Professionals who are skilled in helping people make decisions about what is morally right and wrong.
Scientific basis on which generic and brand-name drugs are compared. To be considered bioequivalent, the bioavailability of two products must not differ significantly when the two products are given in studies at the same dosage under similar conditions.
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An extra boost of insulin given to cover expected rise in blood glucose (sugar) such as the rise that occurs after eating.
Diabetes that is very difficult to control. It is an antiquated term that has no place in current management of diabetes. In particular it is not a distinct form of diabetes, and usually will respond to a more intensive team approach to care.
Balloon Angioplasty (Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty or PTCA)
A specially designed balloon catheter with a small balloon tip is guided to the point of narrowing in the artery. Once in place, the balloon is inflated to compress the fatty matter into the artery wall and stretch the artery open to increase blood flow through the blood vessel.
A drug that slows heart rate, lowers blood pressure, controls angina and protects patients with prior heart attacks from future heart attacks.
A valve with two leaflets (cusps) instead of three.
Blood Clot (thrombus)
A clot forms when clotting factors in the blood cause it to coagulate or become a solid, jelly-like mass. When a blood clot forms inside a blood vessel (a thrombus), it can dislodge and travel through the blood stream, causing a heart attack or stroke.
Blood Thinners (anticoagulants)
Medicine used to prevent clots from forming or getting larger. Heparin is generally given through the vein and Coumadin (warfarin) by mouth.
A test that can help establish compatibility between two different types of blood. Blood types include A, B, AB or O.
Body Mass Index
The number, derived by dividing body weight by height squared; used to determine health risk created by excess body weight.
Brain damage that is so severe and extensive that the brain cannot recover. Breathing has stopped, but the circulation may still be continuing because of artificial ventilation. Donor organs can only be taken from people who are declared brain dead.
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