Coronary Heart Disease
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  Coronary heart disease



Coronary heart disease

    A condition in which the coronary arteries narrow from an accumulation of plaque (atherosclerosis) and cause a decrease in blood flow.

RELATED TERMS
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Condition
The term "condition" has a number of biomedical meanings including the following: 1.An unhealthy state, such as in "this is a progressive condition." 2.A state of fitness, such as "getting into condition." 3.Something that is essential to the occurrence of something else; essentially a "precondition." 4.As a verb: to cause a change in something so that a response that was previously associated with a certain stimulus becomes associated with another stimulus; to condition a person, as in behavioral conditioning.

Arteries
Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart to the arms, legs, head, body and organs.

Plaque
Soft sticky substance that accumulates on teeth; composed of bacteria and food debris due to inadequate dental hygiene.

Blood
The life-maintaining fluid which is made up of plasma, red blood cells (erythrocytes), white blood cells (leukocytes), and platelets; blood circulates through the body's heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries; it carries away waste matter and carbon dioxide, and brings nourishment, electrolytes, hormones, vitamins, antibodies, heat, and oxygen to the tissues.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Coro doctors
All doctors near Coro, Venezuela. Doctors who can assist a patient in Coro.

Corona Regional Medical Center
The Corona Regional Medical Center is a hospital in Corona, California, United States.

Coronal
A coronal plane through the body is a vertical plane from head to foot and parallel to the shoulders.

Coronary angiography
"The most accurate method (the ""gold standard"") for evaluating and defining coronary artery disease (CAD). Coronary angiography is used to identify the exact location and severity of CAD. "

Coronary Angiography (Cardiac Catheterization)
A procedure that allows picture to be taken of the arteries supplying the heart with blood (the coronary arteries). Angiography shows blockages in the arteries.

Coronary arteries
Two arteries that come from the aorta to provide blood to the heart muscle.

Coronary Arteries
Network of blood vessels that branch off the aorta to supply the heart muscle with oxygen-rich blood. There are two main coronary arteries: the right and the left. The left splits into two arteries called the circumflex and the left anterior descending (LAD) arteries, thus, the heart is often considered to have three major coronary arteries.

Coronary artery brachytherapy
Local radiation treatment within an artery to the heart. Coronary artery brachytherapy has been used to reduce the recurrence of blockage (obstruction) of a coronary artery after successful treatment of a blockage of a stent. A stent is a tubular structure that is implanted inside of a coronary artery to keep it open, thereby preventing a heart attack.

Coronary artery bypass graft
Abbreviated CABG. A form of bypass surgery that can create new routes around narrowed and blocked coronary arteries, permitting increased blood flow to deliver oxygen and nutrients to the heart muscle. CABG is an option for selected groups of patients with significant narrowings and blockages of the heart arteries. The bypass graft for a CABG can be a vein from the leg or an inner chest-wall artery. CABG surgery is one of the most commonly performed major operations. Coronary artery disease develops because of hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis) that supply blood to the heart muscle. Diagnostic tests prior to (and after) CABG include the electrocardiogram (EKG), stress test, echocardiogram, and coronary angiography.

Coronary artery bypass graft (CAB or CABG)
A surgical procedure in which a healthy blood vessel is transplanted from another part of the body into the heart to replace or bypass a diseased vessel.

Coronary artery disease
A major cause of illness and death, coronary artery disease (CAD) begins when hard cholesterol substances (plaques) are deposited within a coronary artery.

Coronary Artery Disease (atherosclerosis)
A build-up of fatty material in the wall of the coronary artery that causes narrowing of the artery.

Coronary artery spasm
A sudden closing of an artery, which cuts off blood flow to the heart and causes symptom of angina or heart attack.

Coronary bypass
A bypass of a plaque within a coronary artery using part of a vein as a graft.

Coronary Disease
Damage to the heart. Not enough blood flows through the vessels because they are blocked with fat or have become thick and hard; this harms the muscles of the heart. People with diabetes are at a higher risk of coronary disease.

Coronary insufficiency
Insufficient blood flow through one or more coronary arteries.

Coronary Internal Mammary Artery Anastomosis
Direct myocardial revascularization in which the internal mammary artery is anastomosed to the right coronary artery, circumflex artery, or anterior descending coronary artery. The internal mammary artery is the most frequent choice, especially for a single graft, for coronary artery bypass surgery.

Coronary occlusion
An obstruction of one of the coronary arteries that decreases flow to the heart muscle.

Coronary Occlusions
An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the coronary vessels to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.

Coronary Prone Personality
Established behavior pattern characterized by excessive drive and ambition, impatience, competitiveness, sense of time urgency, and poorly contained aggression.

Coronary Reperfusion
Generally, restoration of blood supply to heart tissue which is ischemic due to decrease in normal blood supply. The decrease may result from any source including atherosclerotic obstruction, narrowing of the artery, or surgical clamping. Reperfusion can be induced to treat ischemia. Methods include chemical dissolution of an occluding thrombus, administration of vasodilator drugs, angioplasty, catheterization, and artery bypass graft surgery. However, it is thought that reperfusion can itself further damage the ischemic tissue, causing MYOCARDIAL REPERFUSION INJURY.

Coronary Reperfusions
Generally, restoration of blood supply to heart tissue which is ischemic due to decrease in normal blood supply. The decrease may result from any source including atherosclerotic obstruction, narrowing of the artery, or surgical clamping. Reperfusion can be induced to treat ischemia. Methods include chemical dissolution of an occluding thrombus, administration of vasodilator drugs, angioplasty, catheterization, and artery bypass graft surgery. However, it is thought that reperfusion can itself further damage the ischemic tissue, causing MYOCARDIAL REPERFUSION INJURY.

Coronary Restenoses
Recurrent narrowing or constriction of a coronary artery following surgical procedures performed to alleviate a prior obstruction.

Coronary Restenosis
Recurrent narrowing or constriction of a coronary artery following surgical procedures performed to alleviate a prior obstruction.

Coronary Spasm
During coronary spasm, the coronary arteries restrict or spasm on and off, causing lack of blood supply to the heart muscle. It may occur at rest and can even occur in people without significant coronary artery disease.

Coronary Stenoses
Narrowing or constriction of a coronary artery.

Coronary Stenosis
Narrowing or constriction of a coronary artery.

Coronary Thromboses
Presence of a thrombus in a coronary artery, often causing a myocardial infarction.

Coronary thrombosis
Thrombosis is the formation of a clot or thrombus inside a blood vessel, obstructing the flow of blood through the circulatory system. Thromboembolism is a general term describing both thrombosis and its main complication: dislodgement of a clot and embolisation.

Coronary thrombosis
The formation of a clot in one of the arteries that carry blood to the heart muscle.

Coronary Thrombosis
Presence of a thrombus in a coronary artery, often causing a myocardial infarction.

Coronary Vasospasm
Spasm of the large- or medium-sized coronary arteries.

Coronary Vasospasms
Spasm of the large- or medium-sized coronary arteries.

Coronary Vessel
The veins and arteries of the heart.

Coronary Vessel Anomalies
Defects of coronary arteries or veins including anomalous origin, arteriovenous fistula or aneurysm, myocardial bridging, or other abnormalities of structure or development.

Coronary Vessel Anomaly
Defects of coronary arteries or veins including anomalous origin, arteriovenous fistula or aneurysm, myocardial bridging, or other abnormalities of structure or development.

Coronary Vessels
The veins and arteries of the heart.

Coronary-Internal Mammary Artery Anastomosis
Direct myocardial revascularization in which the internal mammary artery is anastomosed to the right coronary artery, circumflex artery, or anterior descending coronary artery. The internal mammary artery is the most frequent choice, especially for a single graft, for coronary artery bypass surgery.

Coronary-Prone Personalities
Established behavior pattern characterized by excessive drive and ambition, impatience, competitiveness, sense of time urgency, and poorly contained aggression.

Coronary-Prone Personality
Established behavior pattern characterized by excessive drive and ambition, impatience, competitiveness, sense of time urgency, and poorly contained aggression.

Coronation Hospital and Care Centre
The Coronation Hospital and Care Centre is a hospital in Oyen, Alberta, Canada.

Coronaviridae
Spherical RNA viruses, in the order NIDOVIRALES, infecting a wide range of animals including humans. Transmission is by fecal-oral and respiratory routes. Mechanical transmission is also common. There are two genera: CORONAVIRUS and TOROVIRUS.

Coronaviridae Infection
Virus diseases caused by CORONAVIRIDAE.

Coronaviridae Infections
Virus diseases caused by CORONAVIRIDAE.

Coronavirus
One of a group of RNA viruses, so named because they look like a corona or halo when viewed under the electron microscope. The corona or halo is due to an array of surface projections on the viral envelope.

Coronavirus 229E, Human
A species in the genus CORONAVIRUS causing the common cold and possibly nervous system infections in humans. It lacks hemagglutinin-esterase.

Coronavirus gpE1
Layers of protein which surround the capsid in animal viruses with tubular nucleocapsids. The envelope consists of an inner layer of lipids and virus specified proteins also called membrane or matrix proteins. The outer layer consists of one or more types of morphological subunits called peplomers which project from the viral envelope; this layer always consists of glycoproteins.

Coronavirus Infection
Virus diseases caused by the CORONAVIRUS genus. Some specifics include transmissible enteritis of turkeys (ENTERITIS, TRANSMISSIBLE, OF TURKEYS); FELINE INFECTIOUS PERITONITIS; and transmissible gastroenteritis of swine (GASTROENTERITIS, TRANSMISSIBLE, OF SWINE).

Coronavirus Infections
Virus diseases caused by the CORONAVIRUS genus. Some specifics include transmissible enteritis of turkeys (ENTERITIS, TRANSMISSIBLE, OF TURKEYS); FELINE INFECTIOUS PERITONITIS; and transmissible gastroenteritis of swine (GASTROENTERITIS, TRANSMISSIBLE, OF SWINE).

Coronavirus OC43, Human
A species in the genus CORONAVIRUS causing the common cold and possibly nervous system infections in humans. It contains hemagglutinin-esterase.

Coronavirus Peplomer Protein E1
Layers of protein which surround the capsid in animal viruses with tubular nucleocapsids. The envelope consists of an inner layer of lipids and virus specified proteins also called membrane or matrix proteins. The outer layer consists of one or more types of morphological subunits called peplomers which project from the viral envelope; this layer always consists of glycoproteins.

Coronavirus Peplomer Protein E2 JHM
Layers of protein which surround the capsid in animal viruses with tubular nucleocapsids. The envelope consists of an inner layer of lipids and virus specified proteins also called membrane or matrix proteins. The outer layer consists of one or more types of morphological subunits called peplomers which project from the viral envelope; this layer always consists of glycoproteins.

Coronavirus, Bovine
A species of CORONAVIRUS infecting neonatal calves, presenting as acute diarrhea, and frequently leading to death.

Coronavirus, Canine
A species of CORONAVIRUS infecting dogs. Onset of symptoms is usually sudden and includes vomiting, diarrhea, and dehydration.

Coronavirus, Feline
A species of CORONAVIRUS infecting cats of all ages and commonly found in catteries and zoos. Cats are often found carrying the virus but only a small proportion develop disease. Feline coronavirus and Feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV) are virtually the same virus in genetic and antigenetic terms, and are morphologically indistinguishable. Since they only differ in their disease potential (with FIPV causing a more serious illness), they are considered biotypes of each other. (From Hoskins, JD. Update on Feline Coronavirus Disease. http://maxshouse.com.FIP%20Update.htm (April 3, 2001))

Coronavirus, Feline Enteric
A species of CORONAVIRUS infecting cats of all ages and commonly found in catteries and zoos. Cats are often found carrying the virus but only a small proportion develop disease. Feline coronavirus and Feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV) are virtually the same virus in genetic and antigenetic terms, and are morphologically indistinguishable. Since they only differ in their disease potential (with FIPV causing a more serious illness), they are considered biotypes of each other. (From Hoskins, JD. Update on Feline Coronavirus Disease. http://maxshouse.com.FIP%20Update.htm (April 3, 2001))

Coronavirus, Rabbit
A genus of the family CORONAVIRIDAE which causes respiratory or gastrointestinal disease in a variety of vertebrates.

Coronavirus, Rat
A species of CORONAVIRUS causing pneumonia in newborn rats but a clinically inapparent infection in adults. It is separate but antigenically related to MURINE HEPATITIS VIRUS.

Coronavirus, Turkey
A species of CORONAVIRUS causing enteritis in turkeys and pullets.

Coronaviruses, Bovine
A species of CORONAVIRUS infecting neonatal calves, presenting as acute diarrhea, and frequently leading to death.

Coronaviruses, Canine
A species of CORONAVIRUS infecting dogs. Onset of symptoms is usually sudden and includes vomiting, diarrhea, and dehydration.

Coronaviruses, Feline
A species of CORONAVIRUS infecting cats of all ages and commonly found in catteries and zoos. Cats are often found carrying the virus but only a small proportion develop disease. Feline coronavirus and Feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV) are virtually the same virus in genetic and antigenetic terms, and are morphologically indistinguishable. Since they only differ in their disease potential (with FIPV causing a more serious illness), they are considered biotypes of each other. (From Hoskins, JD. Update on Feline Coronavirus Disease. http://maxshouse.com.FIP%20Update.htm (April 3, 2001))

Coronaviruses, Feline Enteric
A species of CORONAVIRUS infecting cats of all ages and commonly found in catteries and zoos. Cats are often found carrying the virus but only a small proportion develop disease. Feline coronavirus and Feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV) are virtually the same virus in genetic and antigenetic terms, and are morphologically indistinguishable. Since they only differ in their disease potential (with FIPV causing a more serious illness), they are considered biotypes of each other. (From Hoskins, JD. Update on Feline Coronavirus Disease. http://maxshouse.com.FIP%20Update.htm (April 3, 2001))

Coronaviruses, Rabbit
A genus of the family CORONAVIRIDAE which causes respiratory or gastrointestinal disease in a variety of vertebrates.

Coronaviruses, Turkey
A species of CORONAVIRUS causing enteritis in turkeys and pullets.

Coroner
Physicians appointed to investigate all cases of sudden or violent death.

Coroners
Physicians appointed to investigate all cases of sudden or violent death.

Coroners and Medical Examiners
Physicians appointed to investigate all cases of sudden or violent death.

Corontin
A drug formerly used in the treatment of angina pectoris but superseded by less hazardous drugs. Prenylamine depletes myocardial catecholamine stores and has some calcium channel blocking activity. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1406)



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Continence
The ability to hold in a bowel movement or urine.

Continent ileostomy
An operation to create a pouch from part of the small intestine. Stool that collects in the pouch is removed by inserting a small tube through an opening made in the abdomen.

Coronary arteries
Two arteries that come from the aorta to provide blood to the heart muscle.

Coronary artery bypass graft (CAB or CABG)
A surgical procedure in which a healthy blood vessel is transplanted from another part of the body into the heart to replace or bypass a diseased vessel.

Coronary artery spasm
A sudden closing of an artery, which cuts off blood flow to the heart and causes symptom of angina or heart attack.

Coronary heart disease

Coronary occlusion
An obstruction of one of the coronary arteries that decreases flow to the heart muscle.

Coronary thrombosis
The formation of a clot in one of the arteries that carry blood to the heart muscle.

Cryopreservation
To preserve by freezing. Bone marrow harvested for an autologous BMT, for example, is cryopreserved.

Cryosurgery
The use of extreme cold (usually liquid nitrogen) to destroy unwanted tissue (warts or cataracts or skin cancers).

Cryoprostatectomy
Freezing of the prostate through the use of liquid nitrogen probes guided by transrectal ultrasound of the prostate.

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