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  Data base



Data base

   A collection of data, typically organised for easy search and retrieval



SIMILAR TERMS
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Data Adjustment
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.

Data Adjustments
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.

Data Aggregation
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.

Data Analyses
The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.

Data Analyses, Statistical
Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.

Data Analysis
The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.

Data Analysis, Statistical
Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.

Data and Safety Monitoring Boards
Committees established to review interim data and efficacy outcomes in CLINICAL TRIALS. The findings of these committees are used in deciding whether a trial should be continued as designed, changed, or terminated. Government regulations regarding federally-funded research involving human subjects (the ""Common Rule"") require (45 CFR 46.111) that research ethics committees reviewing large-scale clinical trials monitor the data collected using a mechanism such as a data monitoring committee. FDA regulations (21 CFR 50.24) require that such committees be established to monitor studies conducted in emergency settings.

Data Bank
Organized collections of computer records, standardized in format and content, that are stored in any of a variety of computer-readable modes. They are the basic sets of data from which computer-readable files are created. (from ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)

Data Bank, DNA
DATABASES containing information about NUCLEIC ACIDS such as BASE SEQUENCE; SNPS (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE); NUCLEIC ACID CONFORMATION; and other properties. Information about the DNA fragments kept in a GENE LIBRARY or GENOMIC LIBRARY is often maintained in DNA databases.

Data Bank, Factual
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.

Data Bank, Genetic
DATABASES devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.

Data Banks
Organized collections of computer records, standardized in format and content, that are stored in any of a variety of computer-readable modes. They are the basic sets of data from which computer-readable files are created. (from ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)

Data Banks, DNA
DATABASES containing information about NUCLEIC ACIDS such as BASE SEQUENCE; SNPS (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE); NUCLEIC ACID CONFORMATION; and other properties. Information about the DNA fragments kept in a GENE LIBRARY or GENOMIC LIBRARY is often maintained in DNA databases.

Data Banks, Factual
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.

Data Banks, Genetic
DATABASES devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.

Data Base (PT)
A structured file of information or a set of logically related data stored and retrieved using computer-based means.

Data Base Management Systems
Software designed to store, manipulate, manage, and control data for specific uses.

Data Base, Factual
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.

Data Base, Genetic
DATABASES devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.

Data Bases
Organized collections of computer records, standardized in format and content, that are stored in any of a variety of computer-readable modes. They are the basic sets of data from which computer-readable files are created. (from ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)

Data Bases, Factual
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.

Data Bases, Genetic
DATABASES devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.

Data Collection
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.

Data Compromising
Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.

Data Correlation
The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.

Data Correlations
The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.

Data Darbar Hospital
The Data Darbar Hospital is a hospital in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.

Data Display
The visual display of data in a man-machine system. An example is a cathode ray tube display in which certain data can be called for from the computer and presented on the screen.

Data Displays
The visual display of data in a man-machine system. An example is a cathode ray tube display in which certain data can be called for from the computer and presented on the screen.

Data File
Data processing largely performed by automatic means.

Data File, Machine-Readable
Data processing largely performed by automatic means.

Data Files
Data processing largely performed by automatic means.

Data Files, Machine-Readable
Data processing largely performed by automatic means.

Data Interpretation, Statistical
Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.

Data Interpretations, Statistical
Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.

Data Linkage
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.

Data Linkages
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.

Data monitoring
Process by which case report forms are examined for completeness, consistency, and accuracy.

Data Monitoring Committee
Committees established to review interim data and efficacy outcomes in CLINICAL TRIALS. The findings of these committees are used in deciding whether a trial should be continued as designed, changed, or terminated. Government regulations regarding federally-funded research involving human subjects (the ""Common Rule"") require (45 CFR 46.111) that research ethics committees reviewing large-scale clinical trials monitor the data collected using a mechanism such as a data monitoring committee. FDA regulations (21 CFR 50.24) require that such committees be established to monitor studies conducted in emergency settings.

Data Monitoring Committees
Committees established to review interim data and efficacy outcomes in CLINICAL TRIALS. The findings of these committees are used in deciding whether a trial should be continued as designed, changed, or terminated. Government regulations regarding federally-funded research involving human subjects (the ""Common Rule"") require (45 CFR 46.111) that research ethics committees reviewing large-scale clinical trials monitor the data collected using a mechanism such as a data monitoring committee. FDA regulations (21 CFR 50.24) require that such committees be established to monitor studies conducted in emergency settings.

Data Pooling
A quantitative method of combining the results of independent studies (usually drawn from the published literature) and synthesizing summaries and conclusions which may be used to evaluate therapeutic effectiveness, plan new studies, etc., with application chiefly in the areas of research and medicine.

Data Poolings
A quantitative method of combining the results of independent studies (usually drawn from the published literature) and synthesizing summaries and conclusions which may be used to evaluate therapeutic effectiveness, plan new studies, etc., with application chiefly in the areas of research and medicine.

Data Privacy, Patient
The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.

Data Processing, Automatic
Data processing largely performed by automatic means.

Data Processing, Computer
Data processing largely performed by automatic means.

Data Processing, Electronic
Data processing largely performed by automatic means.

Data Protection
Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.

Data Qualities
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.

Data Quality
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.

Data Reporting
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.

Data Retrieval
A branch of computer or library science relating to the storage, locating, searching, and selecting, upon demand, relevant data on a given subject.

Data Security
Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.

Data Source
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.

Data Sources
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.

Data Storage
A branch of computer or library science relating to the storage, locating, searching, and selecting, upon demand, relevant data on a given subject.

Data Storage and Retrieval
A branch of computer or library science relating to the storage, locating, searching, and selecting, upon demand, relevant data on a given subject.

Data System
Integrated set of files, procedures, and equipment for the storage, manipulation, and retrieval of information.

Data Systems
Integrated set of files, procedures, and equipment for the storage, manipulation, and retrieval of information.

Data, Cost-Benefit
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.

Data, Fraudulent
Intentional falsification of scientific data by presentation of fraudulent or incomplete or uncorroborated findings as scientific fact.

Data, Molecular Sequence
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GenBank, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.

Data, Molecular Sequencing
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GenBank, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.

Data-monitoring committee (DMC)
A committee that may be established by the sponsor to assess at intervals the progress of a blinded clinical trial, the safety data, and the critical efficacy endpoints, and to recommend to the sponsor whether to continue, modify, or stop a trial. See also data and safety monitoring board.

Databank
Organized collections of computer records, standardized in format and content, that are stored in any of a variety of computer-readable modes. They are the basic sets of data from which computer-readable files are created. (from ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)

Databank, DNA
DATABASES containing information about NUCLEIC ACIDS such as BASE SEQUENCE; SNPS (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE); NUCLEIC ACID CONFORMATION; and other properties. Information about the DNA fragments kept in a GENE LIBRARY or GENOMIC LIBRARY is often maintained in DNA databases.

Databank, Factual
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.

Databank, Genetic
DATABASES devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.

Databanks
Organized collections of computer records, standardized in format and content, that are stored in any of a variety of computer-readable modes. They are the basic sets of data from which computer-readable files are created. (from ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)

Databanks, DNA
DATABASES containing information about NUCLEIC ACIDS such as BASE SEQUENCE; SNPS (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE); NUCLEIC ACID CONFORMATION; and other properties. Information about the DNA fragments kept in a GENE LIBRARY or GENOMIC LIBRARY is often maintained in DNA databases.

Databanks, Factual
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.

Databanks, Genetic
DATABASES devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.

Database
A structured file of information or a set of logically related data stored and retrieved using computer-based means.

Database (PT)
A structured file of information or a set of logically related data stored and retrieved using computer-based means.

Database Management System
Software designed to store, manipulate, manage, and control data for specific uses.

Database Management Systems
Software designed to store, manipulate, manage, and control data for specific uses.

Database [Publication Type]
A structured file of information or a set of logically related data stored and retrieved using computer-based means.

Database, Bibliographic
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of references and citations to books, articles, publications, etc., generally on a single subject or specialized subject area. Databases can operate through automated files, libraries, or computer disks. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, FACTUAL which is used for collections of data and facts apart from bibliographic references to them.

Database, Distributed
A system containing any combination of computers, computer terminals, printers, audio or visual display devices, or telephones interconnected by telecommunications equipment or cables: used to transmit or receive information. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)

Database, DNA
DATABASES containing information about NUCLEIC ACIDS such as BASE SEQUENCE; SNPS (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE); NUCLEIC ACID CONFORMATION; and other properties. Information about the DNA fragments kept in a GENE LIBRARY or GENOMIC LIBRARY is often maintained in DNA databases.

Database, DNA Sequence
DATABASES containing information about NUCLEIC ACIDS such as BASE SEQUENCE; SNPS (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE); NUCLEIC ACID CONFORMATION; and other properties. Information about the DNA fragments kept in a GENE LIBRARY or GENOMIC LIBRARY is often maintained in DNA databases.

Database, Factual
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.

Database, Genetic
DATABASES devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.

Database, Genetic Information
DATABASES devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.

Database, Genetic Sequence
DATABASES devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.

Database, Nucleic Acid
DATABASES containing information about NUCLEIC ACIDS such as BASE SEQUENCE; SNPS (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE); NUCLEIC ACID CONFORMATION; and other properties. Information about the DNA fragments kept in a GENE LIBRARY or GENOMIC LIBRARY is often maintained in DNA databases.

Database, Protein
DATABASES containing information about PROTEINS such as AMINO ACID SEQUENCE; PROTEIN CONFORMATION; and other properties.

Database, Protein Sequence
DATABASES containing information about PROTEINS such as AMINO ACID SEQUENCE; PROTEIN CONFORMATION; and other properties.

Database, Protein Structure
DATABASES containing information about PROTEINS such as AMINO ACID SEQUENCE; PROTEIN CONFORMATION; and other properties.

Database, RNA
DATABASES containing information about NUCLEIC ACIDS such as BASE SEQUENCE; SNPS (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE); NUCLEIC ACID CONFORMATION; and other properties. Information about the DNA fragments kept in a GENE LIBRARY or GENOMIC LIBRARY is often maintained in DNA databases.

Database, RNA Sequence
DATABASES containing information about NUCLEIC ACIDS such as BASE SEQUENCE; SNPS (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE); NUCLEIC ACID CONFORMATION; and other properties. Information about the DNA fragments kept in a GENE LIBRARY or GENOMIC LIBRARY is often maintained in DNA databases.

Databases
Organized collections of computer records, standardized in format and content, that are stored in any of a variety of computer-readable modes. They are the basic sets of data from which computer-readable files are created. (from ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)

Databases, Amino Acid Sequence
DATABASES containing information about PROTEINS such as AMINO ACID SEQUENCE; PROTEIN CONFORMATION; and other properties.

Databases, Bibliographic
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of references and citations to books, articles, publications, etc., generally on a single subject or specialized subject area. Databases can operate through automated files, libraries, or computer disks. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, FACTUAL which is used for collections of data and facts apart from bibliographic references to them.

Databases, Distributed
A system containing any combination of computers, computer terminals, printers, audio or visual display devices, or telephones interconnected by telecommunications equipment or cables: used to transmit or receive information. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)

Databases, DNA
DATABASES containing information about NUCLEIC ACIDS such as BASE SEQUENCE; SNPS (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE); NUCLEIC ACID CONFORMATION; and other properties. Information about the DNA fragments kept in a GENE LIBRARY or GENOMIC LIBRARY is often maintained in DNA databases.

Databases, DNA Sequence
DATABASES containing information about NUCLEIC ACIDS such as BASE SEQUENCE; SNPS (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE); NUCLEIC ACID CONFORMATION; and other properties. Information about the DNA fragments kept in a GENE LIBRARY or GENOMIC LIBRARY is often maintained in DNA databases.

Databases, Factual
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.

Databases, Genetic
DATABASES devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.

Databases, Genetic Information
DATABASES devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.

Databases, Genetic Sequence
DATABASES devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.

Databases, Nucleic Acid
DATABASES containing information about NUCLEIC ACIDS such as BASE SEQUENCE; SNPS (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE); NUCLEIC ACID CONFORMATION; and other properties. Information about the DNA fragments kept in a GENE LIBRARY or GENOMIC LIBRARY is often maintained in DNA databases.

Databases, Nucleic Acid Sequence
DATABASES containing information about NUCLEIC ACIDS such as BASE SEQUENCE; SNPS (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE); NUCLEIC ACID CONFORMATION; and other properties. Information about the DNA fragments kept in a GENE LIBRARY or GENOMIC LIBRARY is often maintained in DNA databases.

Databases, Protein
DATABASES containing information about PROTEINS such as AMINO ACID SEQUENCE; PROTEIN CONFORMATION; and other properties.

Databases, Protein Sequence
DATABASES containing information about PROTEINS such as AMINO ACID SEQUENCE; PROTEIN CONFORMATION; and other properties.

Databases, Protein Structure
DATABASES containing information about PROTEINS such as AMINO ACID SEQUENCE; PROTEIN CONFORMATION; and other properties.

Databases, RNA
DATABASES containing information about NUCLEIC ACIDS such as BASE SEQUENCE; SNPS (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE); NUCLEIC ACID CONFORMATION; and other properties. Information about the DNA fragments kept in a GENE LIBRARY or GENOMIC LIBRARY is often maintained in DNA databases.

Databases, RNA Sequence
DATABASES containing information about NUCLEIC ACIDS such as BASE SEQUENCE; SNPS (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE); NUCLEIC ACID CONFORMATION; and other properties. Information about the DNA fragments kept in a GENE LIBRARY or GENOMIC LIBRARY is often maintained in DNA databases.

Dataphone
Equipment that sends digital information over telephone lines. The term Modem is a short form of the phrase modulator-demodulator.

Dataphones
Equipment that sends digital information over telephone lines. The term Modem is a short form of the phrase modulator-demodulator.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Differentiate
The process cells undergo as they mature into normal cells. Differentiated cells have distinctive characteristics, perform specific functions, and are less likely to divide. See dedifferentiate, undifferentiated.

Drug delivery
The method and route used to provide medication.

Dura mater
The outermost, toughest, and most fibrous of the three membranes (meninges) that cover the brain and spinal cord.

Dysfunctional
Working improperly or abnormally.

Dietician
An individual trained in diet and nutrition.

Data base

Data monitoring
Process by which case report forms are examined for completeness, consistency, and accuracy.

Data-monitoring committee (DMC)
A committee that may be established by the sponsor to assess at intervals the progress of a blinded clinical trial, the safety data, and the critical efficacy endpoints, and to recommend to the sponsor whether to continue, modify, or stop a trial. See also data and safety monitoring board.

Declaration of Helsinki
A set of recommendations or basic principles that guide medical doctors in the conduct of biomedical research involving human subjects.

Demographic data
Characteristics of subjects or study populations, which include such information as age, sex, family history of the disease or condition for which they are being treated, and other characteristics relevant to the study in which they are participating.

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
The formation of a clot of blood in the deep veins of the leg, arm or abdomen

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