodies. The black death swept recurrently through Europe, killing half its population in the middle of the 14th century.

Debilitate
To impair the strength or to enfeeble. A chronic progressive disease may debilitate a patient. So may, temporarily, a major surgical procedure. In both cases the weakness is pervasive. Weakness in an arm or leg following the removal of a cast is not debility.

Debride
To remove dead, contaminated or adherent tissue or foreign material. The purpose of wound debridement is to remove all materials that may promote infection and impede healing. This may be done by enzymatic debridement (as with proteolytic enzymes), mechanical nonselective debridement (as in a whirlpool), or sharp debridement (by surgery).

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