Bioinformatics
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  Bioinformatics



Bioinformatics

   The sum of the computational approaches to analyze, manage, and store biological data. Bioinformatics involves the analysis of biological information using computers and statistical techniques, the science of developing and utilizing computer databases and algorithms to accelerate and enhance biological research.

RELATED TERMS
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Bioinformatics
The sum of the computational approaches to analyze, manage, and store biological data. Bioinformatics involves the analysis of biological information using computers and statistical techniques, the science of developing and utilizing computer databases and algorithms to accelerate and enhance biological research.

Analysis
A psychology term for processes used to gain understanding of complex emotional or behavioral issues.

Science
1. A continuous process whose basic purposes are to make phenomena recognizable and to predict outcomes, and whose fundamental activities comprise|(a) observing and describing phenomena and developing general conclusions about them; (b) integrating new data with organized observations that have been confirmed; (c) formulating testable hypotheses based on the results of such integration; (d) testing such hypotheses under controlled, repeatable conditions; (e) observing the results of such testing, recording them unambiguously, and interpreting them clearly; and (f) actively seeking criticism from participants in science. 2. Knowledge from science. 3. A scientific domain (e.g., genetics). 4. Knowledge from a particular scientific domain. 5. Any system or method characterized by the application of scientific principles to practical ends (e.g., culinary science). 6. Any disciplined, systematized area of study. 7. Methodological activity, training, or study. 8. Any activity that ostensibly requires study and method. 9. Knowledge from experience. 10. A developed ability. 11. The state of knowing.

Databases
Organized collections of computer records, standardized in format and content, that are stored in any of a variety of computer-readable modes. They are the basic sets of data from which computer-readable files are created. (from ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)

Algorithms
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.



SIMILAR TERMS
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PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Biochemical aspirin resistance
The inability of aspirin to produce an anticipated effect on one or more tests of platelet function, such as inhibiting the biosynthesis of thromboxane, inhibiting platelet aggregation, and causing a prolongation of the bleeding time. The rationale for this testing is the concern as to whether aspirin therapy can in a given patient help prevent a heart attack or stroke.

Biochemistry
The chemistry of biology, the application of the tools and concepts of chemistry to living systems.

Biofeedback
"A method of treatment that uses monitors to feed back to patients physiological information of which they are normally unaware. By watching the monitor, patients can learn by trial and error to adjust their thinking and other mental processes in order to control ""involuntary"" bodily processes such as blood pressure, temperature, gastrointestinal functioning, and brain wave activity. "

Biofilm
"An aggregate of microbes with a distinct architecture. A biofilm is like a tiny city in which microbial cells, each only a micrometer or two long, form towers that can be hundreds of micrometers high. The ""streets"" between the towers are really fluid-filled channels that bring in nutrients, oxygen and other necessities for live biofilm communities. "

Biofluid
A biological fluid. Biofluids can be excreted (such as urine or sweat), secreted (such as breast milk or bile), obtained with a needle (such as blood or cerebrospinal fluid), or develop as a result of a pathological process (such as (such as blister or cyst fluid). The term biofluid is employed as both a noun (as in the aforementionned biofluids) and an adjective (as in biofluid dynamics and biofluid mechanics).

Bioinformatics

Biologic evolution
Biologic evolution was contrasted with cultural (social) evolution in 1968 by A.G. Motulsky who pointed out that biologic evolution is mediated by genes, shows a slow rate of change, employs random variation (mutations) and selection as agents of change, new variants are often harmful, these new variants are transmitted from parents to offspring, the mode of transmission is simple, complexity is achieved by the rare formation of new genes by chromosome duplication, biologic evolution occurs with all forms of life, and the biology of humans requires cultural evolution.

Biological chemistry
Another name for biochemistry.

Biological safety level 1
Level 1 biosafety.

Biological safety level 2
Level 2 biosafety.

Biological safety level 3
Level 3 biosafety.

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