Cardiac
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  Cardiac



Cardiac

    Pertaining to the heart.

RELATED TERMS
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Heart
The hollow, muscular organ responsible for pumping blood through the circulatory system.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Cardene
Cardene is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): nicardipine hydrochloride.

Cardene sr
Cardene sr is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): nicardipine hydrochloride.

Cardex Clinic Jail Road
The Cardex Clinic Jail Road is a hospital in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.

Cardiac aneurysm
An outpouching of an abnormally thin portion of the heart wall. Cardiac aneurysms tend to involve the left ventricle because the blood there is under greatest pressure.

Cardiac arrest
The stopping of heartbeat.

Cardiac Arrest
When the heart stops beating suddenly and respiration (breathing) and other body functions stop as a result.

Cardiac arrhythmia
Irregular or abnormally slow or rapid beating of the heart.

Cardiac Auscultation
The use of a stethoscope to listen to the sounds the heart makes as it contracts and relaxes. Cardiac auscultation can be used to evaluate the heart rate, rhythm, and flow through the valves.

Cardiac catheterisation


Cardiac catheterization
A diagnostic procedure in which a tiny, hollow tube (catheter) is inserted into an artery to go to the heart in order to image the heart and blood vessels.

Cardiac Catheterization
An invasive imaging procedure that involves inserting a catheter into a blood vessel in the arm or leg, and guiding it to your heart with the aid of a special x-ray machine. Contrast dye is injected through the catheter so that x-ray movies of your valves, coronary arteries and heart chambers are taken. Cardiac catheterization is also called coronary angiography.

Cardiac conduction system
The electrical conduction system that controls the heart rate. This system generates electrical impulses and conducts them throughout the muscle of the heart, stimulating the heart to contract and pump blood.

Cardiac defibrillator, implantable
A device put within the body that is designed to recognize certain types of abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias) and correct them.

Cardiac muscle
A type of muscle with unique features only found in the heart. The cardiac muscle is the muscle of the heart and medically is called the myocardium ("myo-" being the prefix renoting muscle).

Cardiac myocyte
A heart muscle cell. Sometimes called a myocyte when it is understood that it is in the heart.

Cardiac myxoma


Cardiac output
The amount of blood that goes through the circulatory system in one minute.

Cardiac Output
The amount of blood pumped by the heart each minute.

Cardiac rehabilitation
A structured program of education and activity guided toward lifestyle modification, increasing functional capabilities and peer support.

Cardiac septum
The septum of the heart is the dividing wall between the right and left sides of the heart.

Cardiac tamponade
A life-threatening situation in which there is such a large amount of fluid (usually blood) inside the pericardial sac around the heart that it interferes with the performance of the heart. The end result, if untreated, is low blood pressure, shock and death. The excess fluid in the pericardial sac acts to compress and constrict the heart. The word "tamponade" is direct from the French. The French verb "tamponner" means to plug up and, also, to smash into. Here the outpouring of fluid within the pericardial sac is, so to speak, smashing into the heart. Cardiac tamponade can be due to excessive pericardial fluid, a wound to the heart, or rupture of the heart. Also called pericardial tamponade.

Cardiac ventricle
One of the two lower chambers of the heart.

Cardiff doctors
All doctors near Cardiff, Great Britain. Doctors who can assist a patient in Cardiff.

Cardinal Glennon Children's Hospital
The Cardinal Glennon Children's Hospital is a hospital in Saint Louis, Missouri, United States.

Cardinal Hill Rehabilitation Hospital
Cardinal Hill Rehabilitation Hospital is a hospital in Lexington, Kentucky (USA).

Cardiogen-82
Cardiogen-82 is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): rubidium chloride rb-82.

Cardiografin
Cardiografin is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): diatrizoate meglumine.

Cardiolipin
One of the components of a cell membrane.

Cardiolite
Cardiolite is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): technetium tc-99m sestamibi kit.

Cardiologist
A doctor who sees and takes care of people with heart disease; a heart specialist.

Cardiology
The clinical study and practice of treating the heart.

Cardiomegaly
Enlargement of the heart.

Cardiomyopathy
A disease of the heart muscle that causes it to lose its pumping strength.

Cardiopathy
Heart disease. A nonspecific term applicable to any and all diseases of the heart.

Cardioplegia
Paralysis of the heart, as may be done electively in stopping the heart during cardiac surgery. Cardioplegia may be done using chemicals, cold (cryocardioplegia) or electrical stimulation.

Cardioplegic in plastic container
Cardioplegic in plastic container is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): calcium chloride; magnesium chloride; potassium chloride; sodium chloride.

Cardiopulmonary
Having to do with both the heart and lungs.

Cardiopulmonary bypass
Bypass of the heart and lungs as, for example, in open heart surgery. Blood returning to the heart is diverted through a heart-lung machine (a pump-oxygenator) before returning it to the arterial circulation. The machine does the work both of the heart (pump blood) and the lungs (supply oxygen to red blood cells).

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
The emergency substitution of heart and lung action to restore life to someone who appears dead. The two main components of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) are chest compression to make the heart pump and mouth-to-mouth ventilation to breath for the victim.

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)
CPR is a technique designed to temporarily circulate oxygenated blood through the body of a person whose heart has stopped. It involves assessing the airway; if necessary breathing for the person; determining if the person is pulseless; and if necessary, applying pressure to the chest to circulate blood.

Cardioquin
Cardioquin is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): quinidine polygalacturonate.

Cardiotec
Cardiotec is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): technetium tc-99m teboroxime kit.

Cardiothoracic
Of or relating to the heart and the chest.

Cardiovascular
Of, relating to, or involving the heart and the blood vessels.

Cardiovascular disease
Disease affecting the heart or blood vessels. Cardiovascular diseases include arteriosclerosis, coronary artery disease, heart valve disease, arrhythmia, heart failure, hypertension, orthostatic hypotension, shock, endocarditis, diseases of the aorta and its branches, disorders of the peripheral vascular system, and congenital heart disease.

Cardiovascular syncope
Sudden collapse into unconsciousness due to a disorder of heart rhythm in which there is a slow or absent pulse resulting in syncope (fainting) with or without convulsions.

Cardiovascular system
The circulatory system which comprises the heart and blood vessels. The system carries nutrients and oxygen to the tissues of the body and removes carbon dioxide and other wastes from them. The cardiovascular system is a closed tubular system in which the blood is propelled by the heart. The system has two circuits, the pulmonary circuit and the systemic circuit. Each circuit has arterial, capillary, and venous components.

Cardioversion
The procedure of applying electrical shock to the chest to change an abnormal heartbeat into a normal one.

Cardioverter
Although cardioversion (the conversion of one cardiac rhythm to another) may sometimes be done with medications, a cardioverter is now synonymous with a defibrillator.

Carditis
Inflammation of the heart.

Cardizem
Cardizem is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): diltiazem hydrochloride.

Cardizem cd
Cardizem cd is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): diltiazem hydrochloride.

Cardizem la
Cardizem la is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): diltiazem hydrochloride.

Cardizem sr
Cardizem sr is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): diltiazem hydrochloride.

Cardrase
Cardrase is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): ethoxzolamide.

Cardston Hospital
The Cardston Hospital is a hospital in Cardston, Alberta, Canada.

Cardura
Cardura is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): doxazosin mesylate.

Cardura xl
Cardura xl is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): doxazosin mesylate.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Cell
Fundamental structural unit of all life. The cell consists primarily of an outer plasma membrane, which separates it from the environment; the genetic material (DNA), which encodes heritable information for the maintainance of life; and the cytoplasm, a heterogeneous assemblage of ions, molecules, and fluid.

Chromosome
A structural unit within a eukaryotic nucleus that carries genes. A chromosome consists of a long, continuous strand of DNA and associated proteins.

Cytoplasm
The living matter within a cell (excluding the nucleus) that is responsible for the function of the cell (for example, protein synthesis).

Clotting
The sealing of a blood vessel with coagulated blood.

Cardiac

Consanguinity
Having a common ancestor, ie, being blood relatives. Mating between two first cousins, for example, can be termed a consanguineous mating and is indicated in a pedigree by a double bar between the two parents. Such mating can result in an increased frequency of offspring who are *homozygous* for a recessive autosomal trait possessed by both parents, eg cystic fibrosis.

COX-2 inhibitor
A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that specifically inhibits an enzyme known as cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). These drugs are used to treat pain and may be less likely to cause gastrointestinal bleeding than other NSAIDs.

COX-2
Cyclooxygenase-2.

Cyclooxygenase
An enzyme that is responsible for formation of important biological mediators called prostanoids (including prostaglandins, prostacyclin and thromboxane). Pharmacological inhibition of COX can provide relief from the symptoms of inflammation and pain. This is the method of action of well-known drugs such as aspirin and ibuprofen.

Cytosine
One of the pyrimidine nitrogenous bases occurring in both DNA and RNA.

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