Collateral
Health dictionary
Untitled Document
Search :      

Art dictionary
Financial dictionary
Hollywood dictionary
Insurance dictionary
Literature dictionary
Real Estate dictionary
Tourism dictionary

 
  Collateral



Collateral

   In anatomy, a collateral is a subordinate or accessory part. A collateral is also a side branch, as of a blood vessel or nerve.

RELATED TERMS
--------------------------------------

Anatomy
The study of form. Gross anatomy involves structures that can be seen with the naked eye. It is as opposed to microscopic anatomy (or histology) which involves structures seen under the microscope.

Collateral
In anatomy, a collateral is a subordinate or accessory part. A collateral is also a side branch, as of a blood vessel or nerve.

Accessory
Additional, extra, supplementary, subsidiary to the main thing. An accessory digestive organ is an organ that helps with digestion but is not part of the digestive tract. The accessory nerve is so-called because it receives an additional (accessory) root from the upper part of the spinal cord. An accessory placenta is an extra placenta separate from the main placenta.

Blood
The life-maintaining fluid which is made up of plasma, red blood cells (erythrocytes), white blood cells (leukocytes), and platelets; blood circulates through the body's heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries; it carries away waste matter and carbon dioxide, and brings nourishment, electrolytes, hormones, vitamins, antibodies, heat, and oxygen to the tissues.

Nerve
Tissue that conveys sensation, temperature, position information to the brain.



SIMILAR TERMS
--------------------------------------

Collagen
At a microscopic level, this is the 'skeleton' of most tissues in the body.

Collagen disease
See 'Connective tissue disease'.

Collagen injection
The practice of injecting collagen into a part of the face or body to make it larger, most often performed on the lips. The effects are long lasting but not permanent. Collagen injections are normally done by a plastic surgeon.

Collagenous colitis
A type of colitis. Caused by an abnormal band of collagen, a thread-like protein.

Collapsed lung
Failure of full expansion of a once fully expanded lung. Medically called atelectasis.

Collarbone
A horizontal bone above the first rib that makes up the front part of the shoulder.

Collateral Blood Vessels
Small capillary-like branches of the artery that form over time in response to narrowed coronary arteries. The collaterals "bypass" the area of narrowing and help to restore blood flow. However, during times of increased exertion, the collaterals may not be able to supply enough oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle.

Collateral knee ligament, lateral
The knee joint is surrounded by a joint capsule with ligaments strapping the inside and outside of the joint (collateral ligaments) as well as crossing within the joint (cruciate ligaments). These ligaments provide stability and strength to the knee joint. The lateral collateral ligament of the knee is on the outside of the joint.

Collateral knee ligament, medial
The knee joint is surrounded by a joint capsule with ligaments strapping the inside and outside of the joint (collateral ligaments) as well as crossing within the joint (cruciate ligaments). These ligaments provide stability and strength to the knee joint. The medial collateral ligament of the knee is on the inner side of the joint.

Collective unconscious (universal consciousness)
Alleged inborn psychological bedrock--common to all humans but varying with the particular society, people, or race--that enables telepathy.

College Hospital Costa Mesa
The College Hospital Costa Mesa is a hospital in Orange, California, United States.

College Station Medical Center
College Station Medical Center is a hospital in College Station, Texas (USA).

Colles fracture
Fracture of distal radius and ulna just proximal to the wrist.

Collins Health Center
The Collins Health Center is a hospital in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
--------------------------------------

Colitis, spastic
A common gastrointestinal disorder involving an abnormal condition of gut contractions (motility) characterized by abdominal pain, bloating, mucous in stools, and irregular bowel habits with alternating diarrhea and constipation, symptoms that tend to be chronic and to wax and wane over the years. Although the disorder can cause chronic recurrent discomfort, it does not lead to any serious organ problems.

Colitis, ulcerative
A relatively common disease that causes inflammation of the large intestine (the colon). The cause is unknown.

Collagen injection
The practice of injecting collagen into a part of the face or body to make it larger, most often performed on the lips. The effects are long lasting but not permanent. Collagen injections are normally done by a plastic surgeon.

Collapsed lung
Failure of full expansion of a once fully expanded lung. Medically called atelectasis.

Collarbone
A horizontal bone above the first rib that makes up the front part of the shoulder.

Collateral

Collateral knee ligament, lateral
The knee joint is surrounded by a joint capsule with ligaments strapping the inside and outside of the joint (collateral ligaments) as well as crossing within the joint (cruciate ligaments). These ligaments provide stability and strength to the knee joint. The lateral collateral ligament of the knee is on the outside of the joint.

Collateral knee ligament, medial
The knee joint is surrounded by a joint capsule with ligaments strapping the inside and outside of the joint (collateral ligaments) as well as crossing within the joint (cruciate ligaments). These ligaments provide stability and strength to the knee joint. The medial collateral ligament of the knee is on the inner side of the joint.

Colon cancer and polyps
Benign tumors of the large intestine are called polyps. Malignant tumors of the large intestine are called cancers. Benign polyps do not invade nearby tissue or spread to other parts of the body. Benign polyps can be easily removed during colonoscopy, and are not life threatening. If benign polyps are not removed from the large intestine, they can become malignant (cancerous) over time. Most of the cancers of the large intestine are believed to have developed from polyps.

Colon cancer family history
A family history of colorectal cancer (CRC). First-degree relatives of people with CRC are themselves at a 2 to 3-fold increased risk of colorectal cancer. (Parents, brothers and sisters, and children are first-degree relatives.) When the family history includes 2 or more relatives with CRC, the possibility of an inherited CRC syndrome is increased.

Colon polyp
A fleshy growth on the inside (the lining) of the colon (the large intestine). Colon polyps are extremely common. Their incidence increases as individuals get older. Half of all people over the age of 60 harbor at least one polyp.

   We thank you for using the Health Dictionary to search for Collateral. If you have a better definition for Collateral than the one presented here, please let us know by making use of the suggest a term option. This definition of Collateral may be disputed by other professionals. Our attempt is to provide easy definitions on Collateral and any other medical topic for the public at large.
 
This dictionary contains 59020 terms.      









  
                    © Health Dictionary 2005 - All rights reserved -

   ollateral / cllateral / colateral / colateral / collteral / collaeral / collatral / collateal / collaterl / collatera / ccollateral / coollateral / colllateral / colllateral / collaateral / collatteral / collateeral / collaterral / collateraal / collaterall / xollateral / sollateral / dollateral / follateral / vollateral / ollateral / c9llateral / c0llateral / cpllateral / clllateral / ckllateral / cillateral / c8llateral / coolateral / coplateral / co;lateral / co.lateral / co,lateral / coklateral / coilateral / coloateral / colpateral / col;ateral / col.ateral / col,ateral / colkateral / coliateral / collqteral / collwteral / collsteral / collxteral / collzteral / colla5eral / colla6eral / collayeral / collaheral / collageral / collaferal / collareral / colla4eral / collat3ral / collat4ral / collatrral / collatfral / collatdral / collatsral / collatwral / collate4al / collate5al / collatetal / collategal / collatefal / collatedal / collateeal / collate3al / collaterql / collaterwl / collatersl / collaterxl / collaterzl / collaterao / collaterap / collatera; / collatera. / collatera, / collaterak / collaterai /