Braces
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  Braces



Braces

    Devices used by orthodontists to gradually reposition teeth to a more favorable alignment

RELATED TERMS
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Devices
Expendable and nonexpendable equipment, supplies, apparatus, and instruments that are used in diagnostic, surgical, therapeutic, scientific, and experimental procedures.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Brace
A device used to support a body part, correct or prevent deformities, or control movement.

Brace, foot-drop
See Ankle-foot orthosis.

Brace, Milwaukee
One of the two main types of braces used to treat the lateral curve of the spine in scoliosis. This brace can be worn to correct any curve in the spine.

Brachial artery
The artery that runs from the shoulder down to the elbow.

Brachial neuritis
A neuropathy involving symptoms in an upper limb. Pain and weakness may be out of proportion to sensory abnormality. (Brachial plexus neuropathy, Neuralgic amyotrophy)

Brachial palsy
See: Brachial plexus palsy.

Brachial plexus
A network of spinal nerves that originates in the back of the neck, extends through the axilla (armpit), and gives rise to nerves to the upper limb. The brachial plexus is formed by the union of portions of the fifth through eighth cervical nerves and the first thoracic nerve, all of which come from the spinal cord.

Brachial plexus palsy
Paralysis of the arm due to an injury to the brachial plexus, a network of spinal nerves that originates in the back of the neck, extends through the axilla (armpit), and gives rise to nerves to the upper limb. The brachial plexus is formed by the union of portions of the fifth through eighth cervical nerves and the first thoracic nerve, all of which come from the spinal cord.

Brachial vein
A vein that accompanies the brachial artery between the shoulder and the elbow. The route of the brachial artery is from the shoulder down to the elbow whereas that of the brachial vein is in the reverse direction -- from the elbow back up to the shoulder.

Brachycephaly
A short head, one that is short in diameter from front to back.

Brachydactyly
Short, stubby fingers and toes.

Brachytherapy
Radiation treatment given by placing radioactive material directly in or near the target, which is often a tumor.

Brachytherapy, coronary artery
Local radiation treatment within an artery to the heart. Coronary artery brachytherapy has been used to reduce the recurrence of blockage (obstruction) of a coronary artery after successful treatment of a blockage of a stent. A stent is a tubular structure that is implanted inside of a coronary artery to keep it open, thereby preventing a heart attack.

Brackenridge Hospital
The Brackenridge Hospital is a hospital in Austin Texas, United States.

Bracknell Forest doctors
All doctors near Bracknell Forest, Great Britain. Doctors who can assist a patient in Bracknell Forest.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Black hairy tongue
Elongated papillae on the tongue, promoting the growth of microorganisms.

Bleaching
Chemical or laser treatment of natural teeth for whitening effect

Block injection
Anesthesia of a nerve trunk that covers a large area of the jaw; a mandibular block injection produce numbness of the lower jaw, teeth, half the tongue

Bonding
Adhesive dental restoration technique; a tooth-colored composite resin to repair and/or change the color or shape of a tooth.

Bone resorption
Decrease in bone supporting the roots of teeth; a common result of periodontal (gum disease.

Braces

Bridge
Stationary dental prosthesis (appliance) fixed to teeth adjacent to a space; replaces one or more missing teeth, cemented or bonded to supporting teeth or implants adjacent to the space.

Bruxism
Grinding or gnashing of the teeth, most commonly while the patient is asleep.

Bruxomania
Persistent "nervous" grinding of the teeth while the patient is awake

Bone scintigraphy
Bone scintigraphy is a sensitive and efficient method of measuring metabolic activity of the entire skeleton. Tc-99m labeled diphosphonates are well established in screening for most bony metastatic disease. Bone scanning makes up greater than 1/3 of the procedure volume in most nuclear medicine departments, a large proportion of which is screening for metastatic disease. The role of scintigraphy in evaluation of the patient with multiple myeloma is less well defined. Recent developments which necessitate reevaluation of the role of scintigraphy in multiple myeloma with respect to treatment.

B-cell
The antibody-producing white blood cells.

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