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    The use of chemicals (medicines) to treat cancer.


Any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division; it may spread to other parts of the body through the lymphatic system or the blood stream.


Chemet is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): succimer.

Chemical menopause
Menopause induced by chemotherapy or other chemicals or medications.

Chemical reaction
A process in which one substance is transformed into another. Thousands of different types of chemical reactions occur in the body and are essential to its structure and function.

Chemnitz doctors
All doctors near Chemnitz, Germany. Doctors who can assist a patient in Chemnitz.

Slang for chemotherapy -- drug therapy for cancer.

Cognitive dysfunction associated with chemotherapy. It is thought that chemotherapy may cause memory loss, attention loss, and other problems that make it difficult for patients to think clearly. Also known as chemo-brain, chemo-fog, and chemotherapy-related cognitive dysfunction.

A procedure in which the blood supply to a tumor is blocked and anticancer drugs are administered directly into the tumor, permitting a much higher concentration of drugs to be in contact with the tumor for a longer period of time, while depriving the tumor of oxygen and nutrients. The procedure is used to treat cancer originating in the liver (primary liver cancer) as well as cancer that has metastasized (spread) to the liver from another area.

One of a large group of proteins that act as lures and were first found attracting white blood cells. The chemokines are involved in a wide variety of processes including acute and chronic types of inflammation, infectious diseases, and cancer. Chemokines may lure cancer cells and help determine the sites to which cancer cells spread by metastasis.

Chemokine receptor
A molecule that receives a chemokine and a chemokine dock.

The response of a cell to a chemical that causes the cell to make some kind of change in its movement by speeding it up, slowing it down or changing its direction. The molecules that achieve these results are called chemokines.

The use of natural or laboratory-made substances to prevent a disease such as cancer. The regular use of aspirin is known to reduce the risk of the polyps from which colorectal cancer arises. This is an instance of chemoprevention. The term chemoprevention was coined to parallel the term chemotherapy. Chemoprevention prevents and chemotherapy treats. Chemoprevention is also called chemoprophylaxis.

Prevention of disease by the use of chemicals or drugs.

The combination of simultaneous chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Chemoradiotherapy before surgery has been found to reduce the risk of local recurrence of rectal cancer.

The chemical sensing system. The sense of smell is part of our chemical sensing system, or the chemosenses.

Swelling around the iris (the colored circle that surrounds the pupil) due to edema (swelling) of the bulbar conjunctiva (the clear membrane that coats the outer surface of the eye).

The movement of cells in response to chemical messengers. The movement of neutrophils and macrophages into damaged tissues is brought about by signals released by damaged tissues, and bacterial products. The term applies to the movement of any organism attracted by a specific chemical, which may be a suitable nutrient.

Chemotherapy, adjuvant
Chemotherapy (drug therapy) that is given after tumor surgery.

Chemotherapy, topical
Treatment with an anticancer drug in a lotion, ointment or cream that is applied to the skin.


A bruise; an injury of soft tissues without breaking the overlying skin.

Chlamydia trachomatis is a common sexually transmitted disease, which often has no visible symptoms. If untreated, chlamydia can make a woman infertile or be passed to a baby during childbirth, causing pneumonia, eye infections and, in severe cases, blindness. Chlamydia is not routinely tested for but can be treated with antibiotics.

CA-125 test
A protein that can be found in the blood and is useful in detecting and evaluating ovarian cancer.

CT scan (computer tomography)
A diagnostic test which uses x-rays and a computer to view organs and areas inside the body.

A protein that can be found in the blood and is useful in detecting and evaluating colon cancer. Chemosensitizers - Drugs or chemicals that enhance the effects of anticancer drugs and improve their efficiency


Clinical trials
Studies that evaluate new drugs or new types of treatment.

Cerebral embolism
A brain attack that occurs when a wandering clot (embolus) or some other particle forms in a blood vessel away from the brain -- usually in the heart.

Cerebral hemorrhage
A type of stroke occurs when a defective artery in the brain bursts, flooding the surrounding tissue with blood.

Cerebral thrombosis
The most common type of brain attack, it occurs when a blood clot (thrombus) forms and blocks blood flow in an artery bringing blood to part of the brain.

A large structure consisting of two halves (hemispheres) located in the lower part of the brain; responsible for the coordination of movement and balance.

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