Cervix
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  Cervix



Cervix

    The neck or neck-like part of an organ; specifically the neck of the lower part of the uterus, or womb, where the vagina and uterus unite.

RELATED TERMS
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Organ
A structural unit of an animal or plant that serves a specific function.

Uterus
The uterus is a hollow, pear-shaped organ located in a woman's lower abdomen, between the bladder and the rectum, that sheds its lining each month during menstruation and in which a fertilized egg (ovum) becomes implanted and the fetus develops.

Womb
In female mammals, the organ in which the young live and grow before birth.

Vagina
The tube that forms the passage between the cervix/uterus and the vulva. It receives the penis during sexual intercourse and serves as the delivery passage for birth and for menstrual flow.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Cervical
Having to do with the neck (cervical spine) or the cervix of the uterus.

Cervical cancer
Cancer of the uterine cervix, happens when normal cells in the cervix change into cancer cells. This change normally takes several years to happen, but it can also happen in a very short amount of time. Before the cells turn into cancer, abnormal cells develop on the cervix that can be found by a Pap test. Women generally don't have symptoms of cervical cancer. But when cervical cancer is not found early and spreads deeper into your cervix or to other tissues or organs, you might have pain during sex; bleeding from your vagina after sex, between periods, or after menopause; heavy vaginal discharge.

Cervical cap
A birth control device (similar to a diaphragm, but smaller) that fits over a woman's cervix and keeps sperm from entering. Must be fitted by a physician or nurse and checked yearly for proper fit.

Cervical cerclage
The surgical placement of a purse-string suture around an incompetent cervix, one that is abnormally liable to dilate, in order to prevent premature onset of labor and a miscarriage. The suture material must be removed prior to delivery.

Cervical disc
A disk shaped piece of specialized tissue that separates the vertebral bones of the spinal column in the neck.

Cervical dysplasia
Condition in which cells in the cervix have undergone precancerous changes. It is detected by a Pap smear; treatment can prevent it from progressing to cervical cancer.

Cervical dystocia
Difficult labor and delivery caused by mechanical obstruction at the cervix.

Cervical incompetence
A condition in which the cervix, under pressure from the growing uterus, opens before a pregnancy has reached term. Can cause miscarriage in the second trimester or preterm labor in the third, but can be treated by surgical reinforcement of the cervical muscle (called cerclage).

Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
A general term for the growth of abnormal cells on the surface of the cervix. Numbers from 1 to 3 may be used to describe how much of the cervix contains abnormal cells. Also called CIN.

Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)
Term used to classify the degree of precancerous change in cells of the cervix in a condition called cervical dysplasia.

Cervical mucus
Vaginal discharge that changes in consistency throughout a woman's monthly cycle, resembling raw egg white around ovulation. Many women check the consistency of their cervical mucus along with their basal body temperature to chart fertility.

Cervical mucus method
A natural birth control method accomplished by timing intercourse according to the consistency of the woman's cervical mucus. Mucus similar to raw egg white signifies ovulation, when a woman is most fertile, while thick and cloudy mucus indicates a time when conception is less likely.

Cervical rib
A supernumerary (extra) rib which arises from the seventh cervical vertebra. It is located above the normal first rib. A cervical rib is present in only about 1 in 200 (0.5%) of people. It may cause nerve and artery problems.

Cervical spondylosis
Degenerative process in the spine in the neck. A combination of disc deterioration and osteoarthritis.

Cervical vertebra, first
The first cervical (neck) vertebra is called the atlas. It supports the head.

Cervical vertebra, second
The second cervical vertebra is called the axis. It is so-named because the uppermost cervical vertebra (called the atlas) rotates about the odontoid process of the second cervical vertebra. The joint between the axis and atlas is a pivot type of joint. It allows the head turn.

Cervical vertebrae
The cervical (neck) vertebrae are the upper 7 vertebrae in the spinal column (the vertebral column). They are designated C1 through C7 from the top down.

Cervicectomy
Surgical removal of the cervix, the lower portion of the uterus that protrudes into the vagina. Cervicectomy is also called trachelectomy.

Cervicitis
An inflammation of the cervix, cervicitis can be caused a bacterial or viral infection or irritation of the cervix during childbirth or surgery. Symptoms include an abonormal discharge, pain, or spotting.

Cervidil
Cervidil is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): dinoprostone.

Cervix, incompetent
A cervix that is abnormally liable to dilate and so is not competent to hold the fetus and keep it from being spontaneously aborted (miscarried).



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Catatonia
A psychiatric syndrome of being immobile and unresponsive to sensory stimuli, but not unaware of them.

Catecholamine
One of the biogenic amines, including epinephrine, which is both a hormone (adrenaline) and a neurotransmitter; and dopamine, a neurotransmitter.

Catheterophilia
A paraphilia of the fetishistic/talismanic type in which sexuoerotic arousal and facilitation or attainment of orgasm are responsive to and contingent on having a catheter inserted up into the urethra.

Central Nervous System
That part of the nervous system that includes exclusively the bone encased brain and the spinal cord, as opposed to the outlying peripheral nervous system, consisting of the somatic nervous system, which governs usually voluntary musculo-skeletal reactions and the autonomic nervous system, which controls usually involuntary visceral, homeostatic, glandular and circulatory activity.

Cerebral cortex
The external gray layer of the brain, the neocortex

Cervix

Chordee
Fixed curvature or tying down of the penis or hypertrophied clitoris as in the hypospadiac birth defect characteristic of various types of hermaphroditism.

Chrematistophilia
A paraphilia of the mercantile/venal type in which sexuoerotic arousal and facilitation or attainment of orgasm are responsive to, and contingent on being charged or forced to pay, or being robbed by the sexual partner for sexual services.

Chromosomal mosaicism
A chromosomal pattern in which some cells of the body have the standard number of chromosomes (46,XX or 46,XY), and others have more or less, as in 45,X/46,XY (a mosaic variety of Turner's syndrome); or 46,XY/47,XXY (a mosaic variety of Klinefelter's syndrome), and many others.

Chronophilia
One of a group of paraphilias of the stigmatic/eligibilic type in which the paraphile's sexuoerotic age is discordant with his/her actual chronological age and is concordant with the age of the partner, as in, respectively, infantilism or nepiophilia; juvenilism or pedophilia; adolescentilism or ephebophilia (Lolita syndrome); and gerontalism or gerontophilia.

Cherambault-Kandinsky Syndrome
A paraphilia of the solicitational/allurative stratagem; a sexuoerotic pathology in which a [person] male or female has a limerent fixation on someone unattainable, an unshakable and false conviction that his/her own life is totally under the control of the unattainable one, and that the unattainable one reciprocates his/her love, limerence or love-smitteness secretly if not openly.

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