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   Having to do with the abdomen.


The area between the chest and the hips. Contains the stomach, small intestine, large intestine, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and spleen.


Celiac Disease
Is a hereditary disorder involving an intolerance to gluten, a protein found in wheat and rye flours. Symptoms include a failure to grow and the passage of fatty, foul-smelling stools that float to the top of the toilet water. The disorder often can be diagnosed on the basis of symptoms and confirmed by examining a small sample of intestinal tissue. As the disease progresses, the fingerlike projections that line the intestinal walls, and from which nutrients are absorbed into the bloodstream, become flattened and smooth. Treatment involves consuming a gluten-free diet.

Celiac disease
A disorder resulting from an immune reaction to gluten, a protein found in wheat and related grains, and present in many foods. Celiac disease causes impaired absorption and digestion of nutrients through the small intestine. Symptoms include frequent diarrhea and weight loss. A skin condition dermatitis herpetiformis can be associated with celiac disease. The most accurate test for celiac disease is a biopsy of the involved small bowel. Treatment is to avoid gluten in the diet. Medications are used for refractory (stubborn) celiac disease.

Celiac sprue
An inherited food intolerance characterized by sensitivity to gluten, a protein found in wheat, rye, oats, and barley.

Celiac syndrome (also spelled coeliac syndrome)
An autoimmune disorder of the upper intestinal mucosa that is triggered by cereal proteins, especially wheat gluten, and which leads to a malabsorption of all nutrients, primarily of fat. It can be detected by the presence of anti-transglutaminase antibodies. If these are positive it would be justifiable to take a mucosal biopsy and if this is positive, then dietary treatment is all that is required.


Cauliflower ear
A trauma-induced deformity of the ear caused by repeated cartilage and soft-tissue injury.

A chemical that can cause burns.

To purposely burn with a hot instrument or caustic substance to destroy tissue, such as a wart.

A hollow place or hole within the body.

Complete blood cell count.




Having to do with the neck (cervical spine) or the cervix of the uterus.

The painless ulcer of primary syphilis that appears on the genitals.

A sexually transmitted disease that causes soft, painful open sores in the genital area. Not syphilis. Characterized by swelling of the sebaceous glands, resulting in pimples on the face, back and chest.

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