Biochemistry
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  Biochemistry



Biochemistry

   The chemistry of biology, the application of the tools and concepts of chemistry to living systems.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Biochemical
Relating to biochemistry, the application of the tools and concepts of chemistry to living systems.

Biochemical aspirin resistance
The inability of aspirin to produce an anticipated effect on one or more tests of platelet function, such as inhibiting the biosynthesis of thromboxane, inhibiting platelet aggregation, and causing a prolongation of the bleeding time. The rationale for this testing is the concern as to whether aspirin therapy can in a given patient help prevent a heart attack or stroke.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Binucleate
Having two nuclei. Binucleate cells are due to a defect in cytokinesis, the process by which two daughter cells separate at the completion of cell division.

Bio-
Prefix indicating living plants or creatures, as in biology, the study of living organisms.

Bioarchaeology
The use of a range of biological techniques on archaeological material in order to learn more about past populations. In bioarchaeology, one might isolate and amplify DNA from very old bones such as from the frozen body of the 9,000-year-old Ice Man who was found in the Italian Alps.

Biochemical
Relating to biochemistry, the application of the tools and concepts of chemistry to living systems.

Biochemical aspirin resistance
The inability of aspirin to produce an anticipated effect on one or more tests of platelet function, such as inhibiting the biosynthesis of thromboxane, inhibiting platelet aggregation, and causing a prolongation of the bleeding time. The rationale for this testing is the concern as to whether aspirin therapy can in a given patient help prevent a heart attack or stroke.

Biochemistry

Biofeedback
"A method of treatment that uses monitors to feed back to patients physiological information of which they are normally unaware. By watching the monitor, patients can learn by trial and error to adjust their thinking and other mental processes in order to control ""involuntary"" bodily processes such as blood pressure, temperature, gastrointestinal functioning, and brain wave activity. "

Biofilm
"An aggregate of microbes with a distinct architecture. A biofilm is like a tiny city in which microbial cells, each only a micrometer or two long, form towers that can be hundreds of micrometers high. The ""streets"" between the towers are really fluid-filled channels that bring in nutrients, oxygen and other necessities for live biofilm communities. "

Biofluid
A biological fluid. Biofluids can be excreted (such as urine or sweat), secreted (such as breast milk or bile), obtained with a needle (such as blood or cerebrospinal fluid), or develop as a result of a pathological process (such as (such as blister or cyst fluid). The term biofluid is employed as both a noun (as in the aforementionned biofluids) and an adjective (as in biofluid dynamics and biofluid mechanics).

Bioinformatics
The sum of the computational approaches to analyze, manage, and store biological data. Bioinformatics involves the analysis of biological information using computers and statistical techniques, the science of developing and utilizing computer databases and algorithms to accelerate and enhance biological research.

Biologic evolution
Biologic evolution was contrasted with cultural (social) evolution in 1968 by A.G. Motulsky who pointed out that biologic evolution is mediated by genes, shows a slow rate of change, employs random variation (mutations) and selection as agents of change, new variants are often harmful, these new variants are transmitted from parents to offspring, the mode of transmission is simple, complexity is achieved by the rare formation of new genes by chromosome duplication, biologic evolution occurs with all forms of life, and the biology of humans requires cultural evolution.

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