DIVEMA
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  DIVEMA



DIVEMA

   Copolymer of divinyl ether and maleic anhydride that acts as an immunostimulant with antineoplastic and anti-infective properties. It is used in combination with other antineoplastic agents.

RELATED TERMS
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Ether
A mobile, very volatile, highly flammable liquid used as an inhalation anesthetic and as a solvent for waxes, fats, oils, perfumes, alkaloids, and gums. It is mildly irritating to skin and mucous membranes.

Antineoplastic
Acting to prevent, inhibit or halt the development of a neoplasm (a tumor). An agent with antineoplastic properties. For example, oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) is an antineoplastic used in the treatment of metastatic colon cancer.

Anti-infective
Something capable of acting against infection, by inhibiting the spread of an infectious agent or by killing the infectious agent outright. Anti-infective is a general term that encompasses antibacterials, antibiotics, antifungals, antiprotozoans and antivirals.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Divergent Strabismus
A form of ocular misalignment where the visual axes diverge inappropriately. For example, medial rectus muscle weakness may produce this condition as the affected eye will deviate laterally upon attempted forward gaze. An exotropia occurs due to the relatively unopposed force exerted on the eye by the lateral rectus muscle, which pulls the eye in an outward direction.

Diversification, Hospital
Reorganization of the hospital corporate structure.

Diversion, Bilio Pancreatic
A surgical procedure which diverts pancreatobiliary secretions via the duodenum and the jejunum into the colon, the remaining small intestine being anastomosed to the stomach after antrectomy. The procedure produces less diarrhea than does jejunoileal bypass.

Diversion, Bilio-Pancreatic
A surgical procedure which diverts pancreatobiliary secretions via the duodenum and the jejunum into the colon, the remaining small intestine being anastomosed to the stomach after antrectomy. The procedure produces less diarrhea than does jejunoileal bypass.

Diversion, Biliopancreatic
A surgical procedure which diverts pancreatobiliary secretions via the duodenum and the jejunum into the colon, the remaining small intestine being anastomosed to the stomach after antrectomy. The procedure produces less diarrhea than does jejunoileal bypass.

Diversion, Roux-en-Y
A Y-shaped surgical anastomosis of any part of the digestive system which includes the small intestine as the eventual drainage site.

Diversions, Bilio Pancreatic
A surgical procedure which diverts pancreatobiliary secretions via the duodenum and the jejunum into the colon, the remaining small intestine being anastomosed to the stomach after antrectomy. The procedure produces less diarrhea than does jejunoileal bypass.

Diversions, Bilio-Pancreatic
A surgical procedure which diverts pancreatobiliary secretions via the duodenum and the jejunum into the colon, the remaining small intestine being anastomosed to the stomach after antrectomy. The procedure produces less diarrhea than does jejunoileal bypass.

Diversions, Biliopancreatic
A surgical procedure which diverts pancreatobiliary secretions via the duodenum and the jejunum into the colon, the remaining small intestine being anastomosed to the stomach after antrectomy. The procedure produces less diarrhea than does jejunoileal bypass.

Diversions, Roux-en-Y
A Y-shaped surgical anastomosis of any part of the digestive system which includes the small intestine as the eventual drainage site.

Diversities, Antibody
The phenomenon of immense variability characteristic of antibodies, which enables the immune system to react specifically against the essentially unlimited kinds of antigens it encounters. Antibody diversity is accounted for by three main theories: 1) the Germ Line Theory, which holds that each antibody-producing cell has genes coding for all possible antibody specificities, but expresses only the one stimulated by antigen; 2) the Somatic Mutation Theory, which holds that antibody-producing cells contain only a few genes, which produce antibody diversity by mutation; and 3) the Gene Rearrangement Theory, which holds that antibody diversity is generated by the rearrangement of variable region gene segments during the differentiation of the antibody-producing cells.

Diversities, Cultural
Coexistence of numerous distinct ethnic, racial, religious, or cultural groups within one social unit, organization, or population. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed., 1982, p955)

Diversity Exon
The parts of a genetic transcript remaining after the INTRONS are removed and which are spliced together to become a messenger or structural RNA.

Diversity Exons
The parts of a genetic transcript remaining after the INTRONS are removed and which are spliced together to become a messenger or structural RNA.

Diversity, Antibody
The phenomenon of immense variability characteristic of antibodies, which enables the immune system to react specifically against the essentially unlimited kinds of antigens it encounters. Antibody diversity is accounted for by three main theories: 1) the Germ Line Theory, which holds that each antibody-producing cell has genes coding for all possible antibody specificities, but expresses only the one stimulated by antigen; 2) the Somatic Mutation Theory, which holds that antibody-producing cells contain only a few genes, which produce antibody diversity by mutation; and 3) the Gene Rearrangement Theory, which holds that antibody diversity is generated by the rearrangement of variable region gene segments during the differentiation of the antibody-producing cells.

Diversity, Cultural
Coexistence of numerous distinct ethnic, racial, religious, or cultural groups within one social unit, organization, or population. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed., 1982, p955)

Diversity, Genetic
The phenotypic differences among individuals in a population.

Diverticula
Plural form of diverticulum.

Diverticula, Arachnoid
Intracranial or spinal cavities containing a cerebrospinal-like fluid, the wall of which is composed of arachnoidal cells. They are most often developmental or related to trauma. Intracranial arachnoid cysts usually occur adjacent to arachnoidal cistern and may present with HYDROCEPHALUS; HEADACHE; SEIZURES; and focal neurologic signs. Spinal arachnoid cysts may be extradural, intradural, or perineural and tend to present with signs and symptoms indicative of a RADICULOPATHY. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1994, Ch44, pp105-115)

Diverticula, Esophageal
Saccular, outward protrusion of all or a portion of the esophageal wall from the lumen of the esophagus.

Diverticula, Esophago-Pharyngeal
A diverticulum at the upper end of the esophagus through the cricopharyngeal muscle.

Diverticula, Pharyngeal
A diverticulum at the upper end of the esophagus through the cricopharyngeal muscle.

Diverticula, Pharyngo-Esophageal
A diverticulum at the upper end of the esophagus through the cricopharyngeal muscle.

Diverticula, Pharyngoesophageal
A diverticulum at the upper end of the esophagus through the cricopharyngeal muscle.

Diverticula, Pharyngoesophageal Pulsion
A diverticulum at the upper end of the esophagus through the cricopharyngeal muscle.

Diverticula, Stomach
Saccular, outward protrusion of a portion of the mucous membrane of the stomach wall.

Diverticulas, Arachnoid
Intracranial or spinal cavities containing a cerebrospinal-like fluid, the wall of which is composed of arachnoidal cells. They are most often developmental or related to trauma. Intracranial arachnoid cysts usually occur adjacent to arachnoidal cistern and may present with HYDROCEPHALUS; HEADACHE; SEIZURES; and focal neurologic signs. Spinal arachnoid cysts may be extradural, intradural, or perineural and tend to present with signs and symptoms indicative of a RADICULOPATHY. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1994, Ch44, pp105-115)

Diverticulitides
Inflammation of a DIVERTICULUM or diverticula.

Diverticulitides, Colonic
Inflammatory complications of colonic diverticulosis in which diverticula may undergo perforation with abscess formation.

Diverticulitis
A condition that occurs when small pouches in the colon (diverticula) become infected or irritated. Also called left-sided appendicitis.

Diverticulitis, bleeding from
Diverticular bleeding typically occurs intermittently over several days. Colonoscopy is usually performed to confirm the diagnosis and exclude bleeding from other causes. Thermal probes cannot be employed to stop active diverticular bleeding. Therefore, surgical removal of the bleeding diverticula is necessary for those with persistent bleeding.

Diverticulitis, Colonic
Inflammatory complications of colonic diverticulosis in which diverticula may undergo perforation with abscess formation.

Diverticulitis, treatment of acute
Antibiotics are usually needed. Oral antibiotics are sufficient when symptoms are mild. Liquid or low fiber foods are advised during acute diverticulitis attacks. In severe diverticulitis with high fever and pain, patients are hospitalized and given intravenous antibiotics. Surgery is needed for persistent bowel obstruction or abscesses not responding to antibiotics.

Diverticuloses, Esophageal
Saccular, outward protrusion of all or a portion of the esophageal wall from the lumen of the esophagus.

Diverticuloses, Gastric
Saccular, outward protrusion of a portion of the mucous membrane of the stomach wall.

Diverticuloses, Stomach
Saccular, outward protrusion of a portion of the mucous membrane of the stomach wall.

Diverticulosis
A condition that occurs when small pouches (diverticula) push outward through weak spots in the colon.

Diverticulosis, Colonic
Presence of multiple herniations of the mucosa and submucosa of the colon through the circular muscle layer.

Diverticulosis, Esophageal
Saccular, outward protrusion of all or a portion of the esophageal wall from the lumen of the esophagus.

Diverticulosis, Gastric
Saccular, outward protrusion of a portion of the mucous membrane of the stomach wall.

Diverticulosis, Stomach
Saccular, outward protrusion of a portion of the mucous membrane of the stomach wall.

Diverticulosis/diverticulitis and fiber
High fiber diets help delay the progression of diverticulosis and, at least, reduce the bouts of diverticulitis.

Diverticulum
A small pouch in the colon. These pouches are not painful or harmful unless they become infected or irritated.

Diverticulum, Colon
Presence of multiple herniations of the mucosa and submucosa of the colon through the circular muscle layer.

Diverticulum, Colonic
Presence of multiple herniations of the mucosa and submucosa of the colon through the circular muscle layer.

Diverticulum, Esophageal
Saccular, outward protrusion of all or a portion of the esophageal wall from the lumen of the esophagus.

Diverticulum, Esophago-Pharyngeal
A diverticulum at the upper end of the esophagus through the cricopharyngeal muscle.

Diverticulum, Esophagopharyngeal
A diverticulum at the upper end of the esophagus through the cricopharyngeal muscle.

Diverticulum, Gastric
Saccular, outward protrusion of a portion of the mucous membrane of the stomach wall.

Diverticulum, Pharyngeal
A diverticulum at the upper end of the esophagus through the cricopharyngeal muscle.

Diverticulum, Pharyngo-Esophageal
A diverticulum at the upper end of the esophagus through the cricopharyngeal muscle.

Diverticulum, Pharyngoesophageal
A diverticulum at the upper end of the esophagus through the cricopharyngeal muscle.

Diverticulum, Pharyngoesophageal Pulsion
A diverticulum at the upper end of the esophagus through the cricopharyngeal muscle.

Diverticulum, Stomach
Saccular, outward protrusion of a portion of the mucous membrane of the stomach wall.

Diverticulum, Zenker
A diverticulum at the upper end of the esophagus through the cricopharyngeal muscle.

Diverticulums, Colon
Presence of multiple herniations of the mucosa and submucosa of the colon through the circular muscle layer.

Diverticulums, Colonic
Presence of multiple herniations of the mucosa and submucosa of the colon through the circular muscle layer.

Diverticulums, Esophagopharyngeal
A diverticulum at the upper end of the esophagus through the cricopharyngeal muscle.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
--------------------------------------

Diversion, Biliopancreatic
A surgical procedure which diverts pancreatobiliary secretions via the duodenum and the jejunum into the colon, the remaining small intestine being anastomosed to the stomach after antrectomy. The procedure produces less diarrhea than does jejunoileal bypass.

Diversion, Bilio-Pancreatic
A surgical procedure which diverts pancreatobiliary secretions via the duodenum and the jejunum into the colon, the remaining small intestine being anastomosed to the stomach after antrectomy. The procedure produces less diarrhea than does jejunoileal bypass.

Diversion, Bilio Pancreatic
A surgical procedure which diverts pancreatobiliary secretions via the duodenum and the jejunum into the colon, the remaining small intestine being anastomosed to the stomach after antrectomy. The procedure produces less diarrhea than does jejunoileal bypass.

Diversification, Hospital
Reorganization of the hospital corporate structure.

Divergent Strabismus
A form of ocular misalignment where the visual axes diverge inappropriately. For example, medial rectus muscle weakness may produce this condition as the affected eye will deviate laterally upon attempted forward gaze. An exotropia occurs due to the relatively unopposed force exerted on the eye by the lateral rectus muscle, which pulls the eye in an outward direction.

DIVEMA

Divascol
A vasodilator that apparently has direct actions on blood vessels and also increases cardiac output. Tolazoline can interact to some degree with histamine, adrenergic, and cholinergic receptors, but the mechanisms of its therapeutic effects are not clear. It is used in treatment of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn.

Diversity Exons
The parts of a genetic transcript remaining after the INTRONS are removed and which are spliced together to become a messenger or structural RNA.

Diversity Exon
The parts of a genetic transcript remaining after the INTRONS are removed and which are spliced together to become a messenger or structural RNA.

Diversities, Cultural
Coexistence of numerous distinct ethnic, racial, religious, or cultural groups within one social unit, organization, or population. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed., 1982, p955)

Diversities, Antibody
The phenomenon of immense variability characteristic of antibodies, which enables the immune system to react specifically against the essentially unlimited kinds of antigens it encounters. Antibody diversity is accounted for by three main theories: 1) the Germ Line Theory, which holds that each antibody-producing cell has genes coding for all possible antibody specificities, but expresses only the one stimulated by antigen; 2) the Somatic Mutation Theory, which holds that antibody-producing cells contain only a few genes, which produce antibody diversity by mutation; and 3) the Gene Rearrangement Theory, which holds that antibody diversity is generated by the rearrangement of variable region gene segments during the differentiation of the antibody-producing cells.

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