Cyperaceae
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  Cyperaceae



Cyperaceae

   The sedge plant family of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons)

RELATED TERMS
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Family
1. A group of individuals related by blood or marriage or by a feeling of closeness. 2. A biological classification of related plants or animals that is a division below the order and above the genus. 3. A group of genes related in structure and in function that descended from an ancestral gene. 4. A group of gene products similarly related in structure and function and of shared genetic descent. 5. Parents and their children. The most fundamental social group in humans.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Cyperquat
An active neurotoxic metabolite of 1-METHYL-4-PHENYL-1,2,3,6-TETRAHYDROPYRIDINE. The compound reduces dopamine levels, inhibits the biosynthesis of catecholamines, depletes cardiac norepinephrine and inactivates tyrosine hydroxylase. These and other toxic effects lead to cessation of oxidative phosphorylation, ATP depletion, and cell death. The compound, which is related to PARAQUAT, has also been used as an herbicide.

Cyperus
A plant genus of the family CYPERACEAE. SESQUITERPENES are found in some of the species.

Cyperus esculentus
A plant genus of the family CYPERACEAE. SESQUITERPENES are found in some of the species.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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CYP11A1
Multi-enzyme complex required for the conversion of cholesterol to adrenal cortex hormones. It releases methylpentanoate or isocaproaldehyde and pregnenolone. The complex contains cytochrome P-450, a flavoprotein, a non-heme iron protein, and NADPH. EC 1.14.15.6.

CYP 7A
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydroxylation of cholesterol to cholest-5-en-3 beta,7 alpha-diol. EC 1.14.13.17.

CYP 7
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydroxylation of cholesterol to cholest-5-en-3 beta,7 alpha-diol. EC 1.14.13.17.

Cylindromas
Carcinoma characterized by bands or cylinders of hyalinized or mucinous stroma separating or surrounded by nests or cords of small epithelial cells. When the cylinders occur within masses of epithelial cells, they give the tissue a perforated, sievelike, or cribriform appearance. Such tumors occur in the mammary glands, the mucous glands of the upper and lower respiratory tract, and the salivary glands. They are malignant but slow-growing, and tend to spread locally via the nerves. (Dorland, 27th ed)

Cyperquat
An active neurotoxic metabolite of 1-METHYL-4-PHENYL-1,2,3,6-TETRAHYDROPYRIDINE. The compound reduces dopamine levels, inhibits the biosynthesis of catecholamines, depletes cardiac norepinephrine and inactivates tyrosine hydroxylase. These and other toxic effects lead to cessation of oxidative phosphorylation, ATP depletion, and cell death. The compound, which is related to PARAQUAT, has also been used as an herbicide.

Cyperaceae

CYP7
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydroxylation of cholesterol to cholest-5-en-3 beta,7 alpha-diol. EC 1.14.13.17.

CYP7A
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydroxylation of cholesterol to cholest-5-en-3 beta,7 alpha-diol. EC 1.14.13.17.

CYP7, Cytochrome P-450
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydroxylation of cholesterol to cholest-5-en-3 beta,7 alpha-diol. EC 1.14.13.17.

CYP2E1, Cytochrome P-450
A polymorphic enzyme that activates carcinogenic N-nitrosamines, benzene, urethane, and other low molecular weight compounds. It is inducible by ethanol and metabilizes alcohol. Experimentally, it is used to study the effects of ethanol usage and withdrawal via enzyme markers such as N-nitrosodimethylamine demethylase. (Pharmacogenetics 1995;5 Spec No:S141-4) EC 1.5.99.-.

CYP2E1
A polymorphic enzyme that activates carcinogenic N-nitrosamines, benzene, urethane, and other low molecular weight compounds. It is inducible by ethanol and metabilizes alcohol. Experimentally, it is used to study the effects of ethanol usage and withdrawal via enzyme markers such as N-nitrosodimethylamine demethylase. (Pharmacogenetics 1995;5 Spec No:S141-4) EC 1.5.99.-.

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