Biogenic amine
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  Biogenic amine



Biogenic amine

    A biologically synthesized substance, fundamentally a nitrogen compound, widely dispersed in the body. Some hormones, such as adrenaline (epinephrine) are compounds containing an amine.

RELATED TERMS
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Hormones
Biological compounds that communicate information at a distance. Hormones require specific receptors to begin their biological action and use second messengers to initiate the cellular process that uses that information.

Adrenaline
Or epinephrine. One of two chemicals (the other is norepinephrine) released by the adrenal gland that increases the speed and force of heartbeats. It dilates the airways to improve breathing and narrows blood vessels in the skin and intestine so that an increased flow of blood reaches the muscles and allows them to cope with the demands of exercise.

Amine
"A chemical compound containing nitrogen. Amines are derived from ammonia. (The name ""amine"" was derived from the word ""ammonia."")"



SIMILAR TERMS
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PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Beta catenin
A protein that is associated with cells that are destined to become hair follicle cells.

Barbiturate
A salt or derivative of barbituric acid used medicinally as a sedative, sleeping pill, or anticonvulsant; and among street drugs used as a "downer."

Barr body
The color-staining spot (the sex chromatin) located at the edge of the nucleus of cells taken from individuals with more than one X chromosome. It is normally found in female cells, and so is used as a sign of female genetic sex. It is also found in men with the 47,XXY (Klinefelter's) syndrome. It is missing in girls with the 45,X (Turner's) syndrome. The Barr-body test is rapid and inexpensive as compared with actual chromosome counting, and so is used as a method of preliminary X-chromosome screening.

Beta lipotropin
The biochemical precursor substance from which the body synthesizes endomorphins.

Biastophilia
A paraphilia of the sacrificial/expiatory type in which sexuoerotic arousal and facilitation and attainment of orgasm are responsive to, and dependent upon the surprise attack and continued violent assault of a nonconsenting, terrified, and struggling stranger [from Greek, biastes, rape or forced violation + -philia]. Acquiescence on the part of the partner induces a fresh round of threat and violence from the biastophile. Biastophilia may be homosexual as well as heterosexual, but is predominantly the latter, whether the biastophile is male or female. There is no term for the reciprocal paraphilic condition, namely stage-managing one's own brutal rape by a stranger, which probably exists only in attenuated form and rarely gets transmuted from fantasy into actuality.

Biogenic amine

Bisexual
Characterized by other-sex and same-sex contacts, either concurrently or sequentially in the course of development, either in genital acts or as a long-term sexuoerotic status.

Bulimia
A syndrome of episodic binge eating of massive amounts of foodstuffs with subsequent purging through self-induced vomiting and sometimes laxative or enema use. Obesity is not usually seen in bulemics who may be normal to slightly overweight. This syndrome may alternate with anorexia nervosa or occur in combination as in bulemarexia. These eating disorder syndromes may be manifestations of hypophilia in that they tend to affect sexuoeroticism by reversing the effects of puberty.

Bulemia
See Bulimia.

Bulemarexia
Anorexia nervosa.

Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD)
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a mental disorder which involves a disturbed body image. The central feature of BDD is that persons who are afflicted with it are excessively dissatisfied with their body because of a perceived physical defect.

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