CENTROMERE
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  Centromere



Centromere

   The cinched "waist" of the chromosome essential for the division and the retention of the chromosome in the cell. The centromere is a uniquely specialized region of the chromosome to which spindle fibers attach during cell division.

RELATED TERMS
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Chromosome
A structural unit within a eukaryotic nucleus that carries genes. A chromosome consists of a long, continuous strand of DNA and associated proteins.

Essential
1. Something that cannot be done without. 2. Required in the diet, because the body cannot make it. As in an essential amino acid or an essential fatty acid. 3. Idiopathic. As in essential hypertension.

Cell
Fundamental structural unit of all life. The cell consists primarily of an outer plasma membrane, which separates it from the environment; the genetic material (DNA), which encodes heritable information for the maintainance of life; and the cytoplasm, a heterogeneous assemblage of ions, molecules, and fluid.

Centromere
The cinched "waist" of the chromosome essential for the division and the retention of the chromosome in the cell. The centromere is a uniquely specialized region of the chromosome to which spindle fibers attach during cell division.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Centany
Centany is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): mupirocin.

Centenarian
Someone who is 100 or more years old. Someone 110 years old and over (no upper limit) may also be referred to as a supercentenarian.

Centennial Medical Center
Centennial Medical Center is a hospital in Ashland City, Tennessee (USA).

Centennial Medical center
The Centennial Medical center is a hospital in Nashville, Tennessee, United States.

Center For Cancer Care
The Center For Cancer Care is a hospital in Allentown, Pennsylvania, United States.

Center For Human Appearance
The Center For Human Appearance is a hospital in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States.

Center For Mental Health
The Center For Mental Health is a hospital in Reading, Pennsylvania, United States.

Center for the Mentally and Physically Handicapped
The Center for the Mentally and Physically Handicapped is a hospital in Tokyo, Japan.

Center Of Occupational Health
The Center Of Occupational Health is a hospital in Murrysville, Pennsylvania, United States.

Center, trauma
A specialized facility in a hospital that is designed to provide diagnostic and treatment services for trauma patients with physical injuries. Traumatology is the branch of surgery which deals with trauma patients.

Center-Surround
A type of spatial receptive field structure in which the central region of the receptive field and the Surround portion influence cell activities in different ways e.g. ON-center, OFF-Surround

CenterPointe Hospital
The CenterPointe Hospital is a hospital in Saint Charles, Missouri, United States.

Centers For Occupational Health
The Centers For Occupational Health is a hospital in Havertown, Pennsylvania, United States.

Centigrade


Centinela Hospital Medical Center
Centinela Hospital Medical Center is a hospital in Inglewood, California (USA).

Centra Health
The Centra Health is a hospital in Virginia, United States.

Central
In anatomy and medicine (as elsewhere), central is the opposite of "peripheral" which means away from the center.

Central Arkansas Hospital
Central Arkansas Hospital is a hospital in Searcy, Arkansas (USA).

Central auditory processing disorder
A condition in which there is an inability to differentiate, recognize or understand sounds while both the hearing and intelligence are normal.

Central Baptist Hospital
The Central Baptist Hospital is a hospital in Lexington, Kentucky, United States.

Central Baptist Hosptital
Central Baptist Hosptital is a hospital in Lexington, Kentucky (USA).

Central Carolina Hospital
Central Carolina Hospital is a hospital in Sanford, North Carolina (USA).

Central Coast doctors
All doctors near Central Coast, Australia. Doctors who can assist a patient in Central Coast.

Central Dupage Health
Central Dupage Health is a hospital in Winfield, Illinois (USA).

Central Florida Regional Hospital
Central Florida Regional Hospital is a hospital in Sanford, Florida (USA).

Central Kansas Medical Center
Central Kansas Medical Center is a hospital in Great Bend, Kansas (USA).

Central line
A catheter (tube) that is passed through a vein to end up in the thoracic (chest) portion of the vena cava (the large vein returning blood to the heart) or in the right atrium of the heart.

Central Maine Medical Center
Central Maine Medical Center is a hospital in Lewiston, Maine (USA).

Central Middlesex Hospital
The Central Middlesex Hospital is a hospital in North Acton-Park Royal, England (Great Britain).

Central Minnesota Heart Center
Central Minnesota Heart Center is a hospital in Saint Cloud, Minnesota (USA).

Central Mississippi Medical Center
Central Mississippi Medical Center is a hospital in Jackson, Mississippi (USA).

Central Nervous System
That part of the nervous system that includes exclusively the bone encased brain and the spinal cord, as opposed to the outlying peripheral nervous system, consisting of the somatic nervous system, which governs usually voluntary musculo-skeletal reactions and the autonomic nervous system, which controls usually involuntary visceral, homeostatic, glandular and circulatory activity.

Central nervous system (CNS)
Pertaining to the brain, cranial nerves and spinal cord. It does not include muscles or peripheral nerves.

Central Peninsula General Hospital
Central Peninsula General Hospital is a hospital in Soldotna, Alaska (USA).

Central Prison Hospital
The Central Prison Hospital is a hospital in Raleigh, North Carolina, United States.

Central retinal artery
The blood vessel that carries blood into the eye and supplies nutrition to the retina.

Central retinal vein
The blood vessel that carries blood away from the retina of the eye.

Central State Hospital
Central State Hospital is a hospital in Petersburg, Virginia (USA).

Central Texas Medical Center
The Central Texas Medical Center is a hospital in San Marcos, Texas, United States.

Central Trauma Hospital Tirana
The Central Trauma Hospital Tirana is a hospital in Tirana, Albania.

Central Valley General Hospital
The Central Valley General Hospital is a hospital in Kings, California, United States.

Central Valley Medical Center
The Central Valley Medical Center is a hospital in Nephi, Utah, United States.

Central venous line
A catheter (tube) that is passed through a vein to end up in the thoracic (chest) portion of the vena cava (the large vein returning blood to the heart) or in the right atrium of the heart.

Central Vermont Hospital
Central Vermont Hospital is a hospital in Berlin, Vermont (USA).

Central Vermont Medical Center
The Central Vermont Medical Center is a hospital in Barre City, Vermont, United States.

Central vision
Straight-ahead vision. Central vision is the work of the macula, a small area in the center of the retina that contains a rich collection of cones. (The retina is made up of two types of cells, the cones and the rods. Millions of cones are packed into the macula. The cones are nerve cells sensitive to light, fine detail, and color.) Central vision permits a person to read, drive, and perform other activities that require fine, sharp, straight-ahead vision. As opposed to peripheral vision.

Central Washington Hospital
Central Washington Hospital is a hospital in Wenatchee, Washington (USA).

CentraState Medical Center
CentraState Medical Center is a hospital in Freehold, New Jersey (USA).

Centrax
Centrax is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): prazepam.

Centre Community Hospital
Centre Community Hospital is a hospital in State College, Pennsylvania (USA).

Centre hospitalier de Fleury
The Centre hospitalier de Fleury is a hospital in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Centre hospitalier de Lachine
The Centre hospitalier de Lachine is a hospital in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Centre hospitalier de LaSalle
The Centre hospitalier de LaSalle is a hospital in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Centre hospitalier de Mont-Sinai
The Centre hospitalier de Mont-Sinai is a hospital in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Centre hospitalier de Saint Mary
The Centre hospitalier de Saint Mary is a hospital in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Centre hospitalier de Verdun
The Centre hospitalier de Verdun is a hospital in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Centre hospitalier Richardson
The Centre hospitalier Richardson is a hospital in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Centric-fusion translocation
A type of chromosome rearrangement, also called a Robertsonian translocation, in which there is fusion of an entire long arm of one acrocentric chromosome with a similarly intact long arm of another acrocentric chromosome. The short arms of the chromosomes participating in the translocation are usually lost.

Centro Hospitalario Internacional Pacifico
The Centro Hospitalario Internacional Pacifico is a hospital in Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico.

Centro Medico
The Centro Medico is a hospital in Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico.

Centro Sanitario Virgen del Pilar
Centro Sanitario Virgen del Pilar is a hospital in San Sebastian, Basque Country (Spain).

Century City Hospital
Century City Hospital is a hospital in Los Angeles, California (USA).

Century Drive Rehabilitation Center
The Century Drive Rehabilitation Center is a hospital in Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania, United States.

Century Medical Centre
The Century Medical Centre is a hospital in Johor, Malaysia.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Central retinal artery
The blood vessel that carries blood into the eye and supplies nutrition to the retina.

Central retinal vein
The blood vessel that carries blood away from the retina of the eye.

Central venous line
A catheter (tube) that is passed through a vein to end up in the thoracic (chest) portion of the vena cava (the large vein returning blood to the heart) or in the right atrium of the heart.

Central vision
Straight-ahead vision. Central vision is the work of the macula, a small area in the center of the retina that contains a rich collection of cones. (The retina is made up of two types of cells, the cones and the rods. Millions of cones are packed into the macula. The cones are nerve cells sensitive to light, fine detail, and color.) Central vision permits a person to read, drive, and perform other activities that require fine, sharp, straight-ahead vision. As opposed to peripheral vision.

Centric-fusion translocation
A type of chromosome rearrangement, also called a Robertsonian translocation, in which there is fusion of an entire long arm of one acrocentric chromosome with a similarly intact long arm of another acrocentric chromosome. The short arms of the chromosomes participating in the translocation are usually lost.

Centromere

Cephalgia, histamine
A distinctive syndrome of headaches, also known as cluster headache or migrainous neuralgia. The common pattern of cluster headache is termed "episodic" and is characterized by 1-3 short attacks of pain each day around the eyes, clustered over a stretch of 1-2 months, followed by a pain- free breathing period (average: a year). The other main pattern of cluster headache is termed "chronic" (and is also known as chronic migrainous neuralgia). It may come out of the blue or emerge several years after an episodic pattern. It is characterized by the absence of sustained periods of remission. The episodic and acute forms of cluster headache may transform into the other, so it seems that they are merely different-appearing patterns of one and the same disease. On the other hand, cluster headache looks different and distinct from migraine-for example, propranolol is effective for migraine but not cluster headache while lithium benefits cluster headache syndrome but not migraine-although the mechanisms underlying cluster headache and migraine may have a degree of commonality.

Cephalic
Relating to the head or the head end of the body. Situated on, in, or near the head. Cephalic is synonymous with cranial, relating to the cranium or head.

Cephalic disorder
A congenital condition that stems from damage to, or abnormal development of, the budding nervous system. Cephalic is a term that means "head" or "head end of the body." Congenital means the disorder is present at, and usually before, birth.

Cephalothoracic lipodystrophy
A disorder characterized by painless symmetrical diffuse deposits of fat beneath the skin of the neck, upper trunk, arms and legs.

Cephaly
Familiar abbreviation of the name of one of the cephalic disorders, a series of congenital condition that stem from damage to, or abnormal development of, the budding nervous system. Cephalic is a term that means "head" or "head end of the body." Congenital means the disorder is present at, and usually before, birth.

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