Culture
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  Culture



Culture

    Growth of cells, tissues or embryos in vitro on an artificial nutrient medium in the laboratory.

RELATED TERMS
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Embryos
The prenatal stage of mammalian development characterized by rapid morphological changes and the differentiation of basic structures.

Nutrient
Any chemical element, chemical compound, or combination of chemical elements and/or chemical compounds that contributes to bodily development or is necessary for life.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Cult addiction
This very serious addiction is among the gravest dependence problems, and a widespread one. The atypical dissociative syndrome created by cults and sects is targeted to emotion, and the patients often lose their free will and decision making, and get completely subordinated to the cult's instructions.

Cultural Anthropology
The study of social phenomena which characterize the learned, shared, and transmitted social activities of a particular ethnic group.

Cultural Background
A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.

Cultural Backgrounds
A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.

Cultural Characteristic
Those aspects or characteristics which identify a culture.

Cultural Characteristics
Those aspects or characteristics which identify a culture.

Cultural Deprivation
The absence of certain expected and acceptable cultural phenomena in the environment which results in the failure of the individual to communicate and respond in the most appropriate manner within the context of society. Language acquisition and language use are commonly used in assessing this concept.

Cultural Deprivations
The absence of certain expected and acceptable cultural phenomena in the environment which results in the failure of the individual to communicate and respond in the most appropriate manner within the context of society. Language acquisition and language use are commonly used in assessing this concept.

Cultural Disadvantagement
The absence of certain expected and acceptable cultural phenomena in the environment which results in the failure of the individual to communicate and respond in the most appropriate manner within the context of society. Language acquisition and language use are commonly used in assessing this concept.

Cultural Disadvantagements
The absence of certain expected and acceptable cultural phenomena in the environment which results in the failure of the individual to communicate and respond in the most appropriate manner within the context of society. Language acquisition and language use are commonly used in assessing this concept.

Cultural Diversities
Coexistence of numerous distinct ethnic, racial, religious, or cultural groups within one social unit, organization, or population. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed., 1982, p955)

Cultural Diversity
Coexistence of numerous distinct ethnic, racial, religious, or cultural groups within one social unit, organization, or population. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed., 1982, p955)

Cultural Evolution
The continuous developmental process of a culture from simple to complex forms and from homogeneous to heterogeneous qualities.

Cultural Evolutions
The continuous developmental process of a culture from simple to complex forms and from homogeneous to heterogeneous qualities.

Cultural Pluralism
Coexistence of numerous distinct ethnic, racial, religious, or cultural groups within one social unit, organization, or population. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed., 1982, p955)

Culture Diffusion Chamber
Devices used in a technique by which cells or tissues are grown in vitro or, by implantation, in vivo within chambers permeable to diffusion of solutes across the chamber walls. The chambers are used for studies of drug effects, osmotic responses, cytogenic and immunologic phenomena, metabolism, etc., and include tissue cages.

Culture Diffusion Chambers
Devices used in a technique by which cells or tissues are grown in vitro or, by implantation, in vivo within chambers permeable to diffusion of solutes across the chamber walls. The chambers are used for studies of drug effects, osmotic responses, cytogenic and immunologic phenomena, metabolism, etc., and include tissue cages.

Culture Media
Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.

Culture Media, Conditioned
Culture media containing biologically active components obtained from previously cultured cells or tissues that have released into the media substances affecting certain cell functions (e.g., growth, lysis).

Culture Media, Serum Free
CULTURE MEDIA free of serum proteins but including the minimal essential substances required for cell growth. This type of medium avoids the presence of extraneous substances that may affect cell proliferation or unwanted activation of cells.

Culture Media, Serum-Free
CULTURE MEDIA free of serum proteins but including the minimal essential substances required for cell growth. This type of medium avoids the presence of extraneous substances that may affect cell proliferation or unwanted activation of cells.

Culture Medium, Conditioned
Culture media containing biologically active components obtained from previously cultured cells or tissues that have released into the media substances affecting certain cell functions (e.g., growth, lysis).

Culture, Cell
A technique for maintenance or growth of animal cells in vitro. It refers to cultures derived from dispersed cells taken from the original tissue, from a primary culture, or from a cell line or cell strain by enzymatic, mechanical, or chemical disaggregation. (From Dorland, 28th ed; Freshney, Culture of Animal Cells, 3d ed, p1)

Culture, Corporate
Beliefs and values shared by all members of the organization. These shared values are reflected in the day to day operations of the organization.

Culture, Organ
A technique for maintenance or growth of animal organs in vitro. It refers to three-dimensional cultures of undisaggregated tissue retaining some or all of the histological features of the tissue in vivo. (Freshney, Culture of Animal Cells, 3d ed, p1)

Culture, Organizational
Beliefs and values shared by all members of the organization. These shared values are reflected in the day to day operations of the organization.

Culture, Tissue
Maintaining or growing of tissue, organ primordia, or the whole or part of an organ in vitro so as to preserve its architecture and/or function (Dorland, 28th ed). Tissue culture includes both ORGAN CULTURE and CELL CULTURE.

Culture-specific syndromes
Forms of disturbed behavior specific to certain cultural systems that do not conform to western nosologic entities. Some commonly cited syndromes are the following: amok; koro; latah; piblokto, and windigo.

Cultured Cell
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.

Cultured Cells
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.

Cultured Neoplastic Cell
Cells grown in vitro from neoplastic tissue for use in studying the proliferative and metabolic capacities of tumor cells, in predicting clinical responses to chemotherapy, in screening new antitumor agents, and in basic biological research. They include carcinoma cell lines.

Cultured Neoplastic Cells
Cells grown in vitro from neoplastic tissue for use in studying the proliferative and metabolic capacities of tumor cells, in predicting clinical responses to chemotherapy, in screening new antitumor agents, and in basic biological research. They include carcinoma cell lines.

Cultured Tumor Cell
Cells grown in vitro from neoplastic tissue for use in studying the proliferative and metabolic capacities of tumor cells, in predicting clinical responses to chemotherapy, in screening new antitumor agents, and in basic biological research. They include carcinoma cell lines.

Cultured Tumor Cells
Cells grown in vitro from neoplastic tissue for use in studying the proliferative and metabolic capacities of tumor cells, in predicting clinical responses to chemotherapy, in screening new antitumor agents, and in basic biological research. They include carcinoma cell lines.

Cultures
A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.

Cultures, Cell
A technique for maintenance or growth of animal cells in vitro. It refers to cultures derived from dispersed cells taken from the original tissue, from a primary culture, or from a cell line or cell strain by enzymatic, mechanical, or chemical disaggregation. (From Dorland, 28th ed; Freshney, Culture of Animal Cells, 3d ed, p1)

Cultures, Corporate
Beliefs and values shared by all members of the organization. These shared values are reflected in the day to day operations of the organization.

Cultures, Organ
A technique for maintenance or growth of animal organs in vitro. It refers to three-dimensional cultures of undisaggregated tissue retaining some or all of the histological features of the tissue in vivo. (Freshney, Culture of Animal Cells, 3d ed, p1)

Cultures, Organizational
Beliefs and values shared by all members of the organization. These shared values are reflected in the day to day operations of the organization.

Cultures, Tissue
Maintaining or growing of tissue, organ primordia, or the whole or part of an organ in vitro so as to preserve its architecture and/or function (Dorland, 28th ed). Tissue culture includes both ORGAN CULTURE and CELL CULTURE.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Chorion
The outermost of the two membranes surrounding the embryo/fetus, part of which forms the fetal portion of the placenta.

Cleavage
The process of cell division in the very early embryo before it becomes a blastocyst.

Cleavage pattern
The pattern in which cells in a very early embryo divide; each species of organism displays a characteristic cleavage pattern that can be observed under a microscope. Departure from the characteristic pattern usually indicates that an embryo is abnormal, so cleavage pattern is used as a criterion for preimplantation screening of embryos.

Clone
1) An exact genetic replica of a DNA molecule, cell, tissue, organ, or entire plant or animal. 2) An organism that has the same nuclear genome as another organism.

Cloning
The production of a clone. (For the purpose of this report, generating an individual animal or person that derives its nuclear genes from a diploid cell taken from an embryo, fetus, or born individual of the same species.)

Culture

Cafe au lait spots
Irregularly shaped, permanent tan or light brown flat birthmark patches. More than a few large spots may indicate neurofibromatosis, a genetic disorder, so if your baby has them, tell his doctor.

Celiac sprue
An inherited food intolerance characterized by sensitivity to gluten, a protein found in wheat, rye, oats, and barley.

Cephalopelvic disproportion
When a baby's head is too large to pass through the mother's pelvis. This condition accounts for about 5 percent of cesarean deliveries.

Cerclage
Stitching closed a weak cervix (called an incompetent cervix) to support a pregnancy to term. Most successful in preventing miscarriage and preterm labor when performed early in pregnancy - at about 18 to 20 weeks.

Certified nurse midwife (CNM)
A CNM has a degree in nursing, experience as a labor and delivery nurse, and at least one year of hands-on training in midwifery. A CNM must always have backup support from an on-call physician.

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